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Leviticus

Leviticus 14

Leviticus 14 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 14 (Vayikra) begins by discussing the three ceremonies for the purification of a person cured of scale-disease (leprosy). The purification of the poor person is also discussed. Next, we see the process for an infected house. Finally, we are given a connection between chapters 14 and 13 with a summary discussing “all varieties of malignant scale disease.” (Milgrom Vol.1, p.885).

Leviticus 14 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 14 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 14 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. First Reading – vv. 1-12 – Parsha Metzora
  2. Second Reading – vv. 13-20 – Parsha Metzora
  3. Third Reading – vv. 21-32 – Parsha Metzora
  4. Fourth Reading – vv. 33-53 – Parsha Metzora
  5. Fifth Reading – vv. 54-57 – Parsha Metzora

Literary Layout:

  1. Rite of Passage – vv. 1-9
  2. Purification Sacrifices – vv. 10-20
  3. Purification Sacrifices for the Poor – vv. 21-32
  4. Fungous Houses: Diagnosis and Purification – vv. 33-53
  5. Summary – vv. 54-57

Leviticus 14 Structure:

There are a total of three outlines in this chapter! Due to this they will be posted later.

Leviticus 14 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Metzora #28
~ Infected One ~

FIRST READING

→ Rite of Passage

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing: he shall be brought unto the priest.
3 And the priest shall go forth out of the camp; and the priest shall look, and, behold, if the plague of leprosy be healed in the leper;
4 then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two living clean birds, and cedar-wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.
5 And the priest shall command to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.
6 As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar-wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water.
7 And he shall sprinkle upon him that is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times, and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let go the living bird into the open field.
8 And he that is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off all his hair, and bathe himself in water, and he shall be clean; and after that he may come into the camp, but shall dwell outside his tent seven days.
9 And it shall be on the seventh day, that he shall shave all his hair off his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair he shall shave off; and he shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and he shall be clean.

→ Purification Sacrifices

10 And on the eighth day he shall take two he-lambs without blemish, and one ewe-lamb of the first year without blemish, and three tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with oil, and one log of oil.
11 And the priest that cleanseth him shall set the man that is to be cleansed, and those things, before the LORD, at the door of the tent of meeting.
12 And the priest shall take one of the he-lambs, and offer him for a guilt-offering, and the log of oil, and wave them for a wave- offering before the LORD.

SECOND READING

13 And he shall kill the he-lamb in the place where they kill the sin-offering and the burnt-offering, in the place of the sanctuary; for as the sin-offering is the priest’s, so is the guilt-offering; it is most holy.
14 And the priest shall take of the blood of the guilt-offering, and the priest shall put it upon the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot.
15 And the priest shall take of the log of oil, and pour it into the palm of his own left hand.
16 And the priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand, and shall sprinkle of the oil with his finger seven times before the LORD.
17 And of the rest of the oil that is in his hand shall the priest put upon the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot, upon the blood of the guilt-offering.
18 And the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s hand he shall put upon the head of him that is to be cleansed; and the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD.
19 And the priest shall offer the sin-offering, and make atonement for him that is to be cleansed because of his uncleanness; and afterward he shall kill the burnt-offering.
20 And the priest shall offer the burnt-offering and the meal-offering upon the altar; and the priest shall make atonement for him, and he shall be clean.

THIRD READING

→ Purification Sacrifices for the Poor

21 And if he be poor, and his means suffice not, then he shall take one he-lamb for a guilt-offering to be waved, to make atonement for him, and one tenth part of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil for a meal-offering, and a log of oil;
22 and two turtle-doves, or two young pigeons, such as his means suffice for; and the one shall be a sin-offering, and the other a burnt-offering.
23 And on the eighth day he shall bring them for his cleansing unto the priest, unto the door of the tent of meeting,
24 And the priest shall take the lamb of the guilt-offering, and the log of oil, and the priest shall wave them for a wave-offering before the LORD.
25 And he shall kill the lamb of the guilt-offering, and the priest shall take of the blood of the guilt-offering, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot.
26 And the priest shall pour of the oil into the palm of his own left hand.
27 And the priest shall sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left hand seven times before the LORD.
28 And the priest shall put of the oil that is in his hand upon the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot, upon the place of the blood of the guilt-offering.
29 And the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s hand he shall put upon the head of him that is to be cleansed, to make atonement for him before the LORD.
30 And he shall offer one of the turtle-doves, or of the young pigeons, such as his means suffice for;
31 even such as his means suffice for, the one for a sin-offering, and the other for a burnt-offering, with the meal-offering; and the priest shall make atonement for him that is to be cleansed before the LORD.
32 This is the law of him in whom is the plague of leprosy, whose means suffice not for that which pertaineth to his cleansing.

FOURTH READING

→ Fungous Houses: Diagnosis and Purification

33 And the LORD spoke unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying:
34 When ye are come into the land of Canaan, which I give to you for a possession, and I put the plague of leprosy in a house of the land of your possession;
35 then he that owneth the house shall come and tell the priest, saying: ‘There seemeth to me to be as it were a plague in the house.’
36 And the priest shall command that they empty the house, before the priest go in to see the plague, that all that is in the house be not made unclean; and afterward the priest shall go in to see the house.
37 And he shall look on the plague, and, behold, if the plague be in the walls of the house with hollow streaks, greenish or reddish, and the appearance thereof be lower than the wall;
38 then the priest shall go out of the house to the door of the house, and shut up the house seven days.
39 And the priest shall come again the seventh day, and shall look; and, behold, if the plague be spread in the walls of the house;
40 then the priest shall command that they take out the stones in which the plague is, and cast them into an unclean place without the city.
41 And he shall cause the house to be scraped within round about, and they shall pour out the mortar that they scrape off without the city into an unclean place.
42 And they shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and he shall take other mortar, and shall plaster the house.
43 And if the plague come again, and break out in the house, after that the stones have been taken out, and after the house hath been scraped, and after it is plastered;
44 then the priest shall come in and look; and, behold, if the plague be spread in the house, it is a malignant leprosy in the house: it is unclean.
45 And he shall break down the house, the stones of it, and the timber thereof, and all the mortar of the house; and he shall carry them forth out of the city into an unclean place.
46 Moreover he that goeth into the house all the while that it is shut up shall be unclean until the even.
47 And he that lieth in the house shall wash his clothes; and he that eateth in the house shall wash his clothes.
48 And if the priest shall come in, and look, and, behold, the plague hath not spread in the house, after the house was plastered; then the priest shall pronounce the house clean, because the plague is healed.
49 And he shall take to cleanse the house two birds, and cedar-wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.
50 And he shall kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.
51 And he shall take the cedar-wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird, and in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times.
52 And he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar-wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet.
53 But he shall let go the living bird out of the city into the open field; so shall he make atonement for the house; and it shall be clean.

FIFTH READING

→ Summary

54 This is the law for all manner of plague of leprosy, and for a scall;
55 and for the leprosy of a garment, and for a house;
56 and for a rising, and for a scab, and for a bright spot;
57 to teach when it is unclean, and when it is clean; this is the law of leprosy.

Leviticus 14 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 14 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Metzora – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 14 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 14 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 14

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 15

Leviticus 15 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 15 (Vayikra) deals with both normal and abnormal genital discharges from the male and female. The four main cases described here discusses the case, its consequences and the purification process for each. This topic began in chapter 12. The cases are structured from the duration and complexity of the purification process. These are the last in the list. They are the simplest and least duration.

Leviticus 15 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 15 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 15 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Fifth Reading Con’t – vv. 1-15 – Parsha Metzora
  2. Sixth Reading – vv. 16-28 – Parsha Metzora
  3. Seventh Reading – vv. 29-33 – Parsha Metzora

Literary Layout:

  1. Introduction – v. 1
  2. Abnormal Male Discharges – vv. 2-15
  3. Normal Male Discharges – vv. 16,17
  4. Marital Intercourse – v. 18
  5. Normal Female Discharges – vv. 19-24
  6. Abnormal Female Discharges – vv. 25-30
  7. Consequences for the Sanctuary and for Israel – v. 31
  8. Summary – vv. 32,33

Leviticus 15 Structure:

The outline suggested below is a simple and meaningful one.

  • A. Introduction (vv. 1-2a)
    • B. Abnormal male discharge (vv. 2b-15)
      • C. Normal male discharges (vv. 16-17)
        • X. Marital intercourse (v. 18)
      • C’. Normal female discharges (vv. 19-24)
    • B’. Abnormal female discharges (vv. 25-30)
  • [motive (v. 31)]
  • A’. Summary (vv. 32,33)

Leviticus 15 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Metzora #28
~ Infected One~

FIFTH READING CON’T

→ Introduction

1 And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron,

→ Abnormal Male Discharges

2 “Say to the Israelites, ‘When any man has a bodily discharge, the discharge is unclean.
3 This uncleanness is from his discharge, whether his body allows the discharge to flow or blocks it. So his discharge will bring about uncleanness.
4 Any bed on which the man with the discharge lies will be unclean, and any furniture on which he sits will be unclean.
5 Anyone who touches his bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
6 Whoever sits on furniture on which the man with the discharge was sitting must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
7 Whoever touches the body of the man with a discharge must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
8 If the man with the discharge spits on one who is clean, that person must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
9 Any saddle on which the man with the discharge rides will be unclean.
10 Whoever touches anything that was under him will be unclean until evening, and whoever carries such things must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
11 If the man with the discharge touches anyone without first rinsing his hands with water, the one who was touched must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
12 Any clay pot that the man with the discharge touches must be broken, and any wooden utensil must be rinsed with water.
13 When the man has been cleansed from his discharge, he must count off seven days for his cleansing, wash his clothes, and bathe himself in fresh water, and he shall be clean.
14 On the eighth day he is to take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, come before the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, and give them to the priest.
15 The priest is to sacrifice them, one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for the man before the LORD because of his discharge.

SIXTH READING

→ Normal Male Discharges

16 When a man has an emission of semen, he must bathe his whole body with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
17 Any clothing or leather on which there is an emission of semen must be washed with water, and it will remain unclean until evening.

→ Marital Intercourse

18 If a man lies with a woman and there is an emission of semen, both must bathe with water, and they will remain unclean until evening.

→ Normal Female Discharges

19 When a woman has a discharge consisting of blood from her body, she will be unclean due to her menstruation for seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean until evening.
20 Anything on which she lies or sits during her menstruation will be unclean,
21 and anyone who touches her bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
22 Whoever touches any furniture on which she was sitting must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
23 And whether it is a bed or furniture on which she was sitting, whoever touches it will be unclean until evening.
24 If a man lies with her and her menstrual flow touches him, he will be unclean for seven days, and any bed on which he lies will become unclean.

→ Abnormal Female Discharges

25 When a woman has a discharge of her blood for many days at a time other than her menstrual period, or if it continues beyond her period, she will be unclean all the days of her unclean discharge, just as she is during the days of her menstruation.
26 Any bed on which she lies or any furniture on which she sits during the days of her discharge will be unclean, like her bed during her menstrual period.
27 Anyone who touches these things will be unclean; he must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean until evening.
28 When a woman is cleansed of her discharge, she must count off seven days, and after that she will be ceremonially clean.

SEVENTH READING

29 On the eighth day she is to take two turtledoves or two young pigeons and bring them to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.
30 The priest is to sacrifice one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for her before the LORD for her unclean discharge.

→ Consequences for the Sanctuary and for Israel

31 You must keep the children of Israel separate from their uncleanness, so that they do not die by defiling My tabernacle, which is among them.

→ Summary

32 This is the law of him who has a discharge, of the man who has an emission of semen whereby he is unclean,
33 of a woman in her menstrual period, of any male or female who has a discharge, and of a man who lies with an unclean woman.’”

Leviticus 15 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 15 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Metzora – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 15 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 15 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 15

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 1

Leviticus 1 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 1 (Vayikra) explains the burnt offering from the perspective of the donor. This offering is different from the offering given during the festivals and fasts fixed by the calendar. It answers the need for religious and emotional need of the donor.

Leviticus 1 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 1 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 1 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. First Reading – vv. 1-13 – Parsha Vayikra
  2. Second Reading – vv. 14-17 – Parsha Vayikra

Literary Layout:

  1. Introduction – vv. 1,2
  2. The Burnt Offering: from the Herd – vv. 3-9
  3. From the Flock – vv. 10-13
  4. From Birds – vv. 14-17

Leviticus 1 Structure:

Leviticus 1 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Vayikra #24
~ And he called ~

FIRST READING

→ Introduction

1 The LORD called unto Moses, and spoke unto him out of the tent of meeting, saying:
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When any man of you bringeth an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd or of the flock.

→ Burnt Offerings: from the Herd

3 If his offering be a burnt-offering of the herd, he shall offer it a male without blemish; he shall bring it to the door of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD.
4 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the burnt-offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.
5 And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD; and Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall present the blood, and dash the blood round about against the altar that is at the door of the tent of meeting.
6 And he shall flay the burnt-offering, and cut it into its pieces.
7 And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay wood in order upon the fire.
8 And Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall lay the pieces, and the head, and the suet, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar;
9 but its inwards and its legs shall he wash with water; and the priest shall make the whole smoke on the altar, for a burnt- offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

→ From the Flocks

10 And if his offering be of the flock, whether of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt-offering, he shall offer it a male without blemish.
11 And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before the LORD; and Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall dash its blood against the altar round about.
12 And he shall cut it into its pieces; and the priest shall lay them, with its head and its suet, in order on the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar.
13 But the inwards and the legs shall he wash with water; and the priest shall offer the whole, and make it smoke upon the altar; it is a burnt-offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

SECOND READING

→ From Birds

14 And if his offering to the LORD be a burnt-offering of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtle-doves, or of young pigeons.
15 And the priest shall bring it unto the altar, and pinch off its head, and make it smoke on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be drained out on the side of the altar.
16 And he shall take away its crop with the feathers thereof and cast it beside the altar on the east part, in the place of the ashes.
17 And he shall rend it by the wings thereof but shall not divide it asunder; and the priest shall make it smoke upon the altar, upon the wood that is upon the fire; it is a burnt-offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

Leviticus 1 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 1 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Vayikra – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 1 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 1 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 1

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 27

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) begins with YHVH speaking to Moses about the making and giving of vows for people and animals. It continues with the redemption of land and the understanding of the things devoted to YHVH. The final discussion point is about tithes.

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 27 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Fourth Reading – vv. 1-15 – Parsha Bechukotai
  2. Fifth Reading – vv. 16-21 – Parsha Bechukotai
  3. Sixth Reading – vv. 22-28 – Parsha Bechukotai
  4. Seventh Reading – vv. 29-34 – Parsha Bechukotai

Literary Layout:

  1. Vows of Persons and Animals – vv. 1-13
  2. Consecrations of Houses and Fields – vv. 14-25
  3. Firstlings – vv. 26,27
  4. Proscriptions – vv. 28,29
  5. Tithes – vv. 30-33
  6. Summary – v. 34

Leviticus 27 Structure:

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Bechukotai 33
~ In My Laws ~

FOURTH READING

→ Vows of Persons and Animals

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When a man shall clearly utter a vow of persons unto the LORD, according to thy valuation,
3 then thy valuation shall be for the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even thy valuation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
4 And if it be a female, then thy valuation shall be thirty shekels.
5 And if it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then thy valuation shall be for the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
6 And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then thy valuation shall be for the male five shekels of silver, and for the female thy valuation shall be three shekels of silver.
7 And if it be from sixty years old and upward: if it be a male, then thy valuation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
8 But if he be too poor for thy valuation, then he shall be set before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to the means of him that vowed shall the priest value him.
9 And if it be a beast, whereof men bring an offering unto the LORD, all that any man giveth of such unto the LORD shall be holy.
10 He shall not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good; and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then both it and that for which it is changed shall be holy.
11 And if it be any unclean beast, of which they may not bring an offering unto the LORD, then he shall set the beast before the priest.
12 And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad; as thou the priest valuest it, so shall it be.
13 But if he will indeed redeem it, then he shall add the fifth part thereof unto thy valuation.

→ Consecrations of Persons and Animals

14 And when a man shall sanctify his house to be holy unto the LORD, then the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad; as the priest shall value it, so shall it stand.
15 And if he that sanctified it will redeem his house, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of thy valuation unto it, and it shall be his.

FIFTH READING

16 And if a man shall sanctify unto the LORD part of the field of his possession, then thy valuation shall be according to the sowing thereof; the sowing of a homer of barley shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
17 If he sanctify his field from the year of jubilee, according to thy valuation it shall stand.
18 But if he sanctify his field after the jubilee, then the priest shall reckon unto him the money according to the years that remain unto the year of jubilee, and an abatement shall be made from thy valuation.
19 And if he that sanctified the field will indeed redeem it, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of thy valuation unto it, and it shall be assured to him.
20 And if he will not redeem the field, or if he have sold the field to another man, it shall not be redeemed any more.
21 But the field, when it goeth out in the jubilee, shall be holy unto the LORD, as a field devoted; the possession thereof shall be the priest’s.

SIXTH READING

22 And if he sanctify unto the LORD a field which he hath bought, which is not of the field of his possession;
23 then the priest shall reckon unto him the worth of thy valuation unto the year of jubilee; and he shall give thy valuation in that day, as a holy thing unto the LORD.
24 In the year of jubilee the field shall return unto him of whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land belongeth.
25 And all thy valuations shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary; twenty gerahs shall be the shekel.

→ Firstlings

26 Howbeit the firstling among beasts, which is born as a firstling to the LORD, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox or sheep, it is the LORD’S.
27 And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall ransom it according to thy valuation, and shall add unto it the fifth part thereof; or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to thy valuation.

→ Proscriptions

28 Notwithstanding, no devoted thing, that a man may devote unto the LORD of all that he hath, whether of man or beast, or of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed; every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD.

SEVENTH READING

29 None devoted, that may be devoted of men, shall be ransomed; he shall surely be put to death.

→ Tithes

30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S; it is holy unto the LORD.
31 And if a man will redeem aught of his tithe, he shall add unto it the fifth part thereof.
32 And all the tithe of the herd or the flock, whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
33 He shall not inquire whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it; and if he change it at all, then both it and that for which it is changed shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.

→ Summary

34 These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

Leviticus 27 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 27 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Bechukotai – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 27 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 27 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 27

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 26

Leviticus 26 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 26 (Vayikra) begins with the reminder from YHVH that He is the God of Israel. Israel must not worship any other god. YHVH proceeds to explain the blessings for keeping His statutes and instructions. Afterward, He warns of the dangers of not keeping them by laying out the curses that would come upon Israel. However, He gives Israel the opportunity to humble themselves and return to Him even in exile.

Leviticus 26 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 26 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 26 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Seventh Reading – vv. 1-2 – Parsha Behar
  2. First Reading – vv. 3-5 – Parsha Bechukotai
  3. Second Reading – vv. 6-9- Parsha Bechukotai
  4. Third Reading – vv. 10-46- Parsha Bechukotai

Literary Layout:

  1. The Essence of God’s Commandments – vv. 1-2
  2. The Blessings – vv. 3-13
  3. The Curses – vv. 14-39
  4. Remorse and the Recall of the Covenant – vv.40-45
  5. Summation – v. 46

Leviticus 26 Structure:

Leviticus 26 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Behar #32
~ On the Mount ~

SEVENTH READING

→ The Essence of God’s Commandments

1 Ye shall make you no idols, neither shall ye rear you up a graven image, or a pillar, neither shall ye place any figured stone in your land, to bow down unto it; for I am the LORD your God.
2 Ye shall keep My sabbaths, and reverence My sanctuary: I am the LORD.

Parsha Bechukotai #33
~ In My Laws ~

FIRST READING

→ The Blessings

3 If ye walk in My statutes, and keep My commandments, and do them;
4 then I will give your rains in their season, and the land shall yield her produce, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
5 And your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time; and ye shall eat your bread until ye have enough, and dwell in your land safely.

SECOND READING

6 And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid; and I will cause evil beasts to cease out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
Lev 26:7  And ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword.
Lev 26:8  And five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall chase ten thousand; and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword.
Lev 26:9  And I will have respect unto you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you; and will establish My covenant with you.

THIRD READING

And ye shall eat old store long kept, and ye shall bring forth the old from before the new.
Lev 26:11  And I will set My tabernacle among you, and My soul shall not abhor you.
Lev 26:12  And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be My people.
Lev 26:13  I am the LORD your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bars of your yoke, and made you go upright.

→ The Curses

Lev 26:14  But if ye will not hearken unto Me, and will not do all these commandments;
Lev 26:15  and if ye shall reject My statutes, and if your soul abhor Mine ordinances, so that ye will not do all My commandments, but break My covenant;
Lev 26:16  I also will do this unto you: I will appoint terror over you, even consumption and fever, that shall make the eyes to fail, and the soul to languish; and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.
Lev 26:17  And I will set My face against you, and ye shall be smitten before your enemies; they that hate you shall rule over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you.
Lev 26:18  And if ye will not yet for these things hearken unto Me, then I will chastise you seven times more for your sins.
Lev 26:19  And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass.
Lev 26:20  And your strength shall be spent in vain; for your land shall not yield her produce, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruit.
Lev 26:21  And if ye walk contrary unto Me, and will not hearken unto Me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.
Lev 26:22  And I will send the beast of the field among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your ways shall become desolate.
Lev 26:23  And if in spite of these things ye will not be corrected unto Me, but will walk contrary unto Me;
Lev 26:24  then will I also walk contrary unto you; and I will smite you, even I, seven times for your sins.
Lev 26:25  And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute the vengeance of the covenant; and ye shall be gathered together within your cities; and I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
Lev 26:26  When I break your staff of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver your bread again by weight; and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.
Lev 26:27  And if ye will not for all this hearken unto Me, but walk contrary unto Me;
Lev 26:28  then I will walk contrary unto you in fury; and I also will chastise you seven times for your sins.
Lev 26:29  And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat.
Lev 26:30  And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your sun-pillars, and cast your carcasses upon the carcasses of your idols; and My soul shall abhor you.
Lev 26:31  And I will make your cities a waste, and will bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.
Lev 26:32  And I will bring the land into desolation; and your enemies that dwell therein shall be astonished at it.
Lev 26:33  And you will I scatter among the nations, and I will draw out the sword after you; and your land shall be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste.
Lev 26:34  Then shall the land be paid her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye are in your enemies’ land; even then shall the land rest, and repay her sabbaths.
Lev 26:35  As long as it lieth desolate it shall have rest; even the rest which it had not in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.
Lev 26:36  And as for them that are left of you, I will send a faintness into their heart in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a driven leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as one fleeth from the sword; and they shall fall when none pursueth.
Lev 26:37  And they shall stumble one upon another, as it were before the sword, when none pursueth; and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
Lev 26:38  And ye shall perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.
Lev 26:39  And they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity in your enemies’ lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them.

→ Remorse and the Recall of the Covenant

Lev 26:40  And they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, in their treachery which they committed against Me, and also that they have walked contrary unto Me.
Lev 26:41  I also will walk contrary unto them, and bring them into the land of their enemies; if then perchance their uncircumcised heart be humbled, and they then be paid the punishment of their iniquity;
Lev 26:42  then will I remember My covenant with Jacob, and also My covenant with Isaac, and also My covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.
Lev 26:43  For the land shall lie forsaken without them, and shall be paid her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them; and they shall be paid the punishment of their iniquity; because, even because they rejected Mine ordinances, and their soul abhorred My statutes.
Lev 26:44  And yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break My covenant with them; for I am the LORD their God.
Lev 26:45  But I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God: I am the LORD.

→ Summation

Lev 26:46  These are the statutes and ordinances and laws, which the LORD made between Him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.

Leviticus 26 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 27 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Bechukotai – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 26 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 26 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 26

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 25

Leviticus 25 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 25 (Vayikra) deals with kingdom economics. YHVH establishes the sabbatical and jubilee years. He also promises security if they keep this portion of the covenant. YHVH also lays out the land redemption guidelines. Also, interest rates and slavery for fellow countrymen are forbidden.  Also, the redemption of a countryman from a resident alien is also outlined. 

Leviticus 25 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 25 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 25 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. First Reading – vv. 1-13 – Parsha Behar
  2. Second Reading – vv. 14-18 – Parsha Behar
  3. Third Reading – vv. 19-24 – Parsha Behar
  4. Fourth Reading – vv. 25-28 – Parsha Behar
  5. Fifth Reading – vv. 29-38 – Parsha Behar
  6. Sixth Reading – vv. 39-46 – Parsha Behar
  7. Seventh Reading – vv.47-26.2 – Parsha Behar

Literary Layout:

  1. Introduction – v. 1
  2. The Sabbatical Year – vv. 2-7
  3. The Jubilee Year – vv. 8-22
  4. Redemption of Property: The Basic Principle – vv. 23,24
  5. The Three Stages of Destitution – vv. 25-55
    1. Stage One: Sold Land & Houses & Their Redemption – v. 25-34
    2. Stage Two: Lost Land – vv. 35-38
    3. Stage Three: “Slavery” – vv. 39-55

Leviticus 25 Structure:

Coming Soon

Leviticus 25 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Behar #32
~ Parsha On the Mount ~

FIRST READING

→ Introduction

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying:

→ The Sabbatical Year

2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the LORD.
3 Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the produce thereof.
4 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath unto the LORD; thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.
5 That which groweth of itself of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, and the grapes of thy undressed vine thou shalt not gather; it shall be a year of solemn rest for the land.
6 And the sabbath-produce of the land shall be for food for you: for thee, and for thy servant and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant and for the settler by thy side that sojourn with thee;
7 and for thy cattle, and for the beasts that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be for food.

→ The Jubilee Year

8 And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and there shall be unto thee the days of seven sabbaths of years, even forty and nine years.
9 Then shalt thou make proclamation with the blast of the horn on the tenth day of the seventh month; in the day of atonement shall ye make proclamation with the horn throughout all your land.
10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land unto all the inhabitants thereof; it shall be a jubilee unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.
11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be unto you; ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of the undressed vines.
12 For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy unto you; ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field.
13 In this year of jubilee ye shall return every man unto his possession.

SECOND READING

14 And if thou sell aught unto thy neighbour, or buy of thy neighbour’s hand, ye shall not wrong one another.
15 According to the number of years after the jubilee thou shalt buy of thy neighbour, and according unto the number of years of the crops he shall sell unto thee.
16 According to the multitude of the years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of the years thou shalt diminish the price of it; for the number of crops doth he sell unto thee.
17 And ye shall not wrong one another; but thou shalt fear thy God; for I am the LORD your God.
18 Wherefore ye shall do My statutes, and keep Mine ordinances and do them; and ye shall dwell in the land in safety.

THIRD READING

19 And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat until ye have enough, and dwell therein in safety.
20 And if ye shall say: ‘What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we may not sow, nor gather in our increase’;
21 then I will command My blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth produce for the three years.
22 And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat of the produce, the old store; until the ninth year, until her produce come in, ye shall eat the old store.

→ Redemption of Property: The Basic Principle

23 And the land shall not be sold in perpetuity; for the land is Mine; for ye are strangers and settlers with Me.
24 And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land.

FOURTH READING

→ The Three Stages of Destitution

Stage One: Sold Land & Houses & Their Redemption

25 If thy brother be waxen poor, and sell some of his possession, then shall his kinsman that is next unto him come, and shall redeem that which his brother hath sold.
26 And if a man have no one to redeem it, and he be waxen rich and find sufficient means to redeem it;
27 then let him count the years of the sale thereof, and restore the overplus unto the man to whom he sold it; and he shall return unto his possession.
28 But if he have not sufficient means to get it back for himself, then that which he hath sold shall remain in the hand of him that hath bought it until the year of jubilee; and in the jubilee it shall go out, and he shall return unto his possession.

FIFTH READING

29 And if a man sell a dwelling-house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; for a full year shall he have the right of redemption.
30 And if it be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city shall be made sure in perpetuity to him that bought it, throughout his generations; it shall not go out in the jubilee.
31 But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be reckoned with the fields of the country; they may be redeemed, and they shall go out in the jubilee.
32 But as for the cities of the Levites, the houses of the cities of their possession, the Levites shall have a perpetual right of redemption.
33 And if a man purchase of the Levites, then the house that was sold in the city of his possession, shall go out in the jubilee; for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.
34 But the fields of the open land about their cities may not be sold; for that is their perpetual possession.

Stage Two: Land Lost

35 And if thy brother be waxen poor, and his means fail with thee; then thou shalt uphold him: as a stranger and a settler shall he live with thee.
36 Take thou no interest of him or increase; but fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee.
37 Thou shalt not give him thy money upon interest, nor give him thy victuals for increase.
38 I am the LORD your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, to be your God.

SIXTH READING
Stage Three: “Slavery”

39 And if thy brother be waxen poor with thee, and sell himself unto thee, thou shalt not make him to serve as a bondservant.
40 As a hired servant, and as a settler, he shall be with thee; he shall serve with thee unto the year of jubilee.
41 Then shall he go out from thee, he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return.
42 For they are My servants, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as bondmen.
43 Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God.
44 And as for thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, whom thou mayest have: of the nations that are round about you, of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.
45 Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them may ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they have begotten in your land; and they may be your possession.
46 And ye may make them an inheritance for your children after you, to hold for a possession: of them may ye take your bondmen for ever; but over your brethren the children of Israel ye shall not rule, one over another, with rigour.

SEVENTH READING

47 And if a stranger who is a settler with thee be waxen rich, and thy brother be waxen poor beside him, and sell himself unto the stranger who is a settler with thee, or to the offshoot of a stranger’s family,
48 after that he is sold he may be redeemed; one of his brethren may redeem him;
49 or his uncle, or his uncle’s son, may redeem him, or any that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be waxen rich, he may redeem himself.
50 And he shall reckon with him that bought him from the year that he sold himself to him unto the year of jubilee; and the price of his sale shall be according unto the number of years; according to the time of a hired servant shall he be with him.
51 If there be yet many years, according unto them he shall give back the price of his redemption out of the money that he was bought for.
52 And if there remain but few years unto the year of jubilee, then he shall reckon with him; according unto his years shall he give back the price of his redemption.
53 As a servant hired year by year shall he be with him; he shall not rule with rigour over him in thy sight.
54 And if he be not redeemed by any of these means, then he shall go out in the year of jubilee, he, and his children with him.
55 For unto Me the children of Israel are servants; they are My servants whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.

Leviticus 25 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 26 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Behar – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Leviticus 25 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus 25 (Vayikra) Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Leviticus 25

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 24

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) teaches about the oil for the lamp and the bread for the table in the tabernacle. We then have a story about a blasphemer, immediately following this story we are given the measure for measure laws. Moses and the people take the blasphemer outside of the camp and stone him.

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 24 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Seventh Reading – vv. 1-16 – Parsha Emor

Literary Layout:

  1. Oil for the Tabernacle Lamps – vv. 1-4
  2. Bread for the Tabernacle Table – vv. 5-9
  3. The Case of the Blasphemer – vv. 10-16
  4. The Talion Laws – vv.17-22
  5. The Compliance Report – v. 23

Leviticus 24 Structure:

Coming Soon!

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Emor #31
~ Say ~

SEVENTH READING

→ Oil for the Tabernacle Lamps

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 ‘Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure olive oil beaten for the light, to cause a lamp to burn continually.
3 Without the veil of the testimony, in the tent of meeting, shall Aaron order it from evening to morning before the LORD continually; it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations.
4 He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the LORD continually.

→ Bread for the Tabernacle Table

5 And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one cake.
6 And thou shalt set them in two rows, six in a row, upon the pure table before the LORD.
7 And thou shalt put pure frankincense with each row, that it may be to the bread for a memorial-part, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
8 Every sabbath day he shall set it in order before the LORD continually; it is from the children of Israel, an everlasting covenant.
9 And it shall be for Aaron and his sons; and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy unto him of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, a perpetual due.’

→ The Case of the Blasphemer

10 And the son of an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel; and the son of the Israelitish woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp.
11 And the son of the Israelitish woman blasphemed the Name, and cursed; and they brought him unto Moses. And his mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.
12 And they put him in ward, that it might be declared unto them at the mouth of the LORD.
13 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
14 ‘Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him.
15 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying: Whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin.
16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him; as well the stranger, as the home-born, when he blasphemeth the Name, shall be put to death.

→ The Talion Laws

17 And he that smiteth any man mortally shall surely be put to death.
18 And he that smiteth a beast mortally shall make it good: life for life.
19 And if a man maim his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him:
20 breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; as he hath maimed a man, so shall it be rendered unto him.
21 And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; and he that killeth a man shall be put to death.
22 Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for the home-born; for I am the LORD your God.’

→ The Compliance Report

23 And Moses spoke to the children of Israel, and they brought forth him that had cursed out of the camp, and stoned him with stones. And the children of Israel did as the LORD commanded Moses

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 24 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Emor – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 24 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 25 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 25

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 23

Leviticus 23 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 23 (Vayikra) teaches us about scared time. YHVH teaches about the holy calendar. It begins with the shabbat. Following the shabbat are the feasts of YHVH. The Passover and Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, the feast of trumpets, the day of atonement, the feast of booths are all in this chapter.

Leviticus 23 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 23 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 23 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Fourth Reading – vv. 1-22 – Parsha Emor
  2. Fifth Reading – vv. 23-33 – Parsha Emor
  3. Sixth Reading – vv. 34-44 – Parsha Emor

Literary Layout:

  1. Introduction – vv. 1,2
  2. The Shabbat – v. 3
  3. The Festivals – v. 4
  4. The Paschal Offering and the Unleavened Bread – vv. 5-7
  5. The First Barley Offering – vv. 9-14
  6. The First Wheat Offering – vv. 15-22
  7. The Festival of Alarm Blasts – vv. 23-25
  8. The Day of Purgation – vv. 26- 32
  9. The Festival of Booths – vv. 33-36
  10. Summary – vv.37,38
  11. Addendum on the Festival of Booths – vv. 39-44

Leviticus 23 Structure:

Coming Soon

Leviticus 23 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Emor #31
~ Say ~

FOURTH READING

→ Introduction

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: The appointed seasons of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are My appointed seasons.

→ The Shabbat

3 Six days shall work be done; but on the seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of work; it is a sabbath unto the LORD in all your dwellings.

→ The Festivals

4 These are the appointed seasons of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed season.

→ The Paschal Offering and the Unleavened Bread

5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at dusk, is the LORD’S passover.
6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD; seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread.
7 In the first day ye shall have a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work.
8 And ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days; in the seventh day is a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work.

→ The First Barley Offering

9 And the LORD spoke unto Moses saying:
10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye are come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring the sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest unto the priest.
11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you; on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 And in the day when ye wave the sheaf, ye shall offer a he-lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt-offering unto the LORD.
13 And the meal-offering thereof shall be two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour; and the drink-offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of a hin.
14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor fresh ears, until this selfsame day, until ye have brought the offering of your God; it is a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

→ The First Wheat Offering

15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the day of rest, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the waving; seven weeks shall there be complete;
16 even unto the morrow after the seventh week shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall present a new meal-offering unto the LORD.
17 Ye shall bring out of your dwellings two wave-loaves of two tenth parts of an ephah; they shall be of fine flour, they shall be baked with leaven, for first-fruits unto the LORD.
18 And ye shall present with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams; they shall be a burnt-offering unto the LORD, with their meal-offering, and their drink-offerings, even an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
19 And ye shall offer one he-goat for a sin-offering, and two he-lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace-offerings.
20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first-fruits for a wave-offering before the LORD, with the two lambs; they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
21 And ye shall make proclamation on the selfsame day; there shall be a holy convocation unto you; ye shall do no manner of servile work; it is a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corner of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleaning of thy harvest; thou shalt leave them for the poor, and for the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

FIFTH READING

→ The Festival of Alarm Blasts

23 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying: In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall be a solemn rest unto you, a memorial proclaimed with the blast of horns, a holy convocation.
25 Ye shall do no manner of servile work; and ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

→ The Day of Purgation

26 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
27 Howbeit on the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; there shall be a holy convocation unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; and ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
28 And ye shall do no manner of work in that same day; for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God.
29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from his people.
30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any manner of work in that same day, that soul will I destroy from among his people.
31 Ye shall do no manner of work; it is a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of solemn rest, and ye shall afflict your souls; in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye keep your sabbath.

→ The Festival of Booths

33 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:

SIXTH READING

34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying: On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
35 On the first day shall be a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work.
36 Seven days ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto the LORD; on the eighth day shall be a holy convocation unto you; and ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto the LORD; it is a day of solemn assembly; ye shall do no manner of servile work.

→ Summary

37 These are the appointed seasons of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to bring an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt-offering, and a meal-offering, a sacrifice, and drink-offerings, each on its own day;
38 beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill-offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.

→ Addendum on the Festival of Booths

39 Howbeit on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruits of the land, ye shall keep the feast of the LORD seven days; on the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day shall be a solemn rest.
40 And ye shall take you on the first day the fruit of goodly trees, branches of palm-trees, and boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook, and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year; it is a statute for ever in your generations; ye shall keep it in the seventh month.
42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are home-born in Israel shall dwell in booths;
43 that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the appointed seasons of the LORD.

Leviticus 23 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 23 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Emor – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 23 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 23 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 23

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 22

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) is a continuation of chapter 21. There are two major topics in this chapter. The first is the priestly prohibitions regarding sacred food. The second is prohibitions on all Israel, including the priests, regarding the animals for offerings. This chapter ends with an exhortation.

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 22 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Second Reading Con’t – vv. 1-16 – Parsha Emor
  2. Third Reading – vv. 17-3 – Parsha Emor

Literary Layout:

  1. Introduction – vv. 1-3
  2. Concerning Sacred Food – vv. 4-16
  3. Concerning Blemished Sacrificial Animals – vv. 17-25
  4. Additional Criteria for Sacrificial Animals – vv. 26-30
  5. Exhortation – vv. 31-33

Leviticus 22 Structure:

Listed below are two important structures of chapter 22. See explanations below.

Leviticus 22 Structure:

This is an outline to Leviticus 22.

Leviticus 22 Structure

Leviticus 21 & 22 Structure:

Leviticus 21 and 22 are interconnected. In Hebrew they are a single unit of thought. Together they form a chiasm as shown in the outline below.

  • A. Relation of a priest to his family for sacrifice (21:1-15)
    • B. Blemishes of priests who sacrifice (21:16-23)
      • X. How a priest should avoid desecration of sacrifices (22:1-16)
    • B’. Blemishes of animals for sacrifice (22:17-25)
  • A’. Relation of an animal and its family for sacrifice (22:26-28)

Leviticus 21 & 22 Structure

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Emor #31
~ Say ~

SECOND READING Continued

→ Introduction

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, which they hallow unto Me, and that they profane not My holy name: I am the LORD.
3 Say unto them: Whosoever he be of all your seed throughout your generations, that approacheth unto the holy things, which the children of Israel hallow unto the LORD, having his uncleanness upon him, that soul shall be cut off from before Me: I am the LORD.

→ Concerning Sacred Food

4 What man soever of the seed of Aaron is a leper, or hath an issue, he shall not eat of the holy things, until he be clean. And whoso toucheth any one that is unclean by the dead; or from whomsoever the flow of seed goeth out;
5 or whosoever toucheth any swarming thing, whereby he may be made unclean, or a man of whom he may take uncleanness, whatsoever uncleanness he hath;
6 the soul that toucheth any such shall be unclean until the even, and shall not eat of the holy things, unless he bathe his flesh in water.
7 And when the sun is down, he shall be clean; and afterward he may eat of the holy things, because it is his bread.
8 That which dieth of itself, or is torn of beasts, he shall not eat to defile himself therewith: I am the LORD.
9 They shall therefore keep My charge, lest they bear sin for it, and die therein, if they profane it: I am the LORD who sanctify them.
10 There shall no common man eat of the holy thing; a tenant of a priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.
11 But if a priest buy any soul, the purchase of his money, he may eat of it; and such as are born in his house, they may eat of his bread.
12 And if a priest’s daughter be married unto a common man, she shall not eat of that which is set apart from the holy things.
13 But if a priest’s daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned unto her father’s house, as in her youth, she may eat of her father’s bread; but there shall no common man eat thereof.
14 And if a man eat of the holy thing through error, then he shall put the fifth part thereof unto it, and shall give unto the priest the holy thing.
15 And they shall not profane the holy things of the children of Israel, which they set apart unto the LORD;
16 and so cause them to bear the iniquity that bringeth guilt, when they eat their holy things; for I am the LORD who sanctify them.

THIRD READING

→ Concerning Blemished Sacrificial Animals

17 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
18 Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them: Whosoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that bringeth his offering, whether it be any of their vows, or any of their free-will-offerings, which are brought unto the LORD for a burnt-offering;
19 that ye may be accepted, ye shall offer a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.
20 But whatsoever hath a blemish, that shall ye not bring; for it shall not be acceptable for you.
21 And whosoever bringeth a sacrifice of peace-offerings unto the LORD in fulfilment of a vow clearly uttered, or for a freewill- offering, of the herd or of the flock, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein.
22 Blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scabbed, or scurvy, ye shall not offer these unto the LORD, nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar unto the LORD.
23 Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing too long or too short, that mayest thou offer for a freewill-offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted.
24 That which hath its stones bruised, or crushed, or torn, or cut, ye shall not offer unto the LORD; neither shall ye do thus in your land.
25 Neither from the hand of a foreigner shall ye offer the bread of your God of any of these, because their corruption is in them, there is a blemish in them; they shall not be accepted for you.

→ Additional Criteria for Sacrificial Animals

26 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
27 When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, then it shall be seven days under the dam; but from the eighth day and thenceforth it may be accepted for an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
28 And whether it be cow or ewe, ye shall not kill it and its young both in one day.
29 And when ye sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving unto the LORD, ye shall sacrifice it that ye may be accepted.
30 On the same day it shall be eaten; ye shall leave none of it until the morning: I am the LORD.
31 And ye shall keep My commandments, and do them: I am the LORD.
32 And ye shall not profane My holy name; but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel: I am the LORD who hallow you,

→ Exhortation

33 that brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD.

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) English Verses

Previous & Next Pages


Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 22 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Emor – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 22 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 2 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 22

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain
Leviticus 21

Leviticus 21 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 21 (Vayikra) addresses the priest and their role in holiness. As Israel is called to holiness, so too are their priests. Israel must work to attain holiness whereas their priests must strive to maintain holiness. 

Leviticus 21 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 21 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 21 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. First Reading – vv. 1-15 – Parsha Emor
  2. Second Reading – vv. 16-24 – Parsha Emor

Literary Layout:

  1. Introduction – v. 1a
  2. Mourning – vv. 1b-6
  3. Marriage – vv. 7-8
  4. Addendum on a Priest’s Daughter – v. 9
  5. The High Priest – vv. 10-15
  6. Blemished Priests – vv. 16-23
  7. Subscript – v. 24

Leviticus 21 Structure:

Listed below are two important structures of chapter 21. See explanations below.

Leviticus 21 Structure:

This is an outline to Leviticus 21.
Leviticus 21 Structure

Leviticus 21 & 22 Structure:

Leviticus 21 and 22 are interconnected. In Hebrew they are a single unit of thought. Together they form a chiasm as shown in the outline below.
Leviticus 21 & 22 Structure

Leviticus 21 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Emor #31
~ Say ~

FIRST READING

→ Introduction

1 And the LORD said unto Moses: Speak unto the priests the sons of Aaron, and say unto them:

→ Mourning

There shall none defile himself for the dead among his people;
2 except for his kin, that is near unto him, for his mother, and for his father, and for his son, and for his daughter, and for his brother;
3 and for his sister a virgin, that is near unto him, that hath had no husband, for her may he defile himself.
4 He shall not defile himself, being a chief man among his people, to profane himself.
¶ 5 They shall not make baldness upon their head, neither shall they shave off the corners of their beard, nor make any cuttings in their flesh.
6 They shall be holy unto their God, and not profane the name of their God; for the offerings of the LORD made by fire, the bread of their God, they do offer; therefore, they shall be holy.

→ Marriage

7 They shall not take a woman that is a harlot, or profaned; neither shall they take a woman put away from her husband; for he is holy unto his God.
8 Thou shalt sanctify him; therefore, for he offereth the bread of thy God; he shall be holy unto thee; for I the LORD, who sanctify you, am holy.

→ Addendum on a Priest’s Daughter

9 And the daughter of any priest, if she profane herself by playing the harlot, she profaneth her father: she shall be burnt with fire.

→ The High Priest

10 And the priest that is highest among his brethren, upon whose head the anointing oil is poured, and that is consecrated to put on the garments, shall not let the hair of his head go loose, nor rend his clothes;
11 neither shall he go in to any dead body, nor defile himself for his father, or for his mother;
12 neither shall he go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the consecration of the anointing oil of his God is upon him: I am the LORD.
¶ 13 And he shall take a wife in her virginity.
14 A widow, or one divorced, or a profaned woman, or a harlot, these shall he not take; but a virgin of his own people shall he take to wife.
15 And he shall not profane his seed among his people; for I am the LORD who sanctify him.

SECOND READING

→ Blemished Priests

16 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
17 Speak unto Aaron, saying: Whosoever he be of thy seed throughout their generations that hath a blemish, let him not approach to offer the bread of his God.
18 For whatsoever man he be that hath a blemish, he shall not approach: a blind man, or a lame, or he that hath any thing maimed, or anything too long,
19 or a man that is broken-footed, or broken-handed,
20 or crook-backed, or a dwarf, or that hath his eye overspread, or is scabbed, or scurvy, or hath his stones crushed;
21 no man of the seed of Aaron the priest, that hath a blemish, shall come nigh to offer the offerings of the LORD made by fire; he hath a blemish; he shall not come nigh to offer the bread of his God.
22 He may eat the bread of his God, both of the most holy, and of the holy.
23 Only he shall not go in unto the veil, nor come nigh unto the altar, because he hath a blemish; that he profane not My holy places; for I am the LORD who sanctify them.

→ Subscript

24 So Moses spoke unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel.

Leviticus 21 (Vayikra) English Verses

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Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 21 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Emor – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 21 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 21 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 21

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Anchor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain