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Parsha Toledot

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

Toledot תּֽוֹלְדֹ֥ת is translated as “generation” and is the sixth Torah reading in the annual reading cycle. There are three ways to spell “toledot”, “t-o-l-d-o-s”, or “t-o-l’-d-o-t-h”

Toledot parsha summary

In parsha toledot, we begin with Isaac and his descendants. Rebekah becomes pregnant and has a difficult pregnancy. She discovers the twins, Esau and Jacob, are struggling within her because they are both nations. We  are given a brief description of the twins. Then our story reveals how Esau sells his birthright to Jacob.

Famine occurs in the land. HaShem instructs Isaac not to leave the land. King Abimelech takes Rebekah and HaShem reveals his displeasure to him. Abimelech confronts Isaac and sends them away. From here Isaac struggles with the Philistines over his father’s wells. Esau marries two women, Judith and Basemath. Isaac blesses Jacob and sends him away to Paddan-aram to Laban his uncle.

Toledot תּֽוֹלְדֹ֥ת is the second word and in the Hebrew text (see text below).

Parsha Chayei Sarah

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

Chayei Sarah חַיֵּ֣י שָׂרָ֔ה is translated as “Life of Sarah”. Life can be spelled four different ways — (1) c-h-a-y-e-i,  (2) c-h-a-y-e, (3) h-a-y-y-e or  (4) h-a-y-y-e-i. This is the fifth parsha reading for the yearly cycle.

In parsha Chayei Sarah we have two deaths and two marriages. Sarah dies and Abraham purchases the cave of Machpelah from a Hittite named Ephron. After burying Sarah, Abraham charges his servant to locate a wife for Isaac from Abraham’s homeland and not from the Cannanites. Much of this portion is about that task. Rebekah returns with the servant and marries Isaac. Afterward, we discover Abraham marries Keturah and has six sons with her. This portion reveals the twelve chieftain sons of Ishmael and ends with Ishmael dying at the ripe old age of 137 years.

Chayei Sarah חַיֵּ֣י שָׂרָ֔ה is the second and third words and in the Hebrew text (see text below).

Parsha Vayera

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

Vayera וַיֵּרָ֤א is translated as “And He appeared”.

Parsha vayera וַיֵּרָ֤א is the fourth parsha in the annual reading cycle. It is perhaps the most significant of all parashiyot as it is the turning point in Abraham’s life.  Abraham has a visitation and the promise of a son through Sarah. Abraham intercedes for the righteous in Sodom and Gomorrah. Sarah is taken by Abimelech. Isaac is  born and Ishmael is banished. A covenant is established between Abimelech and Abraham and it ends with the binding of Isaac.

Vayera וַיֵּרָ֤א is the first word and in the Hebrew text (see text below).

Parsha Lech Lecha

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

Lech-Lecha לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ is translated as “go”, “leave!”  but it literally means “go for you”. It can be spelled, “lech-lecha”, “lekh-lekha”, or “lech-l’cha”

In parsha lech lecha we begin the story of Abram. He is told to leave his family in Babylon and his physical and spiritual journey begins. He travels to Egypt, his nephew separates from him, he goes to war, meets Melechizedek. Then God promises a son, He has a child with Hagar. It ends with Abraham and his whole household entering into a covenant by circumcision.

Lech-Lecha לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ is the fifth and sixth words and in the Hebrew text (see text below).

Parsha Noach

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

Parsha Noach נֹ֔חַ is the second reading in Bereshit and the annual reading cycle. This parsha contains many familiar stores (1) the building of the ark, (2) the flood, and of course the (3) tower of Babel.

There are several interesting facts concerning the Hebrew text. This parsha can be considered the longest pasha in one way. It has the most sentences (verses) of any Torah portion but it does share this honor with parsha Vayishlach (Bereshit 32:4-36:43). More amazingly it does not contain the most letters. That honor belongs to parsha Miketz (Bereshit 41:1-44:17). Parsha Vayeira (Exodus Shemot 6:2-9:35) has the most words.

Noach נֹ֔חַ is the third word and the first distinctive word in the Hebrew text (see text below).

Parsha Bereshit

  • Parsha
  • 1 min read

Bereshit בְּרֵאשִׁית is the parsha of first. It is the first parsha of the annual reading cycle. Also it is in the first book of Moses and the first word in the Torah.  The meaning of Bereshit has been discussed on the Introduction of Genesis.

See the Hebrew text below.


Parsha Matot – Masei

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

This week have a double parsha reading. This is the sixth of seven possible double readings and the second in Numbers (BeMidbar).  We are reading Matot מַּטּוֹת – Masei  מַסְעֵי  When we have double readings the daily readings change. Sometimes, the halftorah reading changes too.

Here we will combine all the stats and information. However, if you are interested in the numbers for each parsha we have created individual posts for them. See them below:

Now lets look at those stats.


Parsha Masei

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  • 2 min read

Masei  מַסְעֵי is the forty-third parsha in the annual reading cycle. It is the tenth and last reading in Bamidbar (Numbers). Masei is the second half of the sixth double portion – parsha Matot-Masei.  Double parsha Matot-Masei is read as a combined reading every year except on leap years.

Masei  מַסְעֵי is translated as “journeys“.

Masei מַסְעֵי is the second word and the first distinctive word in the Hebrew text (see text below).


Parsha Matot

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

Matot מַּטּוֹת is the forty-second parsha in the annual reading cycle. It is the ninth reading in Bamidbar (Numbers). It is the first half of the sixth double parsha. It is read with parsha Masei except on leap years.

Matot מַּטּוֹת is translated as “tribe“. Strong’s defines as “a staff“, “rod“, “shaft“, “branch“, “a tribe“.

Matot מַּטּוֹת is the fourth word (counting the hyphenated words as one word) in the second verse.  It is the first distinctive word in the Hebrew text (see text below).


Parsha Pinchas (Pinechas)

  • Parsha
  • 2 min read

Pinchas פִּינְחָס is the forty-first parsha in the annual reading cycle. It is the eighth reading in Bamidbar (Numbers).

Pinchas פִּינְחָס is the son of Eleazar the son of Aaron; Aaron’s grandson in today’s vernacular. His name is of uncertain origin. Yoel HaLevi, Bible historian and Orthodox Jew, states in his podcast, “Pinchas is a unique name and some people link these name to Egyptian names (He is discussing several names)….. What is very interesting here is the Egyptian names continued in the house of the priests. We see generations later in the house of Eli the name Pinchas shows up again and actually relates to maintaining certain names in the family.

Pinchas פִּינְחָס is the fifth word (counting the hyphenated words as one word) and the first distinctive word in the Hebrew text (see text below).