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Leviticus 27

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) begins with YHVH speaking to Moses about the making and giving of vows for people and animals. It continues with the redemption of land and the understanding of the things devoted to YHVH. The final discussion point is about tithes.

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 27 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Fourth Reading – vv. 1-15 – Parsha Bechukotai
  2. Fifth Reading – vv. 16-21 – Parsha Bechukotai
  3. Sixth Reading – vv. 22-28 – Parsha Bechukotai
  4. Seventh Reading – vv. 29-34 – Parsha Bechukotai

Literary Layout:

  1. Vows of Persons and Animals – vv. 1-13
  2. Consecrations of Houses and Fields – vv. 14-25
  3. Firstlings – vv. 26,27
  4. Proscriptions – vv. 28,29
  5. Tithes – vv. 30-33
  6. Summary – v. 34

Leviticus 27 Structure:

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Bechukotai 33
~ In My Laws ~

FOURTH READING

→ Vows of Persons and Animals

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When a man shall clearly utter a vow of persons unto the LORD, according to thy valuation,
3 then thy valuation shall be for the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even thy valuation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
4 And if it be a female, then thy valuation shall be thirty shekels.
5 And if it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then thy valuation shall be for the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
6 And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then thy valuation shall be for the male five shekels of silver, and for the female thy valuation shall be three shekels of silver.
7 And if it be from sixty years old and upward: if it be a male, then thy valuation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
8 But if he be too poor for thy valuation, then he shall be set before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to the means of him that vowed shall the priest value him.
9 And if it be a beast, whereof men bring an offering unto the LORD, all that any man giveth of such unto the LORD shall be holy.
10 He shall not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good; and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then both it and that for which it is changed shall be holy.
11 And if it be any unclean beast, of which they may not bring an offering unto the LORD, then he shall set the beast before the priest.
12 And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad; as thou the priest valuest it, so shall it be.
13 But if he will indeed redeem it, then he shall add the fifth part thereof unto thy valuation.

→ Consecrations of Persons and Animals

14 And when a man shall sanctify his house to be holy unto the LORD, then the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad; as the priest shall value it, so shall it stand.
15 And if he that sanctified it will redeem his house, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of thy valuation unto it, and it shall be his.

FIFTH READING

16 And if a man shall sanctify unto the LORD part of the field of his possession, then thy valuation shall be according to the sowing thereof; the sowing of a homer of barley shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
17 If he sanctify his field from the year of jubilee, according to thy valuation it shall stand.
18 But if he sanctify his field after the jubilee, then the priest shall reckon unto him the money according to the years that remain unto the year of jubilee, and an abatement shall be made from thy valuation.
19 And if he that sanctified the field will indeed redeem it, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of thy valuation unto it, and it shall be assured to him.
20 And if he will not redeem the field, or if he have sold the field to another man, it shall not be redeemed any more.
21 But the field, when it goeth out in the jubilee, shall be holy unto the LORD, as a field devoted; the possession thereof shall be the priest’s.

SIXTH READING

22 And if he sanctify unto the LORD a field which he hath bought, which is not of the field of his possession;
23 then the priest shall reckon unto him the worth of thy valuation unto the year of jubilee; and he shall give thy valuation in that day, as a holy thing unto the LORD.
24 In the year of jubilee the field shall return unto him of whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land belongeth.
25 And all thy valuations shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary; twenty gerahs shall be the shekel.

→ Firstlings

26 Howbeit the firstling among beasts, which is born as a firstling to the LORD, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox or sheep, it is the LORD’S.
27 And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall ransom it according to thy valuation, and shall add unto it the fifth part thereof; or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to thy valuation.

→ Proscriptions

28 Notwithstanding, no devoted thing, that a man may devote unto the LORD of all that he hath, whether of man or beast, or of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed; every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD.

SEVENTH READING

29 None devoted, that may be devoted of men, shall be ransomed; he shall surely be put to death.

→ Tithes

30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S; it is holy unto the LORD.
31 And if a man will redeem aught of his tithe, he shall add unto it the fifth part thereof.
32 And all the tithe of the herd or the flock, whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
33 He shall not inquire whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it; and if he change it at all, then both it and that for which it is changed shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.

→ Summary

34 These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) English Verses

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Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 27 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Bechukotai – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 27 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 27 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 27

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain