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Shavuot

Shavuot

Shavuot is technically the third festival listed in Leviticus 27. In the Torah it is called, the feast of harvest or the first fruits. In the New Testament it is called Pentecost. In the Postbiblical writings it called by multiple names i.e., feast of the Law giving, Atzeret Shel Pesach, or Zeman Mattan Toratenu.

Shavuot Summary

Shavuot does not have a set date per se. Torah tells us to count fifty days after the Passover Shabbat. In the land of Israel, it is a one-day celebration. In the diaspora it is a two-day celebration.

Shavuot Customs

The customs and traditions connected to Shavuot’s observance are untraceable and very ancient. Like all ancient customs and traditions there is a lot of lore and even more interpretations attached to it. The major traditions are as follows:

Decorating the synagogue and home with green plants.
Eating dairy products i.e., cheese blitzes
Reading the book of Ruth
Reading the Ten Words (Commandments)
24-hour study on Shavuot eve. It’s called “Tikken”
Wearing Festive clothing

Shavuot Day 1 Readings

First reading — Exodus (Shemot) 19.1 – 6
Second reading — Exodus (Shemot) 19.7 – 13
Third reading — Exodus (Shemot) 19.14 – 19
Fourth reading — Exodus (Shemot) 19.20 – 20.14
Fifth reading — Exodus (Shemot) 20.15 – 23
Halftorah: Eze. 1.1-28; 3.11,12

Shavuot Day 2 Readings

First reading — Deut. (Devaram) 14.22 – 29
Second reading — Deut. (Devaram) 15.1 – 18
Third reading — Deut. (Devaram) 15.19 – 23
Fourth reading — Deut. (Devaram) 16.1 – 3
Fifth reading — Deut. (Devaram) 16.4 – 8
Sixth reading — Deut. (Devaram) 16.9 – 12
Seventh reading — Deut. (Devaram) 16.13 – 17
Halftorah: Hab 3.1-19

Shavuot Scriptures

Shavuot: 5 Mentions in TorahDay 1: Exodus 19.1 - 20.26Day 1 Haftorah: Ezk. 1.1 - 28; 3.11,12Day 2: Deut 14.22 - 16.17Day 2 Haftorah: Hab 3.1-19Megilla: Ruth 1.1 - 4.22Brit Hahagaddah: Acts 2.1 - 41

Exodus (Shemot) 23.14-19 (Shavuot, Torah Mentions First Time)

Exo 23:14  Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto Me in the year.
Exo 23:15  The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep; seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, at the time appointed in the month Abib – for in it thou camest out from Egypt; and none shall appear before Me empty;
Exo 23:16  and the feast of harvest, the first-fruits of thy labours, which thou sowest in the field; and the feast of ingathering, at the end of the year, when thou gatherest in thy labours out of the field.
Exo 23:17  Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD.
Exo 23:18  Thou shalt not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of My feast remain all night until the morning.
Exo 23:19  The choicest first-fruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in its mother’s milk.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 23.9-22 (Shavuot, Torah Mentions Second Time)

Lev 23:9  And the LORD spoke unto Moses saying:
Lev 23:10  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye are come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring the sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest unto the priest.
Lev 23:11  And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you; on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
Lev 23:12  And in the day when ye wave the sheaf, ye shall offer a he-lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt-offering unto the LORD.
Lev 23:13  And the meal-offering thereof shall be two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour; and the drink-offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of a hin.
Lev 23:14  And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor fresh ears, until this selfsame day, until ye have brought the offering of your God; it is a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

Lev 23:15  And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the day of rest, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the waving; seven weeks shall there be complete;
Lev 23:16  even unto the morrow after the seventh week shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall present a new meal-offering unto the LORD.
Lev 23:17  Ye shall bring out of your dwellings two wave-loaves of two tenth parts of an ephah; they shall be of fine flour, they shall be baked with leaven, for first-fruits unto the LORD.
Lev 23:18  And ye shall present with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams; they shall be a burnt-offering unto the LORD, with their meal-offering, and their drink-offerings, even an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
Lev 23:19  And ye shall offer one he-goat for a sin-offering, and two he-lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace-offerings.
Lev 23:20  And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first-fruits for a wave-offering before the LORD, with the two lambs; they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
Lev 23:21  And ye shall make proclamation on the selfsame day; there shall be a holy convocation unto you; ye shall do no manner of servile work; it is a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
Lev 23:22  And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corner of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleaning of thy harvest; thou shalt leave them for the poor, and for the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

Numbers (Bamidbar) 28.26-31 (Shavuot, Torah Mentions Third Time)

Num 28:26  Also in the day of the first-fruits, when ye bring a new meal-offering unto the LORD in your feast of weeks, ye shall have a holy convocation: ye shall do no manner of servile work;
Num 28:27  but ye shall present a burnt-offering for a sweet savour unto the LORD: two young bullocks, one ram, seven he-lambs of the first year;
Num 28:28  and their meal-offering, fine flour mingled with oil, three tenth parts for each bullock, two tenth parts for the one ram,
Num 28:29  a several tenth part for every lamb of the seven lambs;
Num 28:30  one he-goat, to make atonement for you.
Num 28:31  Beside the continual burnt-offering, and the meal-offering thereof, ye shall offer them – they shall be unto you without blemish- -and their drink-offerings.

Deuteronomy (Devaram) 16.9-12 (Shavuot, Torah Mentions Fourth Time)

Deu 16:9  Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee; from the time the sickle is first put to the standing corn shalt thou begin to number seven weeks.
Deu 16:10  And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God after the measure of the freewill-offering of thy hand, which thou shalt give, according as the LORD thy God blesseth thee.
Deu 16:11  And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy maid- servant, and the Levite that is within they gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are in the midst of thee, in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there.
Deu 16:12  And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt; and thou shalt observe and do these statutes.

Deuteronomy (Devaram) 26.1-11(Shavuot, Torah Mentions Fifth Time)

Deu 26:1  And it shall be, when thou art come in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, and dost possess it, and dwell therein;
Deu 26:2  that thou shalt take of the first of all the fruit of the ground, which thou shalt bring in from thy land that the LORD thy God giveth thee; and thou shalt put it in a basket and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there.
Deu 26:3  And thou shalt come unto the priest that shall be in those days, and say unto him: ‘I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come unto the land which the LORD swore unto our fathers to give us.’
Deu 26:4  And the priest shall take the basket out of thy hand, and set it down before the altar of the LORD thy God.
Deu 26:5  And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God: ‘A wandering Aramean was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there, few in number; and he became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous.
Deu 26:6  And the Egyptians dealt ill with us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage.
Deu 26:7  And we cried unto the LORD, the God of our fathers, and the LORD heard our voice, and saw our affliction, and our toil, and our oppression.
Deu 26:8  And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders.
Deu 26:9  And He hath brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey.
Deu 26:10  And now, behold, I have brought the first of the fruit of the land, which Thou, O LORD, hast given me.’ And thou shalt set it down before the LORD thy God, and worship before the LORD thy God.
Deu 26:11  And thou shalt rejoice in all the good which the LORD thy God hath given unto thee, and unto thy house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that is in the midst of thee.

Exodus (Shemot) 19.1 – 25 (Shavuot, Day 1)

Exo 19:1  In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.
Exo 19:2  And when they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the wilderness of Sinai, they encamped in the wilderness; and there Israel encamped before the mount.
Exo 19:3  And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying: ‘Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel:
Exo 19:4  Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto Myself.
Exo 19:5  Now therefore, if ye will hearken unto My voice indeed, and keep My covenant, then ye shall be Mine own treasure from among all peoples; for all the earth is Mine;
Exo 19:6  and ye shall be unto Me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.’
Exo 19:7  And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and set before them all these words which the LORD commanded him.
Exo 19:8  And all the people answered together, and said: ‘All that the LORD hath spoken we will do.’ And Moses reported the words of the people unto the LORD.
Exo 19:9  And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and may also believe thee for ever.’ And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.
Exo 19:10  And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Go unto the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their garments,
Exo 19:11  and be ready against the third day; for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.
Exo 19:12  And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying: Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it; whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death;
Exo 19:13  no hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live; when the ram’s horn soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.’
Exo 19:14  And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their garments.
Exo 19:15  And he said unto the people: ‘Be ready against the third day; come not near a woman.’
Exo 19:16  And it came to pass on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of a horn exceeding loud; and all the people that were in the camp trembled.
Exo 19:17  And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount.
Exo 19:18  Now mount Sinai was altogether on smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire; and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.
Exo 19:19  And when the voice of the horn waxed louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice.
Exo 19:20  And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, to the top of the mount; and the LORD called Moses to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.
Exo 19:21  And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish.
Exo 19:22  And let the priests also, that come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.’
Exo 19:23  And Moses said unto the LORD: ‘The people cannot come up to mount Sinai; for thou didst charge us, saying: Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it.’
Exo 19:24  And the LORD said unto him: ‘Go, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee; but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest He break forth upon them.’
Exo 19:25  So Moses went down unto the people, and told them.

Exodus (Shemot) 20.1 – 26 (Shavuot, Day 1)
Exo 20:1  And God spoke all these words, saying:
Exo 20:2  I am the LORD thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Exo 20:3  Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.
Exo 20:4  Thou shalt not make unto thee a graven image, nor any manner of likeness, of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;
Exo 20:5  thou shalt not bow down unto them, nor serve them; for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me;
Exo 20:6  and showing mercy unto the thousandth generation of them that love Me and keep My commandments.
Exo 20:7  Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain.
Exo 20:8  Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exo 20:9  Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work;
Exo 20:10  but the seventh day is a sabbath unto the LORD thy God, in it thou shalt not do any manner of work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates;
Exo 20:11  for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Exo 20:12  Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Exo 20:13  Thou shalt not murder.
Exo 20:14  (20:13) Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Exo 20:15  (20:13) Thou shalt not steal.
Exo 20:16  (20:13) Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Exo 20:17  (20:14) Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.
Exo 20:18  (20:15) And all the people perceived the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the voice of the horn, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled, and stood afar off.
Exo 20:19  (20:16) And they said unto Moses: ‘Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.’
Exo 20:20  (20:17) And Moses said unto the people: ‘Fear not; for God is come to prove you, and that His fear may be before you, that ye sin not.’
Exo 20:21  (20:18) And the people stood afar off; but Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

Exo 20:22  (20:19) And the LORD said unto Moses: Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel: Ye yourselves have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
Exo 20:23  (20:20) Ye shall not make with Me – gods of silver, or gods of gold, ye shall not make unto you.
Exo 20:24  (20:21) An altar of earth thou shalt make unto Me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt-offerings, and thy peace-offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen; in every place where I cause My name to be mentioned I will come unto thee and bless thee.
Exo 20:25  (20:22) And if thou make Me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stones; for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast profaned it.
Exo 20:26  (20:23) Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto Mine altar, that thy nakedness be not uncovered thereon.

Ezekiel (Yechezkel) 1.1 – 28 (Shavuot, Day 1)

Eze 1:1  Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river Chebar that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.
Eze 1:2  In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity,
Eze 1:3  the word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him.

Eze 1:4  And I looked, and, behold, a stormy wind came out of the north, a great cloud, with a fire flashing up, so that a brightness was round about it; and out of the midst thereof as the colour of electrum, out of the midst of the fire.
Eze 1:5  And out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had the likeness of a man.
Eze 1:6  And every one had four faces, and every one of them had four wings.
Eze 1:7  And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf’s foot; and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass.
Eze 1:8  And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and as for the faces and wings of them four,
Eze 1:9  their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.
Eze 1:10  As for the likeness of their faces, they had the face of a man; and they four had the face of a lion on the right side; and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four had also the face of an eagle.
Eze 1:11  Thus were their faces; and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies.
Eze 1:12  And they went every one straight forward; whither the spirit was to go, they went; they turned not when they went.
Eze 1:13  As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like coals of fire, burning like the appearance of torches; it flashed up and down among the living creatures; and there was brightness to the fire, and out of the fire went forth lightning.
Eze 1:14  And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.
Eze 1:15  Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel at the bottom hard by the living creatures, at the four faces thereof.
Eze 1:16  The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl; and they four had one likeness; and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel within a wheel.
Eze 1:17  When they went, they went toward their four sides; they turned not when they went.
Eze 1:18  As for their rings, they were high and they were dreadful; and they four had their rings full of eyes round about.
Eze 1:19  And when the living creatures went, the wheels went hard by them; and when the living creatures were lifted up from the bottom, the wheels were lifted up.
Eze 1:20  Whithersoever the spirit was to go, as the spirit was to go thither, so they went; and the wheels were lifted up beside them; for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
Eze 1:21  When those went, these went, and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up beside them; for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
Eze 1:22  And over the heads of the living creatures there was the likeness of a firmament, like the colour of the terrible ice, stretched forth over their heads above.
Eze 1:23  And under the firmament were their wings conformable the one to the other; this one of them had two which covered, and that one of them had two which covered, their bodies.
Eze 1:24  And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings like the noise of great waters, like the voice of the Almighty, a noise of tumult like the noise of a host; when they stood, they let down their wings.
Eze 1:25  For, when there was a voice above the firmament that was over their heads, as they stood, they let down their wings.
Eze 1:26  And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone; and upon the likeness of the throne was a likeness as the appearance of a man upon it above.
Eze 1:27  And I saw as the colour of electrum, as the appearance of fire round about enclosing it, from the appearance of his loins and upward; and from the appearance of his loins and downward I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness round about him.
Eze 1:28  As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spoke.

Ezekiel (Yechezkel) 3.11,12 (Shavuot, Day 1)
Eze 3:11 And go, get thee to them of the captivity, unto the children of thy people, and speak unto them, and tell them: Thus saith the Lord GOD; whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear.’
Eze 3:12 Then a spirit lifted me up, and I heard behind me the voice of a great rushing: ‘Blessed be the glory of the LORD from His place’;

Deuteronomy (Devaram) 14.22 – 29 (Shavuot, Day 2)

Deu 14:22  Thou shalt surely tithe all the increase of thy seed, that which is brought forth in the field year by year.
Deu 14:23  And thou shalt eat before the LORD thy God, in the place which He shall choose to cause His name to dwell there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herd and of thy flock; that thou mayest learn to fear the LORD thy God always.
Deu 14:24  And if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it, because the place is too far from thee, which the LORD thy God shall choose to set His name there, when the LORD thy God shall bless thee;
Deu 14:25  then shalt thou turn it into money, and bind up the money in thy hand, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose.
Deu 14:26  And thou shalt bestow the money for whatsoever thy soul desireth, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul asketh of thee; and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou and thy household.
Deu 14:27  And the Levite that is within thy gates, thou shalt not forsake him; for he hath no portion nor inheritance with thee.
Deu 14:28  At the end of every three years, even in the same year, thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase, and shall lay it up within thy gates.
Deu 14:29  And the Levite, because he hath no portion nor inheritance with thee, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thy hand which thou doest.

Deuteronomy (Devaram) 15.1 – 23 (Shavuot, Day 2)

Deu 15:1  At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release.
Deu 15:2  And this is the manner of the release: every creditor shall release that which he hath lent unto his neighbour; he shall not exact it of his neighbour and his brother; because the LORD’S release hath been proclaimed.
Deu 15:3  Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it; but whatsoever of thine is with thy brother thy hand shall release.
Deu 15:4  Howbeit there shall be no needy among you – for the LORD will surely bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it –
Deu 15:5  if only thou diligently hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all this commandment which I command thee this day.
Deu 15:6  For the LORD thy God will bless thee, as He promised thee; and thou shalt lend unto many nations, but thou shalt not borrow; and thou shalt rule over many nations, but they shall not rule over thee.
Deu 15:7  If there be among you a needy man, one of thy brethren, within any of thy gates, in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thy heart, nor shut thy hand from thy needy brother;
Deu 15:8  but thou shalt surely open thy hand unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need in that which he wanteth.
Deu 15:9  Beware that there be not a base thought in thy heart, saying: ‘The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand’; and thine eye be evil against thy needy brother, and thou give him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin in thee.
Deu 15:10  Thou shalt surely give him, and thy heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him; because that for this thing the LORD thy God will bless thee in all thy work, and in all that thou puttest thy hand unto.
Deu 15:11  For the poor shall never cease out of the land; therefore I command thee, saying: ‘Thou shalt surely open thy hand unto thy poor and needy brother, in thy land.’
Deu 15:12  If thy brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, he shall serve thee six years; and in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee.
Deu 15:13  And when thou lettest him go free from thee, thou shalt not let him go empty;
Deu 15:14  thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy threshing-floor, and out of thy winepress; of that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him.
Deu 15:15  And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee; therefore I command thee this thing to-day.
Deu 15:16  And it shall be, if he say unto thee: ‘I will not go out from thee’; because he loveth thee and thy house, because he fareth well with thee;
Deu 15:17  then thou shalt take an awl, and thrust it through his ear and into the door, and he shall be thy bondman for ever. And also unto thy bondwoman thou shalt do likewise.
Deu 15:18  It shall not seem hard unto thee, when thou lettest him go free from thee; for to the double of the hire of a hireling hath he served thee six years; and the LORD thy God will bless thee in all that thou doest.
Deu 15:19  All the firstling males that are born of thy herd and of thy flock thou shalt sanctify unto the LORD thy God; thou shalt do no work with the firstling of thine ox, nor shear the firstling of thy flock.
Deu 15:20  Thou shalt eat it before the LORD thy God year by year in the place which the LORD shall choose, thou and thy household.
Deu 15:21  And if there be any blemish therein, lameness, or blindness, any ill blemish whatsoever, thou shalt not sacrifice it unto the LORD thy God.
Deu 15:22  Thou shalt eat it within thy gates; the unclean and the clean may eat it alike, as the gazelle, and as the hart.
Deu 15:23  Only thou shalt not eat the blood thereof; thou shalt pour it out upon the ground as water.

Deuteronomy (Devaram) 16.1 – 17 (Shavuot, Day 2)

Deu 16:1  Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God; for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
Deu 16:2  And thou shalt sacrifice the passover-offering unto the LORD thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the LORD shall choose to cause His name to dwell there.
Deu 16:3  Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for in haste didst thou come forth out of the land of Egypt; that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
Deu 16:4  And there shall be no leaven seen with thee in all they borders seven days; neither shall any of the flesh, which thou sacrificest the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
Deu 16:5  Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover-offering within any of thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee;
Deu 16:6  but at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to cause His name to dwell in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover- offering at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
Deu 16:7  And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
Deu 16:8  Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread; and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD thy God; thou shalt do no work therein.

Deu 16:9  Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee; from the time the sickle is first put to the standing corn shalt thou begin to number seven weeks.
Deu 16:10  And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God after the measure of the freewill-offering of thy hand, which thou shalt give, according as the LORD thy God blesseth thee.
Deu 16:11  And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy maid- servant, and the Levite that is within they gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are in the midst of thee, in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there.
Deu 16:12  And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt; and thou shalt observe and do these statutes.

Deu 16:13  Thou shalt keep the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in from thy threshing-floor and from thy winepress.
Deu 16:14  And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, and the Levite, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.
Deu 16:15  Seven days shalt thou keep a feast unto the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD shall choose; because the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the work of thy hands, and thou shalt be altogether joyful.
Deu 16:16  Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which He shall choose; on the feast of unleavened bread, and on the feast of weeks, and on the feast of tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the LORD empty;
Deu 16:17  every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which He hath given thee.

Habakkuk (Havaqquq) 3.1 – 19 (Shavuot, Day 2)

Hab 3:1  A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet. Upon Shigionoth.
Hab 3:2  O LORD, I have heard the report of Thee, and am afraid; O LORD, revive Thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make it known; in wrath remember compassion.
Hab 3:3  God cometh from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covereth the heavens, and the earth is full of His praise.
Hab 3:4  And a brightness appeareth as the light; rays hath He at His side; and there is the hiding of His power.
Hab 3:5  Before him goeth the pestilence, and fiery bolts go forth at His feet.
Hab 3:6  He standeth, and shaketh the earth, He beholdeth, and maketh the nations to tremble; and the everlasting mountains are dashed in pieces, the ancient hills do bow; His goings are as of old.
Hab 3:7  I see the tents of Cushan in affliction; the curtains of the land of Midian do tremble.
Hab 3:8  Is it, O LORD, that against the rivers, is it that Thine anger is kindled against the rivers, or Thy wrath against the sea? that Thou dost ride upon Thy horses, upon Thy chariots of victory?
Hab 3:9  Thy bow is made quite bare; sworn are the rods of the word. Selah. Thou dost cleave the earth with rivers.
Hab 3:10  The mountains have seen Thee, and they tremble; the tempest of waters floweth over; the deep uttereth its voice, and lifteth up its hands on high.
Hab 3:11  The sun and moon stand still in their habitation; at the light of Thine arrows as they go, at the shining of Thy glittering spear.
Hab 3:12  Thou marchest through the earth in indignation, Thou threshest the nations in anger.
Hab 3:13  Thou art come forth for the deliverance of Thy people, for the deliverance of Thine anointed; Thou woundest the head out of the house of the wicked, uncovering the foundation even unto the neck. Selah
Hab 3:14  Thou hast stricken through with his own rods the head of his rulers, that come as a whirlwind to scatter me; whose rejoicing is as to devour the poor secretly.
Hab 3:15  Thou hast trodden the sea with Thy horses, the foaming of mighty waters.
Hab 3:16  When I heard, mine inward parts trembled, my lips quivered at the voice; rottenness entereth into my bones, and I tremble where I stand; that I should wait for the day of trouble, when he cometh up against the people that he invadeth.

Hab 3:17  For though the fig-tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no food; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls;
Hab 3:18  Yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will exult in the God of my salvation.
Hab 3:19  God, the Lord, is my strength, and He maketh my feet like hinds’ feet, and He maketh me to walk upon my high places. For the Leader. With my string-music.

Ruth 1.1 – (Shavuot, Megilla)

Rth 1:1  And it came to pass in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Beth- lehem in Judah went to sojourn in the field of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.
Rth 1:2  And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Beth-lehem in Judah. And they came into the field of Moab, and continued there.
Rth 1:3  And Elimelech Naomi’s husband died; and she was left, and her two sons.
Rth 1:4  And they took them wives of the women of Moab: the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth; and they dwelt there about ten years.
Rth 1:5  And Mahlon and Chilion died both of them; and the woman was left of her two children and of her husband.

Rth 1:6  Then she arose with her daughters-in-law, that she might return from the field of Moab; for she had heard in the field of Moab how that the LORD had remembered His people in giving them bread.
Rth 1:7  And she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah.
Rth 1:8  And Naomi said unto her two daughters-in-law: ‘Go, return each of you to her mother’s house; the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me.
Rth 1:9  The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband.’ Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept.
Rth 1:10  And they said unto her: ‘Nay, but we will return with thee unto thy people.’
Rth 1:11  And Naomi said: ‘Turn back, my daughters; why will ye go with me? have I yet sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
Rth 1:12  Turn back, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say: I have hope, should I even have an husband to-night, and also bear sons;
Rth 1:13  would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye shut yourselves off for them and have no husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes, for the hand of the LORD is gone forth against me.’
Rth 1:14  And they lifted up their voice, and wept again; and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law; but Ruth cleaved unto her.
Rth 1:15  And she said: ‘Behold, thy sister-in-law is gone back unto her people, and unto her god; return thou after thy sister-in- law.’
Rth 1:16  And Ruth said: ‘Entreat me not to leave thee, and to return from following after thee; for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge; thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God;
Rth 1:17  where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried; the LORD do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part thee and me.’
Rth 1:18  And when she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, she left off speaking unto her.

Rth 1:19  So they two went until they came to Beth-lehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Beth-lehem, that all the city was astir concerning them, and the women said: ‘Is this Naomi?’
Rth 1:20  And she said unto them: ‘Call me not Naomi, call me Marah; for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.
Rth 1:21  I went out full, and the LORD hath brought me back home empty; why call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me?’
Rth 1:22  So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the field of Moab – and they came to Beth-lehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Ruth 2.1 – 23 (Shavuot, Megilla)

Rth 2:1  And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband’s, a mighty man of valour, of the family of Elimelech, and his name was Boaz.
Rth 2:2  And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi: ‘Let me now go to the field, and glean among the ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find favour.’ And she said unto her: ‘Go, my daughter.’
Rth 2:3  And she went, and came and gleaned in the field after the reapers; and her hap was to light on the portion of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the family of Elimelech.
Rth 2:4  And, behold, Boaz came from Beth-lehem, and said unto the reapers: ‘The LORD be with you.’ And they answered him: ‘The LORD bless thee.’
Rth 2:5  Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers: ‘Whose damsel is this?’
Rth 2:6  And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said: ‘It is a Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the field of Moab;
Rth 2:7  and she said: Let me glean, I pray you, and gather after the reapers among the sheaves; so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, save that she tarried a little in the house.’
Rth 2:8  Then said Boaz unto Ruth: ‘Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither pass from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens.
Rth 2:9  Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them; have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn.’
Rth 2:10  Then she fell on her face, and bowed down to the ground, and said unto him: ‘Why have I found favour in thy sight, that thou shouldest take cognizance of me, seeing I am a foreigner?’
Rth 2:11  And Boaz answered and said unto her: ‘It hath fully been told me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother-in-law since the death of thy husband; and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people that thou knewest not heretofore.
Rth 2:12  The LORD recompense thy work, and be thy reward complete from the LORD, the God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to take refuge.’
Rth 2:13  Then she said: ‘Let me find favour in thy sight, my LORD; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken to the heart of thy handmaid, though I be not as one of thy handmaidens.’
Rth 2:14  And Boaz said unto her at meal-time: ‘Come hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar.’ And she sat beside the reapers; and they reached her parched corn, and she did eat and was satisfied, and left thereof.
Rth 2:15  And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying: ‘Let her glean even among the sheaves, and put her not to shame.
Rth 2:16  And also pull out some for her of purpose from the bundles, and leave it, and let her glean, and rebuke her not.’
Rth 2:17  So she gleaned in the field until even; and she beat out that which she had gleaned, and it was about an ephah of barley.
Rth 2:18  And she took it up, and went into the city; and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned; and she brought forth and gave to her that which she had left after she was satisfied.
Rth 2:19  And her mother-in-law said unto her: ‘Where hast thou gleaned to-day? and where wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee.’ And she told her mother-in-law with whom she had wrought, and said: ‘The man’s name with whom I wrought to-day is Boaz.’
Rth 2:20  And Naomi said unto her daughter-in-law: ‘Blessed be he of the LORD, who hath not left off His kindness to the living and to the dead.’ And Naomi said unto her: ‘The man is nigh of kin unto us, one of our near kinsmen.’
Rth 2:21  And Ruth the Moabitess said: ‘Yea, he said unto me: Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all my harvest.’
Rth 2:22  And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter-in-law: ‘It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, and that thou be not met in any other field.’
Rth 2:23  So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.

Ruth 3.1 – 18 (Shavuot, Megilla)

Rth 3:1  And Naomi her mother-in-law said unto her: ‘My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee?
Rth 3:2  And now is there not Boaz our kinsman, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor.
Rth 3:3  Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the threshing-floor; but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking.
Rth 3:4  And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do.’
Rth 3:5  And she said unto her: ‘All that thou sayest unto me I will do.’
Rth 3:6  And she went down unto the threshing-floor, and did according to all that her mother-in-law bade her.
Rth 3:7  And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn; and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.
Rth 3:8  And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was startled, and turned himself; and, behold, a woman lay at his feet.
Rth 3:9  And he said: ‘Who art thou?’ And she answered: ‘I am Ruth thine handmaid; spread therefore thy skirt over thy handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman.’
Rth 3:10  And he said: ‘Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter; thou hast shown more kindness in the end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou didst not follow the young men, whether poor or rich.
Rth 3:11  And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou sayest; for all the men in the gate of my people do know that thou art a virtuous woman.
Rth 3:12  And now it is true that I am a near kinsman; howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I.
Rth 3:13  Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part; but if he be not willing to do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth; lie down until the morning.’
Rth 3:14  And she lay at his feet until the morning; and she rose up before one could discern another. For he said: ‘Let it not be known that the woman came to the threshing-floor.’
Rth 3:15  And he said: ‘Bring the mantle that is upon thee, and hold it’; and she held it; and he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her; and he went into the city.
Rth 3:16  And when she came to her mother-in-law, she said: ‘Who art thou, my daughter?’ And she told her all that the man had done to her.
Rth 3:17  And she said: ‘These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me: Go not empty unto thy mother-in-law.’
Rth 3:18  Then said she: ‘Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall; for the man will not rest, until he have finished the thing this day.’

Ruth 4.1 – 22 (Shavuot, Megilla)

Rth 4:1  Now Boaz went up to the gate, and sat him down there; and, behold, the near kinsman of whom Boaz spoke came by; unto whom he said: ‘Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here.’ And he turned aside, and sat down.
Rth 4:2  And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said: ‘Sit ye down here.’ And they sat down.
Rth 4:3  And he said unto the near kinsman: ‘Naomi, that is come back out of the field of Moab, selleth the parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech’s;
Rth 4:4  and I thought to disclose it unto thee, saying: Buy it before them that sit here, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it; but if it will not be redeemed, then tell me, that I may know; for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee.’ And he said: ‘I will redeem it.’
Rth 4:5  Then said Boaz: ‘What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi – hast thou also bought of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance?’
Rth 4:6  And the near kinsman said: ‘I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance; take thou my right of redemption on thee; for I cannot redeem it.’ –
Rth 4:7  Now this was the custom in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning exchanging, to confirm all things: a man drew off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour; and this was the attestation in Israel. –
Rth 4:8  So the near kinsman said unto Boaz: ‘Buy it for thyself.’ And he drew off his shoe.
Rth 4:9  And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people: ‘Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi.
Rth 4:10  Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I acquired to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place; ye are witnesses this day.’
Rth 4:11  And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said: ‘We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thy house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel; and do thou worthily in Ephrath, and be famous in Beth-lehem;
Rth 4:12  and let thy house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.’

Rth 4:13  So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and he went in unto her, and the LORD gave her conception, and she bore a son.
Rth 4:14  And the women said unto Naomi: ‘Blessed be the LORD, who hath not left thee this day without a near kinsman, and let his name be famous in Israel.
Rth 4:15  And he shall be unto thee a restorer of life, and a nourisher of thine old age; for thy daughter-in-law, who loveth thee, who is better to thee than seven sons, hath borne him.’
Rth 4:16  And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.
Rth 4:17  And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying: ‘There is a son born to Naomi’; and they called his name Obed; he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.

Rth 4:18  Now these are the generations of Perez: Perez begot Hezron;
Rth 4:19  and Hezron begot Ram, and Ram begot Amminadab;
Rth 4:20  and Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon;
Rth 4:21  and Salmon begot Boaz, and Boaz begot Obed;
Rth 4:22  and Obed begot Jesse, and Jesse begot David.

Acts 2.1-41 (Shavuot, Renewed Covenant)

Act 2:1  When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place.
Act 2:2  And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting.
Act 2:3  And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them.
Act 2:4  And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.
Act 2:5  Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven.
Act 2:6  And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one was hearing them speak in his own language.
Act 2:7  And they were amazed and astonished, saying, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans?
Act 2:8  And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language?
Act 2:9  Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,
Act 2:10  Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome,
Act 2:11  both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians—we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God.”
Act 2:12  And all were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean?”
Act 2:13  But others mocking said, “They are filled with new wine.”

Act 2:14  But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them: “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words.
Act 2:15  For these people are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day.
Act 2:16  But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel:
Act 2:17  “‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams;
Act 2:18  even on my male servants and female servants in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophesy.
Act 2:19  And I will show wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below, blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke;
Act 2:20  the sun shall be turned to darkness and the moon to blood, before the day of the Lord comes, the great and magnificent day.
Act 2:21  And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.’
Act 2:22  “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know—
Act 2:23  this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men.
Act 2:24  God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it.
Act 2:25  For David says concerning him, “‘I saw the Lord always before me, for he is at my right hand that I may not be shaken;
Act 2:26  therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced; my flesh also will dwell in hope.
Act 2:27  For you will not abandon my soul to Hades, or let your Holy One see corruption.
Act 2:28  You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of gladness with your presence.’
Act 2:29  “Brothers, I may say to you with confidence about the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.
Act 2:30  Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne,
Act 2:31  he foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.
Act 2:32  This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses.
Act 2:33  Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing.
Act 2:34  For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says, “‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand,
Act 2:35  until I make your enemies your footstool.”’
Act 2:36  Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”
Act 2:37  Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”
Act 2:38  And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
Act 2:39  For the promise is for you and for your children and for all who are far off, everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself.”
Act 2:40  And with many other words he bore witness and continued to exhort them, saying, “Save yourselves from this crooked generation.”
Act 2:41  So those who received his word were baptized, and there were added that day about three thousand souls.

Also mentioned in Acts 20.6 & 1 Cor 16.8

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