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Numbers

KJV
1 And the Lord spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,

2 Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and ye shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them.

3 And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts.

4 And the suburbs of the cities, which ye shall give unto the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the city and outward a thousand cubits round about.

5 And ye shall measure from without the city on the east side two thousand cubits, and on the south side two thousand cubits, and on the west side two thousand cubits, and on the north side two thousand cubits; and the city shall be in the midst: this shall be to them the suburbs of the cities.

6 And among the cities which ye shall give unto the Levites there shall be six cities for refuge, which ye shall appoint for the manslayer, that he may flee thither: and to them ye shall add forty and two cities.

7 So all the cities which ye shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight cities: them shall ye give with their suburbs.

8 And the cities which ye shall give shall be of the possession of the children of Israel: from them that have many ye shall give many; but from them that have few ye shall give few: every one shall give of his cities unto the Levites according to his inheritance which he inheriteth.

9 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come over Jordan into the land of Canaan;

11 Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares.

12 And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgment.

13 And of these cities which ye shall give six cities shall ye have for refuge.

14 Ye shall give three cities on this side Jordan, and three cities shall ye give in the land of Canaan, which shall be cities of refuge.

15 These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger, and for the sojourner among them: that every one that killeth any person unawares may flee thither.

16 And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

17 And if he smite him with throwing a stone, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

18 Or if he smite him with an hand weapon of wood, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

19 The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meeteth him, he shall slay him.

20 But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die;

21 Or in enmity smite him with his hand, that he die: he that smote him shall surely be put to death; for he is a murderer: the revenger of blood shall slay the murderer, when he meeteth him.

22 But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait,

23 Or with any stone, wherewith a man may die, seeing him not, and cast it upon him, that he die, and was not his enemy, neither sought his harm:

24 Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the revenger of blood according to these judgments:

25 And the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled: and he shall abide in it unto the death of the high priest, which was anointed with the holy oil.

26 But if the slayer shall at any time come without the border of the city of his refuge, whither he was fled;

27 And the revenger of blood find him without the borders of the city of his refuge, and the revenger of blood kill the slayer; he shall not be guilty of blood:

28 Because he should have remained in the city of his refuge until the death of the high priest: but after the death of the high priest the slayer shall return into the land of his possession.

29 So these things shall be for a statute of judgment unto you throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

30 Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses: but one witness shall not testify against any person to cause him to die.

31 Moreover ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death: but he shall be surely put to death.

32 And ye shall take no satisfaction for him that is fled to the city of his refuge, that he should come again to dwell in the land, until the death of the priest.

33 So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are: for blood it defileth the land: and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.

34 Defile not therefore the land which ye shall inhabit, wherein I dwell: for I the Lord dwell among the children of Israel.

1917 Tanakh
1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, saying: 2‘ Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and open land round about the cities shall ye give unto the Levites. 3 And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and their open land shall be for their cattle, and for their substance, and for all their beasts. 4 And the open land about the cities, which ye shall give unto the Levites, shall be from the wall of the city and outward a thousand cubits round about. 5 And ye shall measure without the city for the east side two thousand cubits, and for the south side two thousand cubits, and for the west side two thousand cubits, and for the north side two thousand cubits, the city being in the midst. This shall be to them the open land about the cities. 6 And the cities which ye shall give unto the Levites, they shall be the six cities of refuge, which ye shall give for the manslayer to flee thither; and beside them ye shall give forty and two cities. 7 All the cities which ye shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight cities: them shall ye give with the open land about them. 8 And concerning the cities which ye shall give of the possession of the children of Israel, from the many ye shall take many, and from the few ye shall take few; each tribe according to its inheritance which it inheriteth shall give of its cities unto the Levites.’

9 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 10 ‘Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 11 then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer that killeth any person through error may flee thither. 12 And the cities shall be unto you for refuge from the avenger, that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation for judgment. 13 And as to the cities which ye shall give, there shall be for you six cities of refuge. 14 Ye shall give three cities beyond the Jordan, and three cities shall ye give in the land of Canaan; they shall be cities of refuge. 15 For the children of Israel, and for the stranger and for the settler among them, shall these six cities be for refuge, that every one that killeth any person through error may flee thither. 16 But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death. 17 And if he smote him with a stone in the hand, whereby a man may die, and he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death. 18 Or if he smote him with a weapon of wood in the hand, whereby a man may die, and he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death. 19 The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death; when he meeteth him, he shall put him to death. 20 And if he thrust him of hatred, or hurled at him any thing, lying in wait, so that he died; 21 or in enmity smote him with his hand, that he died; he that smote him shall surely be put to death: he is a murderer; the avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death when he meeteth him. 22 But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled upon him any thing without lying in wait, 23 or with any stone, whereby a man may die, seeing him not, and cast it upon him, so that he died, and he was not his enemy, neither sought his harm; 24 then the congregation shall judge between the smiter and the avenger of blood according to these ordinances; 25 and the congregation shall deliver the manslayer out of the hand of the avenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to his city of refuge, whither he was fled; and he shall dwell therein until the death of the high priest, who was anointed with the holy oil. 26 But if the manslayer shall at any time go beyond the border of his city of refuge, whither he fleeth; 27 and the avenger of blood find him without the border of his city of refuge, and the avenger of blood slay the manslayer; there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him; 28 because he must remain in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest; but after the death of the high priest the manslayer may return into the land of his possession. 29 And these things shall be for a statute of judgment unto you throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 30 Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be slain at the mouth of witnesses; but one witness shall not testify against any person that he die. 31 Moreover ye shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer, that is guilty of death; but he shall surely be put to death. 32 And ye shall take no ransom for him that is fled to his city of refuge, that he should come again to dwell in the land, until the death of the priest. 33 So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are; for blood, it polluteth the land; and no expiation can be made for the land for the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it. 34 And thou shalt not defile the land which ye inhabit, in the midst of which I dwell; for I the LORD dwell in the midst of the children of Israel.’

numbers 34

Numbers 34 B’midbar Outline:(vv 1,2)HaShem speaks to Moshe about Land of Canaan (vv 3-5) Southern border (v 6) Western border (vv 7-9) Northern border (vv 10-12) Eastern border (vv 13-15) Moshe speaks to Israel about land (vv 16-29) HaShem speaks to Moshe about the land inheritance given to each tribal prince

Numbers 34 Verses
KJV
1 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

2 Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land of Canaan; (this is the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance, even the land of Canaan with the coasts thereof:)

3 Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward:

4 And your border shall turn from the south to the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass on to Zin: and the going forth thereof shall be from the south to Kadeshbarnea, and shall go on to Hazaraddar, and pass on to Azmon:

5 And the border shall fetch a compass from Azmon unto the river of Egypt, and the goings out of it shall be at the sea.

6 And as for the western border, ye shall even have the great sea for a border: this shall be your west border.

7 And this shall be your north border: from the great sea ye shall point out for you mount Hor:

8 From mount Hor ye shall point out your border unto the entrance of Hamath; and the goings forth of the border shall be to Zedad:

9 And the border shall go on to Ziphron, and the goings out of it shall be at Hazarenan: this shall be your north border.

10 And ye shall point out your east border from Hazarenan to Shepham:

11 And the coast shall go down from Shepham to Riblah, on the east side of Ain; and the border shall descend, and shall reach unto the side of the sea of Chinnereth eastward:

12 And the border shall go down to Jordan, and the goings out of it shall be at the salt sea: this shall be your land with the coasts thereof round about.

13 And Moses commanded the children of Israel, saying, This is the land which ye shall inherit by lot, which the Lord commanded to give unto the nine tribes, and to the half tribe:

14 For the tribe of the children of Reuben according to the house of their fathers, and the tribe of the children of Gad according to the house of their fathers, have received their inheritance; and half the tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance:

15 The two tribes and the half tribe have received their inheritance on this side Jordan near Jericho eastward, toward the sunrising.

16 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

17 These are the names of the men which shall divide the land unto you: Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun.

18 And ye shall take one prince of every tribe, to divide the land by inheritance.

19 And the names of the men are these: Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb 1 the son of Jephunneh 2.

20 And of the tribe of the children of Simeon, Shemuel 3 the son of Ammihud 4.

21 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad 5 the son of Chislon 6.

22 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Dan, Bukki 7 the son of Jogli 8.

23 The prince of the children of Joseph, for the tribe of the children of Manasseh, Hanniel 9 the son of Ephod 10.

24 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Ephraim, Kemuel 11 the son of Shiphtan 12.

25 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Zebulun, Elizaphan 13 the son of Parnach 14.

26 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Issachar, Paltiel 15 the son of Azzan 16.

27 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Asher, Ahihud 17 the son of Shelomi 18.

28 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Naphtali, Pedahel 19 the son of Ammihud 20.

29 These are they whom the Lord commanded to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel in the land of Canaan.
1917 Tanakh
1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 ‘Command the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye come into the land of Canaan, this shall be the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance, even the land of Canaan according to the borders thereof. 3 Thus your south side shall be from the wilderness of Zin close by the side of Edom, and your south border shall begin at the end of the Salt Sea eastward; 4 and your border shall turn about southward of the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass along to Zin; and the goings out thereof shall be southward of Kadesh-barnea; and it shall go forth to Hazar-addar, and pass along to Azmon; 5 and the border shall turn about from Azmon unto the Brook of Egypt, and the goings out thereof shall be at the Sea. 6 And for the western border, ye shall have the Great Sea for a border; this shall be your west border. 7 And this shall be your north border: from the Great Sea ye shall mark out your line unto mount Hor; 8 from mount Hor ye shall mark out a line unto the entrance to Hamath; and the goings out of the border shall be at Zedad; 9 and the border shall go forth to Ziphron, and the goings out thereof shall be at Hazar-enan; this shall be your north border. 10 And ye shall mark out your line for the east border from Hazar-enan to Shepham; 11 and the border shall go down from Shepham to Riblah, on the east side of Ain; and the border shall go down, and shall strike upon the slope of the sea of Chinnereth eastward; 12 and the border shall go down to the Jordan, and the goings out thereof shall be at the Salt Sea; this shall be your land according to the borders thereof round about.’

13 And Moses commanded the children of Israel, saying: ‘This is the land wherein ye shall receive inheritance by lot, which the LORD hath commanded to give unto the nine tribes, and to the half-tribe; 14 for the tribe of the children of Reuben according to their fathers’ houses, and the tribe of the children of Gad according to their fathers’ houses, have received, and the half-tribe of Manasseh have received, their inheritance; 15 the two tribes and the half-tribe have received their inheritance beyond the Jordan at Jericho eastward, toward the sun-rising.’

16 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 17 ‘These are the names of the men that shall take possession of the land for you: Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun. 18 And ye shall take one prince of every tribe, to take possession of the land. 19 And these are the names of the men: of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 20 And of the tribe of the children of Simeon, Shemuel the son of Ammihud. 21 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son of Chislon. 22 And of the tribe of the children of Dan a prince, Bukki the son of Jogli. 23 Of the children of Joseph: of the tribe of the children of Manasseh a prince, Hanniel the son of Ephod; 24 and of the tribe of the children of Ephraim a prince, Kemuel the son of Shiphtan. 25 And of the tribe of the children of Zebulun a prince, Eli-zaphan the son of Parnach. 26 And of the tribe of the children of Issachar a prince, Paltiel the son of Azzan. 27 And of the tribe of the children of Asher a prince, Ahihud the son of Shelomi. 28And of the tribe of the children of Naphtali a prince, Pedahel the son of Ammihud. 29These are they whom the LORD commanded to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel in the land of Canaan.’

CopyrightNu 34 VersesNu. Chapters

Notes:

  1. Numbers 34:19 B’midbarCaleb Hebrew Kaleb כָּלֵב Strongs 3612 appears 35x. Nabataean proper name. From keleb כָּ֫לֶב Strongs 3611 appears 32x. means “dogs”
  2. Numbers 34:19 B’midbarJephunneh Hebrew Yephunnehיְפֻנֶּה Strongs 3312 appears 16x from prime root “panahפָּנָה Strongs #6437 appears 135x means “turn” or “to turn”
  3. Numbers 34:20 B’midbarShemuel Hebrew Shemuel שְׁמוּאֵל Strongs 8050 appears 140x means “name of God” or “name of El” from “shem” and “el” translated as “Samuel”
  4. Numbers 34:20 B’midbarAmmihud Hebrew Ammihud עַמִּיהוּד Strongs 5989 appears 9x means “my kinsman is majesty” from “am” and “hod”
  5. Numbers 34:21 B’midbarElidad Hebrew Elidad Same as Eldad אֱלִידָ֖ד Strongs 449 appears only here means “God has loved”
  6. Numbers 34:21 B’midbarChislon Hebrew Kislon כִּסְלוֹן Strongs 3692 appear only here derives from prime root kasal כָּסַל Strongs 3688 appears 1x means “foolish” or “to become stupid” – Jeremiah 10:8 KJV But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock [is] a doctrine of vanities.
  7. Numbers 34:22 B’midbarBukki Hebrew Buqqi בֻּקִּי Strongs 1231 appears 5x short form of Buqqiyyahu בֻּקִּיָּ֫הוּ means “proved of Yah” appears 2x
  8. Numbers 34:22 B’midbarJogli Hebrew Yogli יָגְלִי Strongs 3020 appears 1x means (perhaps) “led into exile,” from a prime root galah Strongs 1540 appears 185x means “to uncover, remove”
  9. Numbers 34:23 B’midbarHanniel Hebrew Channiel חַנִּיאֵל Strongs 2592 appears 2x means “favor of God” from chanan and el
  10. Numbers 34:23 B’midbarEphod Hebrew Ephod אֵפֹד Strongs 641 appears 1x (only here) means “ephod” same as ephod אֵפוֹד Strongs 646 appears 49x
  11. Numbers 34:24 B’midbarKemuel Hebrew Qemuel קְמוּאֵ֖ל Strongs 7055 appears 3x means ? of uncertain derivation
  12. Numbers 34:24 B’midbarShiphtan Hebrew Shiphtan שִׁפְטָן Strongs 8204 appears 1x (only here) means “judgment” comes from shaphat שָׁפַט Strongs 8199 appears 203x means ” to judge, govern”
  13. Numbers 34:25 B’midbarElizaphan Hebrew Elitsaphan or Eltsaphanאֱלִיצָפָן Strongs 469 appears 6x means “God has protected”
  14. Numbers 34:25 B’midbarParnach Hebrew Parnakפַּרְנָך Strongs 6536 appears 1x (only here) means a man of Zebulun uncertain derivation
  15. Numbers 34:26 B’midbarPaltiel Hebrew Paltiel פַּלְטִיאֵל Strongs 6409 appears 2x means “deliverance of God” from prime root palat פָּלַט Strongs 6403 appears 25x means “to escape” or “deliver”
  16. Numbers 34:26 B’midbarAzzan Hebrew Azzan עַזָּן Strongs 5821 appears 1x (only here) means “strong” comes from the prime root azaz Strongs 5810 appears 12x means “”prevail” or “to be strong”
  17. Numbers 34:27 B’midbarAhihud Hebrew Achihud אֲחִיהוּד Strongs 282 appears 1x (only here) means “brother of majesty” comes from ach and hod
  18. Numbers 34:27 B’midbarShelomi Hebrew Shelomi שְׁלֹמִי Strongs 8015 appears 1x (only here) means “an Asherite” comes from shalam שָׁלַם Strongs 7999 appears 116x and means “amends” or “complete or sound”
  19. Numbers 34:28 B’midbarPedahel Hebrew Pedahel פְּדַהְאֵל Strongs 6300 appears 1x (only here) means “God has ransomed” comes from padahand el
  20. Numbers 34:28 B’midbarAmmihud Hebrew Ammihud עַמִּיהוּד Strongs 5989 appears 9x means “my kinsman is majesty” comes from am and hod
Numbers 33

Numbers 33 B’midbar Outline: (v 1) Children of Israel leaves Egypt (vv 2,3) Israel’s journey’s begins (v 4) Egyptians bury their firstborn (vv 5 – 37) The 32 stations of Israel’s journey (vv 38,39) Aaron dies at Mount Hor (vv 40 – 49) Remaining 10 station of Israel’s Journey (vv 50 – 56) HaShem speaks to Moshe about the Land inheritance and driving out the inhabitants, Warns them about not accomplish this task.

Numbers 33 B’midbar:
Parshah Massey Begins

parshah-massey

KJV
1 These are the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.

2 And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the Lord: and these are their journeys according to their goings out.

3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.

4 For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the Lord had smitten among them: upon their gods also the Lord executed judgments.

5 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.

6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.

7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol.

8 And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days’journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah.

9 And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim: and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; and they pitched there.

10 And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea.

11 And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin.

12 And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah.

13 And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush.

14 And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink.

15 And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.

16 And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibrothhattaavah.

17 And they departed from Kibrothhattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth.

18 And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithmah.

19 And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmonparez.

20 And they departed from Rimmonparez, and pitched in Libnah.

21 And they removed from Libnah, and pitched at Rissah.

22 And they journeyed from Rissah, and pitched in Kehelathah.

23 And they went from Kehelathah, and pitched in mount Shapher.

24 And they removed from mount Shapher, and encamped in Haradah.

25 And they removed from Haradah, and pitched in Makheloth.

26 And they removed from Makheloth, and encamped at Tahath.

27 And they departed from Tahath, and pitched at Tarah.

28 And they removed from Tarah, and pitched in Mithcah.

29 And they went from Mithcah, and pitched in Hashmonah.

30 And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth.

31 And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Benejaakan.

32 And they removed from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad.

33 And they went from Horhagidgad, and pitched in Jotbathah.

34 And they removed from Jotbathah, and encamped at Ebronah.

35 And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Eziongaber.

36 And they removed from Eziongaber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh.

37 And they removed from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.

38 And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the Lord, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month.

39 And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old when he died in mount Hor.

40 And king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel.

41 And they departed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmonah.

42 And they departed from Zalmonah, and pitched in Punon.

43 And they departed from Punon, and pitched in Oboth.

44 And they departed from Oboth, and pitched in Ijeabarim, in the border of Moab.

45 And they departed from Iim, and pitched in Dibongad.

46 And they removed from Dibongad, and encamped in Almondiblathaim.

47 And they removed from Almondiblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo.

48 And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.

49 And they pitched by Jordan, from Bethjesimoth even unto Abelshittim in the plains of Moab.

50 And the Lord spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,

51 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan;

52 Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places:

53 And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein: for I have given you the land to possess it.

54 And ye shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer ye shall give the less inheritance: every man’s inheritance shall be in the place where his lot falleth; according to the tribes of your fathers ye shall inherit.

55 But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell.

56 Moreover it shall come to pass, that I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.

1917 Tanakh
1 These are the stages of the children of Israel, by which they went forth out of the land of Egypt by their hosts under the hand of Moses and Aaron.

2 And Moses wrote their goings forth, stage by stage, by the commandment of the LORD; and these are their stages at their goings forth. 3 And they journeyed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians, 4 while the Egyptians were burying them that the LORD had smitten among them, even all their first-born; upon their gods also the LORD executed judgments. 5 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth. 6 And they journeyed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness. 7 And they journeyed from Etham, and turned back unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baal-zephon; and they pitched before Migdol. 8 And they journeyed from Penehahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness; and they went three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah. 9 And they journeyed from Marah, and came unto Elim; and in Elim were twelve springs of water, and threescore and ten palm-trees; and they pitched there. 10 And they journeyed from Elim, and pitched by the Red Sea. 11 And they journeyed from the Red Sea, and pitched in the wilderness of Sin. 12 And they journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, and pitched in Dophkah. 13 And they journeyed from Dophkah, and pitched in Alush. 14 And they journeyed from Alush, and pitched in Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink. 15 And they journeyed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai. 16And they journeyed from the wilderness of Sinai, and pitched in Kibroth-hattaavah. 17 And they journeyed from Kibroth-hattaavah, and pitched in Hazeroth. 18 And they journeyed from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithmah. 19 And they journeyed from Rithmah, and pitched in Rimmon-perez. 20 And they journeyed from Rimmon-perez, and pitched in Libnah. 21 And they journeyed from Libnah, and pitched in Rissah. 22 And they journeyed from Rissah, and pitched in Kehelah. 23 And they journeyed from Kehelah, and pitched in mount Shepher. 24 And they journeyed from mount Shepher, and pitched in Haradah. 25 And they journeyed from Haradah, and pitched in Makheloth. 26 And they journeyed from Makheloth, and pitched in Tahath. 27 And they journeyed from Tahath, and pitched in Terah. 28 And they journeyed from Terah, and pitched in Mithkah. 29 And they journeyed from Mithkah, and pitched in Hashmonah. 30 And they journeyed from Hashmonah, and pitched in Moseroth. 31 And they journeyed from Moseroth, and pitched in Bene-jaakan. 32 And they journeyed from Bene-jaakan, and pitched in Hor-haggidgad. 33And they journeyed from Hor-haggidgad, and pitched in Jotbah. 34 And they journeyed from Jotbah, and pitched in Abronah. 35 And they journeyed from Abronah, and pitched in Ezion-geber. 36 And they journeyed from Ezion-geber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin—the same is Kadesh. 37 And they journeyed from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.— 38 And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the LORD, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fifth month, on the first day of the month. 39 And Aaron was a hundred and twenty and three years old when he died in mount Hor. 40 And the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the South in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel.— 41 And they journeyed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmonah. 42 And they journeyed from Zalmonah, and pitched in Punon. 43 And they journeyed from Punon, and pitched in Oboth. 44And they journeyed from Oboth, and pitched in Ije-abarim, in the border of Moab. 45 And they journeyed from Ijim, and pitched in Dibon-gad. 46 And they journeyed from Dibon-gad, and pitched in Almon-diblathaim. 47 And they journeyed from Almon-diblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, in front of Nebo. 48 And they journeyed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. 49And they pitched by the Jordan, from Beth-jeshimoth even unto Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab.

50 And the LORD spoke unto Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, saying: 51 ‘Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 52then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their figured stones, and destroy all their molten images, and demolish all their high places. 53 And ye shall drive out the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein; for unto you have I given the land to possess it. 54 And ye shall inherit the land by lot according to your families—to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer thou shalt give the less inheritance; wheresoever the lot falleth to any man, that shall be his; according to the tribes of your fathers shall ye inherit. 55 But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then shall those that ye let remain of them be as thorns in your eyes, and as pricks in your sides, and they shall harass you in the land wherein ye dwell. 56 And it shall come to pass, that as I thought to do unto them, so will I do unto you.

KJV
1 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place was a place for cattle;

2 The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spake unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying,

3 Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon,

4 Even the country which the Lord smote before the congregation of Israel, is a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle:

5 Wherefore, said they, if we have found grace in thy sight, let this land be given unto thy servants for a possession, and bring us not over Jordan.

6 And Moses said unto the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben, Shall your brethren go to war, and shall ye sit here?

7 And wherefore discourage ye the heart of the children of Israel from going over into the land which the Lord hath given them?

8 Thus did your fathers, when I sent them from Kadeshbarnea to see the land.

9 For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which the Lord had given them.

10 And the Lord’S anger was kindled the same time, and he sware, saying,

11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me:

12 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the Lord.

13 And the Lord’S anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the Lord, was consumed.

14 And, behold, ye are risen up in your fathers’ stead, an increase of sinful men, to augment yet the fierce anger of the Lord toward Israel.

15 For if ye turn away from after him, he will yet again leave them in the wilderness; and ye shall destroy all this people.

16 And they came near unto him, and said, We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones:

17 But we ourselves will go ready armed before the children of Israel, until we have brought them unto their place: and our little ones shall dwell in the fenced cities because of the inhabitants of the land.

18 We will not return unto our houses, until the children of Israel have inherited every man his inheritance.

19 For we will not inherit with them on yonder side Jordan, or forward; because our inheritance is fallen to us on this side Jordan eastward.

20 And Moses said unto them, If ye will do this thing, if ye will go armed before the Lord to war,

21 And will go all of you armed over Jordan before the Lord, until he hath driven out his enemies from before him,

22 And the land be subdued before the Lord: then afterward ye shall return, and be guiltless before the Lord, and before Israel; and this land shall be your possession before the Lord.

23 But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned against the Lord: and be sure your sin will find you out.

24 Build you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and do that which hath proceeded out of your mouth.

25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spake unto Moses, saying, Thy servants will do as my lord commandeth.

26 Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities of Gilead:

27 But thy servants will pass over, every man armed for war, before the Lord to battle, as my lord saith.

28 So concerning them Moses commanded Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the chief fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel:

29 And Moses said unto them, If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben will pass with you over Jordan, every man armed to battle, before the Lord, and the land shall be subdued before you; then ye shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession:

30 But if they will not pass over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.

31 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered, saying, As the Lord hath said unto thy servants, so will we do.

32 We will pass over armed before the Lord into the land of Canaan, that the possession of our inheritance on this side Jordan may be our’s.

33 And Moses gave unto them, even to the children of Gad, and to the children of Reuben, and unto half the tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land, with the cities thereof in the coasts, even the cities of the country round about.

34 And the children of Gad built Dibon, and Ataroth, and Aroer,

35 And Atroth, Shophan, and Jaazer, and Jogbehah,

36 And Bethnimrah, and Bethharan, fenced cities: and folds for sheep.

37 And the children of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim,

38 And Nebo, and Baalmeon, (their names being changed,) and Shibmah: and gave other names unto the cities which they builded.

39 And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorite which was in it.

40 And Moses gave Gilead unto Machir the son of Manasseh; and he dwelt therein.

41 And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the small towns thereof, and called them Havothjair.

42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name.

1911 Tankh
1 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle; and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place was a place for cattle, 2 the children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spoke unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying: 3‘Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Sebam, and Nebo, and Beon, 4 the land which the Lord smote before the congregation of Israel, is a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle.’ 5 And they said: ‘If we have found favour in thy sight, let this land be given unto thy servants for a possession; bring us not over the Jordan.’ 6 And Moses said unto the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben: ‘Shall your brethren go to the war, and shall ye sit here? 7 And wherefore will ye turn away the heart of the children of Israel from going over into the land which the Lord hath given them? 8 Thus did your fathers, when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land. 9 For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they turned away the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which the Lord had given them. 10 And the Lord’s anger was kindled in that day, and He swore, saying: 11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I swore unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed Me; 12 save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, and Joshua the son of Nun; because they have wholly followed the Lord. 13 And the Lord’s anger was kindled against Israel, and He made them wander to and fro in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the Lord, was consumed. 14 And, behold, ye are risen up in your fathers’stead, a brood of sinful men, to augment yet the fierce anger of the Lord toward Israel. 15For if ye turn away from after Him, He will yet again leave them in the wilderness; and so ye will destroy all this people.’

¶ 16 And they came near unto him, and said: ‘We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones; 17 but we ourselves will be ready armed to go before the children of Israel, until we have brought them unto their place; and our little ones shall dwell in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land. 18We will not return unto our houses, until the children of Israel have inherited every man his inheritance. 19 For we will not inherit with them on the other side of the Jordan, and forward, because our inheritance is fallen to us on this side of the Jordan eastward.’

¶ 20 And Moses said unto them: ‘If ye will do this thing: if ye will arm yourselves to go before the Lord to the
war, 21 and every armed man of you will pass over the Jordan before the Lord, until He hath driven out His enemies from before Him, 22 and the land be subdued before the Lord, and ye return afterward; then ye shall be clear before the Lord, and before Israel, and this land shall be unto you for a possession before the Lord. 23 But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned against the Lord; and know ye your sin which will find you. 24Build you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and do that which hath proceeded out of your mouth.’

¶ 25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spoke unto Moses, saying: ‘Thy servants will do as my lord commandeth. 26 Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities of Gilead; 27but thy servants will pass over, every man that is armed for war, before the Lord to battle, as my lord saith.’

¶ 28 So Moses gave charge concerning them to Eleazar the priest, and to Joshua the son of Nun, and to the heads of the fathers’houses of the tribes of the children of Israel. 29 And Moses said unto them: ‘If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben will pass with you over the Jordan, every man that is armed to battle, before the Lord, and the land shall be subdued before you, then ye shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession; 30but if they will not pass over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.’ 31 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered, saying: ‘As the Lord hath said unto thy servants, so will we do. 32 We will pass over armed before the Lord into the land of Canaan, and the possession of our inheritance shall remain with us beyond the Jordan.’

¶33 And Moses gave unto them, even to the children of Gad, and to the children of Reuben, and unto the half-tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land, according to the cities thereof with their borders, even the cities of the land round about. 34 And the children of Gad built Dibon, and Ataroth, and Aroer; 35 and Atroth-shophan, and Jazer, and Jogbehah; 36 and Beth-nimrah, and Beth-haran; fortified cities, and folds for sheep. 37 And the children of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kiriathaim; 38 and Nebo, and Baal-meon—their names being changed—and Sibmah; and gave their names unto the cities which they builded. 39 And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorites that were therein. 40 And Moses gave Gilead unto Machir the son of Manasseh; and he dwelt therein. 41 And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the villages thereof, and called them Havvoth-jair. 42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name.

Numbers 31

Numbers 31 B’midbar Outline: (vv 1,2) YHVH instructs Moshe about  war with Midian & his death. (vv 3-6) Moshe instructs Israel about war (vv7-12) Israel defeats 5 kings and returns with the spoils (vv 13-20)Moshe is angered, instructs to kill woman and male children,  gives instruction about purification. (vv 21-24) Eleazar instructs about the purification (vv 25-31) YHVH Instructs Moshe about the spoils (vv 32-47) The spoils counted and shared (vv 48-49) Military Leaders report no Loss of soldiers (vv 48- 54) Military Leaders offer an atonement offering for the soldiers.

Numbers 25 (Bemidbar) Outline: (vv 1-3) Israel at Shittim whores with Moab & worships Baalpeor. (v 4) YHVH instructs Moses (vv 5-6) Moshe instructs the chieftains (vv 7-15) Phinehas slays Zimri & Cozbi; YHWH rewards him (vv 16-18) YHVH instructs Moshe about Midianites.

Bemidbar
Name: The oldest name for the fourth book of Moshe’s writing is ‘the Fifth of the Musterings”; i.e. that one of the five books of Moshe which describes the numbering of the Israelites. Later it became known by the fourth word in the opening sentence – Bemidbar, “in the wilderness” — a name that lends a unity of time and place to the varied happenings and laws in the Book. The current English designation “Numbers” is derived from the Septuagiant. (Hertz, JH. Pentateuch & Haftorahs Sconcino Press London 1994 P567)

Numbers (B’midbar) Stats:

Traditionally and normally it is called the fourth book of Torah. However when dealing with the Hebrew text Numbers (B’midbar) can also be called the fifth and sixth book of Torah. See Explanation “Backward / Upside Down Nuns” in “Hebrew Anomaly” for for more information.

KJV Stats

Letter Count: ?
Word Count: 32, 902
Verse Count: 1,288

Additional English Translation Stats:
36 Chapters
59 Questions
? verses of history
42 verses of fulfilled prophecy(?)
15 verses of fulfilled prophecy(?)
72 separate message from God

The source for all the English stats are from my Dake’s Bible. I understand that controversy around this Bible but for now this is the best that I have and when I find better sources I will correct this data.

Hebrew Stats

Letter Count: 63529
Word Count: 16408
Verse Count: 1288
* Double Count: 20 (1:4 1:44 3:9 3:47 4:19 4:49 5:12 5:22 7:86 8:16 9:10 12:14 14:7 14:34 17:17 17:28 28:21 28:29 29:10 35:26)

* “In the Hebrew, words are sometimes found duplicated. It is often the end of one sentence bumped up against the beginning of the next. E.g. “… was Noah. Noah began to…”.

In any other language or philosophy, such doubling would go unnoticed. But Chabad philosophy seeks meaning in every detail, so they include this in their statistics,” says David Negley (member of a closed Messianic group on Facebook) Each double word instance has several teachings related to them.

Source for these stats

Hebrew Anomalies

The Hebrew anomalies in the Torah scroll of Numbers (Bemidbar) includes enlarged and diminished letters. It also contains a unique appearance of the letter nun and a broken vav, they do not appear in any other place in all the Scriptures. NOTE: This is not a complete list of the anomalies in the Torah scroll of Numbers (Bemidbar) only the ones I have discovered starting with chapter 25.

 

Backward / Upside Down Nuns

In Numbers (B’midbar) 10:34,35 there are two backward / upside-down nuns. See the picture below. Like most things dealing with the Hebrew text, there are several explanations for this anomaly. Some Rabbis teach these two verses are a Torah “book” unto itself making this the fifth book of Moses.The sixth book begins in 10:36. Now that would make Deuteronomy (Devarim) the seventh book of Torah.

Backward Nuns / Upside Nuns

Enlarged Yod

In Numbers (B’midbar) 14:17 there is a enlarged yod. The verse reads, “And now, I beseech thee, let the power of my lord be great, according as thou hast spoken, saying,”. “Be great” יִגְדַּל begins with an Enlarged Yod. For a referance point count eleven letters to the left of the highlight yod to a regular size yod, in the picture below.

Numbers 14:17 Enlarged

Broken Vav

In Numbers (B’midbar) 25:12 there is a broken vav. The broken vav appears in the word “shalom”. Where G-d says, “Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace” I read on a thread, there are twenty different Rabbinical teaching explaining the broken vav. In the image below you can count two letters to the left of the broken vav and see a regular vav.

Numbers 25:12 Broken Vav

Enlarged Nun Sofit

In Numbers 27:5 we have the only place in the Scriptures where there appears an enlarged nun sofit.KJV reads, “And Moses brought their cause before the Lord.” “Their cause” is the translation of mishpat. In the picture below you can see a regular size nun sofit directly above it. Can you see the difference?

Numbers 27: 5 Enlarged Nun Sofit

Numbers (B’midbar) Outline:

none yet!

CopyrightNumbers Chapter Nav
KJV – Public Domain
1917 JPS – Public Domain

Numbers 30 B’midbar Outline: This section is preparing Israel to enter the land. (v1) Moshe speaks the leaders only (v2) man taking vows & oaths (vv 3-5) A woman’s vow in her father’s house (vv 6-8) A married woman’s vow (v9) widower or divorced woman’s vow (vv 10-15) Husband’s responsibility to wife’s vow. (v 16) G-d’s concluding statutes about vows & oaths.

KJV
1 1 And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes 2 concerning the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded.
1917 Tanakh
1 And Moses told the children of Israel according to all that the Lord commanded Moses.

Numbers 30 B’midbar:
Parshah Mattos 3 Begins

Numbers 30 B’midbar: Parshah Mattos

KJV
2 If a man vow a vow 4 unto the Lord, or swear an oath 5 to bind his soul with a bond 6; he shall not break 7 his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

3 If a woman also vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father’s house in her youth;

4 And her father hear her vow, and her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father shall hold his peace at her; then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.

5 But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the Lord shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her.

6 And if she had at all an husband, when she vowed, or uttered ought out of her lips, wherewith she bound her soul;

7 And her husband heard it, and held his peace at her in the day that he heard it: then her vows shall stand, and her bonds wherewith she bound her soul shall stand.

8 But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard it; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her soul, of none effect: and the Lord shall forgive her.

9 But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.

10 And if she vowed in her husband’s house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;

11 And her husband heard it, and held his peace at her, and disallowed her not: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she bound her soul shall stand.

12 But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day he heard them; then whatsoever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the Lord shall forgive her.

13 Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

14 But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from day to day; then he establisheth all her vows, or all her bonds, which are upon her: he confirmeth them, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard them.

15 But if he shall any ways make them void after that he hath heard them; then he shall bear her iniquity.

16 These are the statutes, which the Lord commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, between the father and his daughter, being yet in her youth in her father’s house.

1917 Tanakh
¶ 2And Moses spoke unto the heads of the tribes of the children of Israel, saying:

¶ This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded. 3 When a man voweth a vow unto the Lord, or sweareth an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth. 4 Also when a woman voweth a vow unto the Lord, and bindeth herself by a bond, being in her father’s house, in her youth, 5 and her father heareth her vow, or her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father holdeth his peace at her, then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand. 6 But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth, none of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand; and the Lord will forgive her, because her father
disallowed her. 7 And if she be married to a husband, while her vows are upon her, or the clear utterance of her lips, wherewith she hath bound her soul; 8and her husband hear it, whatsoever day it be that he heareth it, and hold his peace at her; then her vows shall stand, and her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand. 9 But if her husband disallow her in the day that he heareth it, then he shall make void her vow which is upon her, and the clear utterance of her lips, wherewith she hath bound her soul; and the Lord will forgive her. 10 But the vow of a widow, or of her that is divorced, even every thing wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand against her. 11 And if a woman vowed in her husband’s house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath, 12and her husband heard it, and held his peace at her, and disallowed her not, then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she bound her soul shall stand. 13 But if her husband make them null and void in the day that he heareth them, then whatsoever proceeded out of her lips, whether it were her vows, or the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the Lord will forgive her. 14 Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may let it stand, or her husband may make it void. 15 But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from day to day, then he causeth all her vows to stand, or all her bonds, which are upon her; he hath let them stand, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard them. 16 But if he shall make them null and void after that he hath heard them, then he shall bear her iniquity. 17 These are the statutes, which the Lord commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, between a father and his daughter, being in her youth, in her father’s house.

Notes:

  1. Numbers 30:1 B’midbar 29:40 – In the Tanakh this verse would be B’midbar 29:40. Having it here changes the context of the next verse.
  2. Numbers 30:1 B’midbar … the heads of the tribes – We have normally seen the whole congregation spoken to by Moses. Only the leadership is spoken to and this proves the importance of this section on Vows!
  3. Mattos – is translated “tribes”. It is interesting that this Parshah begins in Numbers 30:2 but takes it name from Numbers 30:1! In the Hebrew Text it is the fifth word. It derives from “natah” which means “a staff”, “rod”, “shaft”, “branch” or “a tribe”. Strong’s H4294, appears 252 x.
  4. Numbers 30:2 B’midbarvow Hebrew “nadar נָדַר Strong’s H5088, appears 60x: denotes a solemn promise to G-d. Solemn promises deals with “raising a vow” which means that the person would raise their right hand and evoke the name of G-d (yod hey vav hey). Breaking this type of vow is “taking the L-rd thy G-d’s name in vain!” Usually it means to consecrate something to G-d e.g Jacob at Bethel Gen. 28:20, 31:13, Hannah giving Samuel 1 Sam. 1:11. It can include foolish promises Jephthah’s daughter Jud. 11:30. Vows are a means to asceticism (Ethics of the Fathers 3:13) Ascetism leads to purity, purity leads to holiness, holiness leads to humity, humility leads to fear of si, fear of sin leads to saintliness, saintliness leads to to the [possession of] the holy spirit, and the holy spirit leads to eternal life (Talmud, Avodah Zaarah 20b)
  5. Numbers 30:2 B’midbaroath Hebrew “shebuahשְׁבוּעָה Strong’s H7621 appear only 30x means “curse” from prime root “sheba שֶׁ֫בַע Strongs H7651 appear 394x.
  6. Numbers 30:2 B’midbarbond Hebrew “issarאּסָּר Strongs H632, appears 11x. “In contrast to “neder” this may be called a negative vow: a self-imposed pledge to abstain from doing or enjoying something that is perfectly allowable.” (Hertz, J. Pentateuch & Haftorahs. 1972. P702)
  7. Numbers 30:2 B’midbarbreak Hebrew “chalalחָלַל Strongs H2490, appears 143x. means “defile, pollute” Hiph`il (Imperfect ?) לֹא יַחֵל דְּבָרוֺ Can also be translated as “violate” Lit. “desecrate” or “profane” “The violation of a vow or ‘bond’ is at once an offense before G-d, and act of profanation of man’s personally.” (Ibib) Ecc. 5:4 Better that you do not vow, than that you should vow and not fulfill.