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Parsha Vayikra

Parsha Vayikra

Vayikra וַיִּקְרָא is the twenty-fourth parsha reading in the yearly cycle; it is the first in the book of Leviticus (Vayikra) וַיִּקְרָא . Vayikra is translated as “and he called”. I have found six ways to spell it – (1) Vayikra, (2) VaYikra, (3) Va-yikra, (4) Vayiqra,  (5) Wayyiqra, or (6) Wayyiqro. They are all correct.

Parsha Vayikra Summary

Parsha Vayikra וַיִּקְרָא picks up were the book of Exodus (Shemot) ends. This section of text explains the acceptable offerings. We begin with the burnt offering and proceed to the meal offering. We continue with the peace and “sin” offerings. Finally, we will discuss the fifth offering which is called the guilt offering. Our final reading deals with an offering for dishonesty. It introduces the third type of guilt offering. It reveals how monetary misappropriation is a sin towards HaShem.

Vayikra is the first word in the first verse. It is the verbal root word qara. It means to call, proclaim, or read. In the JPS, used here, it is translated as And called. It is highlighted in red below.

א וַיִּקְרָ֖א אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיְדַבֵּ֤ר יְהוָֹה֙ אֵלָ֔יו מֵאֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵ֖ד לֵאמֹֽר

Parsha Vayikra Readings

Torah: Leviticus 1:1-5:26
Halftorah: Isaiah 43:21-44:23
Brit Hahagaddah: Hebrews 10:1-18
Special Readings: Exodus 12:1-20, Ezekiel 45:16-46:15
HaChodesh “The Month” In the 4 weeks leading to Passover the Halftorah is skipped to read the special reading.

Parsha Vayikra Aliyah

First reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 1:1–13
Second reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 1:14–2:6
Third reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 2:7–16
Fourth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 3:1–17
Fifth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 4:1–26
Sixth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 4:27–5:10
Seventh reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 5:11–26

Parsha Vayikra Stats

  • Hebrew letters – 6,222
  • Hebrew words – 1,673
  • Pesukim (sentences) -111
  • Lines in a Torah Scroll- 215
  • Double Count – 20
  • Scribal Practices – 1
  • Hebrew text for Parsha Vayikra
  • Number of Mitzvot in Parsha Vayikra – 0 (16)
  • Maimonides says: 0
    • Positive – 0
    • Negative – 0
  • Sefer ha-Chinuch says: 16
    • Positive – 11
    • Negative – 5

Parsha Vayikra Scriptures

A1: 1:1–13A2: 1:14–2:6A3: 2:7–16A4: 3:1–17A5: 4:1–26A6: 4:27–5:10A7: 5:11–26Haftarah: 43:21-44:23Brit Chadashah: 10.1–18Special Readings: Ex 12:1–20; Ez 45.16-46.15

Leviticus (Vayikra) 1:1–13 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 1)

1 AND the LORD called (קָרָא qara’ ) unto Moses and spoke unto him out of the tent of meeting, saying:
2 Speak ( דָּבַר dabar) unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When any man of you bringeth ( קָרַב qarab) an offering ( קָרְבָּן qorban ) unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd or of the flock.

3 If his offering be a burnt-offering ( עֹלָה `olah) of the herd, he shall offer it a male without blemish; he shall bring it to the door of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD. 4 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the burnt-offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement ( כָּפַר kaphar ) for him.

5 And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD; and Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall present the blood ( דָּם dam), and dash the blood round about against the altar that is at the door of the tent of meeting.
6 And he shall flay ( פָּשַׁט pashat) the burnt-offering and cut it into its pieces.
7 And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay wood in order upon the fire.
8 And Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall lay the pieces, and the head, and the suet, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar;
9 but its inwards and its legs shall he wash with water; and the priest shall make the whole smoke on the altar, for a burnt-offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

10 And if his offering be of the flock, whether of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt-offering, he shall offer it a male without blemish.
11 And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before the LORD; and Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall dash its blood against the altar round about.
12 And he shall cut it into its pieces; and the priest shall lay them, with its head and its suet, in order on the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar.
13 But the inwards and the legs shall he wash with water; and the priest shall offer the whole, and make it smoke upon the altar; it is a burnt-offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 1:14–17 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 2)

14 And if his offering to the LORD be a burnt-offering of fowls ( עוֹף `owph), then he shall bring his offering of turtle-doves ( תּוֹר towr), or of young pigeons (יוֹנָה yownah).
15 And the priest shall bring it unto the altar, and pinch off its head, and make it smoke on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be drained out on the side of the altar.
16 And he shall take away its crop with the feathers thereof, and cast it beside the altar on the east part, in the place of the ashes.
17 And he shall rend it by the wings thereof, but shall not divide it asunder; and the priest shall make it smoke upon the altar, upon the wood that is upon the fire; it is a burnt-offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 2:1–6 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 2)

1 And when any one bringeth a meal-offering ( קָרְבָּן מִנְחָה qorban minchah) unto the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour ( סֹלֶת coleth ); and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense (לְבוֹנָה lĕbownah) thereon.
2 And he shall bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests; and he shall take thereout his handful of the fine flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, together with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall make the memorial-part (אַזְכָּרָה ‘azkarah ) thereof smoke upon the altar, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
3 But that which is left of the meal-offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’; it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

4 And when thou bringest a meal-offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.

5 And if thy offering be a meal-offering baked on a griddle, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil.
6 Thou shalt break it in pieces, and pour oil thereon; it is a meal-offering.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 2:7–16 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 3)

7 And if thy offering be a meal-offering of the stewing-pan ( מַרְחֶשֶׁת marchesheth), it shall be made of fine flour with oil.
8 And thou shalt bring the meal-offering that is made of these things unto the LORD; and it shall be presented unto the priest, and he shall bring it unto the altar.
9 And the priest shall take off from the meal-offering the memorial-part thereof, and shall make it smoke upon the altar—an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
10 But that which is left of the meal-offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’; it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.
11 No meal-offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with leaven (חָמֵץ chametz); for ye shall make no leaven, nor any honey ( דְּבַשׁ dĕbash ), smoke as an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
12 As an offering of first-fruits (רֵאשִׁית re’shiyth) ye may bring them unto the LORD; but they shall not come up for a sweet savour on the altar.
13 And every meal-offering of thine shalt thou season with salt (מֶלַח melach); neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meal-offering; with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.

14 And if thou bring a meal-offering of first-fruits unto the LORD, thou shalt bring for the meal-offering of thy first-fruits corn in the ear parched with fire, even groats of the fresh ear.
15 And thou shalt put oil upon it, and lay frankincense thereon; it is a meal-offering.
16 And the priest shall make the memorial-part of it smoke, even of the groats thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 3:1–17 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 4)

1 And if his offering be a sacrifice of peace-offerings (שֶׁלֶם shelem): if he offer of the herd, whether male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD.
2 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tent of meeting; and Aaron’s sons the priests shall dash the blood against the altar round about.
3 And he shall present of the sacrifice of peace-offerings an offering made by fire unto the LORD: the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
4 and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the lobe above the liver, which he shall take away hard by the kidneys.
5 And Aaron’s sons shall make it smoke on the altar upon the burnt-offering, which is upon the wood that is on the fire; it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

6 And if his offering for a sacrifice of peace-offerings unto the LORD be of the flock, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish.
7 If he bring a lamb for his offering, then shall he present it before the LORD.
8 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it before the tent of meeting; and Aaron’s sons shall dash the blood thereof against the altar round about.
9 And he shall present of the sacrifice of peace-offerings an offering made by fire unto the LORD: the fat thereof, the fat tail entire, which he shall take away hard by the rump-bone; and the fat (חֵלֶב cheleb) that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
10 and the two kidneys (כִּלְיָה kilyah), and the fat that is upon them, which is by the loins (כֶּסֶל kecel), and the lobe above the liver ( כָּבֵד kabed ), which he shall take away by the kidneys.
11 And the priest shall make it smoke upon the altar; it is the food of the offering made by fire unto the LORD.

12 And if his offering be a goat, then he shall present it before the LORD.
13 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of it, and kill it before the tent of meeting; and the sons of Aaron shall dash the blood thereof against the altar round about.
14 And he shall present thereof his offering, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD: the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
15 and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the loins, and the lobe above the liver, which he shall take away by the kidneys.
16 And the priest shall make them smoke upon the altar; it is the food of the offering made by fire, for a sweet savour; all the fat is the LORD’S.
17 It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings, that ye shall eat neither fat nor blood.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 4:1-26 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 5)

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying: If any one shall sin through error, in any of the things which the LORD hath commanded not to be done, and shall do any one of them:
3 if the anointed priest shall sin so as to bring guilt on the people, then let him offer for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the LORD for a sin-offering (חַטָּאָת chatta’ath ).
4 And he shall bring the bullock unto the door of the tent of meeting before the LORD; and he shall lay his hand upon the head of the bullock, and kill the bullock before the LORD.
5 And the anointed priest shall take of the blood of the bullock, and bring it to the tent of meeting.
6 And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD, in front of the veil of the sanctuary.
7 And the priest shall put of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tent of meeting; and all the remaining blood of the bullock shall he pour out at the base of the altar of burnt-offering, which is at the door of the tent of meeting.
8 And all the fat of the bullock of the sin-offering he shall take off from it: the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
9 and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the loins, and the lobe above the liver, which he shall take away by the kidneys,
10 as it is taken off from the ox of the sacrifice of peace-offerings; and the priest shall make them smoke upon the altar of burnt-offering.
11 But the skin of the bullock, and all its flesh, with its head, and with its legs, and its inwards, and its dung,
12 even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire; where the ashes are poured out shall it be burnt.

13 And if the whole congregation of Israel shall err, the thing being hid from the eyes of the assembly, and do any of the things which the LORD hath commanded not to be done, and are guilty:
14 when the sin wherein they have sinned is known, then the assembly shall offer a young bullock for a sin-offering, and bring it before the tent of meeting.
15 And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock before the LORD; and the bullock shall be killed before the LORD.
16 And the anointed priest shall bring of the blood of the bullock to the tent of meeting.
17 And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the LORD, in front of the veil.
18 And he shall put of the blood upon the horns of the altar which is before the LORD, that is in the tent of meeting, and all the remaining blood shall he pour out at the base of the altar of burnt-offering, which is at the door of the tent of meeting.
19 And all the fat thereof shall he take off from it, and make it smoke upon the altar.
20 Thus shall he do with the bullock; as he did with the bullock of the sin-offering, so shall he do with this; and the priest shall make atonement for them, and they shall be forgiven.
21 And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn it as he burned the first bullock; it is the sin-offering for the assembly.

22 When a ruler sinneth, and doeth through error any one of all the things which the LORD his God hath commanded not to be done, and is guilty:
23 if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, be known to him, he shall bring for his offering a goat, a male without blemish.
24 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the goat, and kill it in the place where they kill the burnt-offering before the LORD; it is a sin-offering.
25 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin-offering with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt-offering, and the remaining blood thereof shall he pour out at the base of the altar of burnt-offering.
26 And all the fat thereof shall he make smoke upon the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of peace-offerings; and the priest shall make atonement for him as concerning his sin, and he shall be forgiven.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 4:27-35 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 6)

27 And if any one of the common people sin through error, in doing any of the things which the LORD hath commanded not to be done, and be guilty:
28 if his sin, which he hath sinned, be known to him, then he shall bring for his offering a goat, a female without blemish, for his sin which he hath sinned.
29 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin-offering, and kill the sin-offering in the place of burnt-offering.
30 And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt-offering, and all the remaining blood thereof shall he pour out at the base of the altar.
31 And all the fat thereof shall he take away, as the fat is taken away from off the sacrifice of peace-offerings; and the priest shall make it smoke upon the altar for a sweet savour unto the LORD; and the priest shall make atonement for him, and he shall be forgiven.

32 And if he bring a lamb as his offering for a sin-offering, he shall bring it a female without blemish.
33 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin-offering, and kill it for a sin-offering in the place where they kill the burnt-offering.
34 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin-offering with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt-offering, and all the remaining blood thereof shall he pour out at the base of the altar.
35 And all the fat thereof shall he take away, as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of peace-offerings; and the priest shall make them smoke on the altar, upon the offerings of the LORD made by fire; and the priest shall make atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned, and he shall be forgiven.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 5.1-10 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 5)

1 And if any one sin, in that he heareth the voice of adjuration, he being a witness, whether he hath seen or known, if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity;
2 or if any one touch any unclean thing, whether it be the carcass of an unclean beast, or the carcass of unclean cattle, or the carcass of unclean swarming things, and be guilty, it being hidden from him that he is unclean;
3 or if he touch the uncleanness of man, whatsoever his uncleanness be wherewith he is unclean, and it be hid from him; and, when he knoweth of it, be guilty;
4 or if any one swear clearly with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall utter clearly with an oath, and it be hid from him; and, when he knoweth of it, be guilty in one of these things;
5 and it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that wherein he hath sinned;
6 and he shall bring his forfeit unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a goat; for a sin-offering; and the priest shall make atonement for him as concerning his sin.
7 And if his means suffice not for a lamb, then he shall bring his forfeit for that wherein he hath sinned, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD: one for a sin-offering, and the other for a burnt-offering.
8 And he shall bring them unto the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin-offering first, and pinch off its head close by its neck, but shall not divide it asunder.
9 And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin-offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar; it is a sin-offering.
10 And he shall prepare the second for a burnt-offering, according to the ordinance; and the priest shall make atonement for him as concerning his sin which he hath sinned, and he shall be forgiven.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 5:11–26 (Parsha Vayikra, Aliyah 7)

11 But if his means suffice not for two turtle-doves, or two young pigeons, then he shall bring his offering for that wherein he hath sinned, the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin-offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon; for it is a sin-offering.
12 And he shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it as the memorial-part thereof, and make it smoke on the altar, upon the offerings of the LORD made by fire; it is a sin-offering.
13 And the priest shall make atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in any of these things, and he shall be forgiven; and the remnant shall be the priest’s, as the meal-offering,

14 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
15 If any one commit a trespass, and sin through error, in the holy things of the LORD, then he shall bring his forfeit unto the LORD, a rain without blemish out of the flock, according to thy valuation in silver by shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt-offering.
16 And he shall make restitution for that which he hath done amiss in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest; and the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt-offering, and he shall be forgiven.

17 And if any one sin, and do any of the things which the LORD hath commanded not to be done, though he know it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.
18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, according to thy valuation, for a guilt-offering, unto the priest; and the priest shall make atonement for him concerning the error which he committed, though he knew it not, and he shall be forgiven.
19 It is a guilt-offering—he is certainly guilty before the LORD.

20 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
21 If any one sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and deal falsely with his neighbour in a matter of deposit, or of pledge, or of robbery, or have oppressed his neighbour;
22 or have found that which was lost, and deal falsely therein, and swear to a lie; in any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein;
23 then it shall be, if he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took by robbery, or the thing which he hath gotten by oppression, or the deposit which was deposited with him, or the lost thing which he found,
24 or any thing about which he hath sworn falsely, he shall even restore it in full, and shall add the fifth part more thereto; unto him to whom it appertaineth shall he give it, in the day of his being guilty.
25 And he shall bring his forfeit unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, according to. thy valuation, for a guilt-offering, unto the priest.
26 And the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD, and he shall be forgiven, concerning whatsoever he doeth so as to be guilty thereby.

Isaiah 43.21-28 (Parsha Vayikra, Haftarah)

Isa 43:21  The people which I formed for Myself, that they might tell of My praise.
Isa 43:22  Yet thou hast not called upon Me, O Jacob, neither hast thou wearied thyself about Me, O Israel.
Isa 43:23  Thou hast not brought Me the small cattle of thy burnt-offerings; neither hast thou honoured Me with thy sacrifices. I have not burdened thee with a meal-offering, nor wearied thee with frankincense.
Isa 43:24  Thou hast bought Me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou satisfied Me with the fat of thy sacrifices; but thou hast burdened Me with thy sins, thou hast wearied Me with thine iniquities.
Isa 43:25  I, even I, am He that blotteth out thy transgressions for Mine own sake; and thy sins I will not remember.
Isa 43:26  Put Me in remembrance, let us plead together; declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.
Isa 43:27  Thy first father sinned, and thine intercessors have transgressed against Me.
Isa 43:28  Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and I have given Jacob to condemnation, and Israel to reviling.

Isaiah 44.1-23 (Parsha Vayikra, Haftarah)

Isa 44:1  Yet now hear, O Jacob My servant, and Israel, whom I have chosen;
Isa 44:2  Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, who will help thee: Fear not, O Jacob My servant, and thou, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen.
Isa 44:3  For I will pour water upon the thirsty land, and streams upon the dry ground; I will pour My spirit upon thy seed, and My blessing upon thine offspring;
Isa 44:4  And they shall spring up among the grass, as willows by the watercourses.
Isa 44:5  One shall say: ‘I am the LORD’S’; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel.

Isa 44:6  Thus saith the LORD, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer the LORD of hosts: I am the first, and I am the last, and beside Me there is no God.
Isa 44:7  And who, as I, can proclaim – let him declare it, and set it in order for Me – since I appointed the ancient people? And the things that are coming, and that shall come to pass, let them declare.
Isa 44:8  Fear ye not, neither be afraid; have I not announced unto thee of old, and declared it? And ye are My witnesses. Is there a God beside Me? Yea, there is no Rock; I know not any.

Isa 44:9  They that fashion a graven image are all of them vanity, and their delectable things shall not profit; and their own witnesses see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.
Isa 44:10  Who hath fashioned a god, or molten an image that is profitable for nothing?
Isa 44:11  Behold, all the fellows thereof shall be ashamed; and the craftsmen skilled above men; let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; they shall fear, they shall be ashamed together.
Isa 44:12  The smith maketh an axe, and worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with his strong arm; yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth; he drinketh no water, and is faint.
Isa 44:13  The carpenter stretcheth out a line; he marketh it out with a pencil; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compasses, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man, to dwell in the house.
Isa 44:14  He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the ilex and the oak, and strengtheneth for himself one among the trees of the forest; he planteth a bay-tree, and the rain doth nourish it.
Isa 44:15  Then a man useth it for fuel; and he taketh thereof, and warmeth himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
Isa 44:16  He burneth the half thereof in the fire; with the half thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied; yea, he warmeth himself, and saith: ‘Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire’;
Isa 44:17  And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image; he falleth down unto it and worshippeth, and prayeth unto it, and saith: ‘Deliver me, for thou art my god.’
Isa 44:18  They know not, neither do they understand; for their eyes are bedaubed, that they cannot see, and their hearts, that they cannot understand.
Isa 44:19  And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say: ‘I have burned the half of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh and eaten it; and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? Shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?’
Isa 44:20  He striveth after ashes, a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say: ‘Is there not a lie in my right hand?’

Isa 44:21  Remember these things, O Jacob, and Israel, for thou art My servant; I have formed thee, thou art Mine own servant; O Israel, thou shouldest not forget Me.
Isa 44:22  I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins; return unto Me, for I have redeemed thee.
Isa 44:23  Sing, O ye heavens, for the LORD hath done it; shout, ye lowest parts of the earth; break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein; for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and doth glorify Himself in Israel.

 

Hebrews 10:1-18 (Parsha Vayikra, Renewed Covenant)

Heb 10:1  For since the law has but a shadow of the good things to come instead of the true form of these realities, it can never, by the same sacrifices that are continually offered every year, make perfect those who draw near.
Heb 10:2  Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, since the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have any consciousness of sins?
Heb 10:3  But in these sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year.
Heb 10:4  For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
Heb 10:5  Consequently, when Christ came into the world, he said, “Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired, but a body have you prepared for me;
Heb 10:6  in burnt offerings and sin offerings you have taken no pleasure.
Heb 10:7  Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come to do your will, O God, as it is written of me in the scroll of the book.’”
Heb 10:8  When he said above, “You have neither desired nor taken pleasure in sacrifices and offerings and burnt offerings and sin offerings” (these are offered according to the law),
Heb 10:9  then he added, “Behold, I have come to do your will.” He does away with the first in order to establish the second.
Heb 10:10  And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
Heb 10:11  And every priest stands daily at his service, offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.
Heb 10:12  But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God,
Heb 10:13  waiting from that time until his enemies should be made a footstool for his feet.
Heb 10:14  For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified.
Heb 10:15  And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after saying,
Heb 10:16  “This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws on their hearts, and write them on their minds,”
Heb 10:17  then he adds, “I will remember their sins and their lawless deeds no more.”
Heb 10:18  Where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer any offering for sin.

HaChodesh “The Month” In the 4 weeks leading to Passover the Halftorah is skipped to read the special reading.

Exodus 12:1–20 | Ezekiel 45.1-16 | Ezekiel 46.1-15

Exodus 12:1-20 (Parsha Vayikra, Special Readings)

Exo 12:1  And the LORD spoke unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying:
Exo 12:2  ‘This month shall be unto you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.
Exo 12:3  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying: In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household;
Exo 12:4  and if the household be too little for a lamb, then shall he and his neighbour next unto his house take one according to the number of the souls; according to every man’s eating ye shall make your count for the lamb.
Exo 12:5  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats;
Exo 12:6  and ye shall keep it unto the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at dusk.
Exo 12:7  And they shall take of the blood, and put it on the two side-posts and on the lintel, upon the houses wherein they shall eat it.
Exo 12:8  And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
Exo 12:9  Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof.
Exo 12:10  And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
Exo 12:11  And thus shall ye eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste – it is the LORD’S passover.
Exo 12:12  For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.
Exo 12:13  And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
Exo 12:14  And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
Exo 12:15  Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; howbeit the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses; for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
Exo 12:16  And in the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done by you.
Exo 12:17  And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore shall ye observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance for ever.
Exo 12:18  In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.
Exo 12:19  Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses; for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a sojourner, or one that is born in the land.
Exo 12:20  Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.’

Ezekiel 45.16-25 (Parsha Vayikra, Special Readings)

Eze 45:16  All the people of the land shall give this offering for the prince in Israel.
Eze 45:17  And it shall be the prince’s part to give the burnt-offerings, and the meal-offerings, and the drink-offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all the appointed seasons of the house of Israel; he shall prepare the sin-offering, and the meal-offering, and the burnt-offering, and the peace-offerings, to make atonement for the house of Israel.
Eze 45:18  Thus saith the Lord GOD: In the first month, in the first day of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish; and thou shalt purify the sanctuary.
Eze 45:19  And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin-offering, and put it upon the door-posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court.
Eze 45:20  And so thou shalt do on the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple; so shall ye make atonement for the house.
Eze 45:21  In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover; a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.
Eze 45:22  And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for a sin-offering.
Eze 45:23  And the seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt-offering to the LORD, seven bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily the seven days; and a he-goat daily for a sin-offering.
Eze 45:24  And he shall prepare a meal-offering, an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and a hin of oil to an ephah.
Eze 45:25  In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day of the month, in the feast, shall he do the like the seven days; to the sin-offering as well as the burnt-offering, and the meal-offering as well as the oil.

Ezekiel 46.1-16 (Parsha Vayikra, Special Readings)

ze 46:1  Thus saith the Lord GOD: The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath day it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.
Eze 46:2  And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate without, and shall stand by the post of the gate, and the priests shall prepare his burnt-offering and his peace-offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate; then he shall go forth; but the gate shall not be shut until the evening.
Eze 46:3  Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of that gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the new moons.
Eze 46:4  And the burnt-offering that the prince shall offer unto the LORD shall be in the sabbath day six lambs without blemish and a ram without blemish;
Eze 46:5  and the meal-offering shall be an ephah for the ram, and the meal-offering for the lambs as he is able to give, and a hin of oil to an ephah.
Eze 46:6  And in the day of the new moon it shall be a young bullock without blemish; and six lambs, and a ram; they shall be without blemish;
Eze 46:7  and he shall prepare a meal-offering, an ephah for the bullock, and an ephah for the ram, and for the lambs according as his means suffice, and a hin of oil to an ephah.
Eze 46:8  And when the prince shall enter, he shall go in by the way of the porch of the gate, and he shall go forth by the way thereof.
Eze 46:9  But when the people of the land shall come before the LORD in the appointed seasons, he that entereth by the way of the north gate to worship shall go forth by the way of the south gate; and he that entereth by the way of the south gate shall go forth by the way of the north gate; he shall not return by the way of the gate whereby he came in, but shall go forth straight before him.
Eze 46:10  And the prince, when they go in, shall go in in the midst of them; and when they go forth, they shall go forth together.
Eze 46:11  And in the feasts and in the appointed seasons the meal-offering shall be an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and for the lambs as he is able to give, and a hin of oil to an ephah.
Eze 46:12  And when the prince shall prepare a freewill-offering, a burnt-offering or peace-offerings as a freewill-offering unto the LORD, one shall open for him the gate that looketh toward the east, and he shall prepare his burnt-offering and his peace-offerings, as he doth on the sabbath day; then he shall go forth; and after his going forth one shall shut the gate.
Eze 46:13  And thou shalt prepare a lamb of the first year without blemish for a burnt-offering unto the LORD daily; morning by morning shalt thou prepare it.
Eze 46:14  And thou shalt prepare a meal-offering with it morning by morning, the sixth part of an ephah, and the third part of a hin of oil, to moisten the fine flour: a meal-offering unto the LORD continually by a perpetual ordinance.
Eze 46:15  Thus shall they prepare the lamb, and the meal-offering, and the oil, morning by morning, for a continual burnt-offering.
Eze 46:16  Thus saith the Lord GOD: If the prince give a gift unto any of his sons, it is his inheritance, it shall belong to his sons; it is their possession by inheritance.

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  1. Understanding Parsha Vayikra – 5778/2018

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Parshoit List

  • Vayikra – 24th Parsha – Le. 1.1 – 5.26
  • Tsav – 25th Parsha – Le. 6.1 – 8.36
  • Shemini – 26th Parsha – Le. 9.1 – 11.47
  • Tazria – 27th Parsha – Le. 12.1 – 13.59
  • Metzora – 28th Parsha – Le. 14.1 – 15.33
  • Acharei Mot – 29th Parsha – Le. 16.1 – 18.30
  • Kedoshim – 30th Parsha – Le. 19.1 – 20.27
  • Emor – 31st Parsha – Le. 21.1 – 24.23
  • Behar – 32nd Parsha – Le. 25.1 – 26.2
  • Bechukotai – 33rd Parsha – Le. 26.3 – 27.34
Double Portions are read in the following years: 2023, 2026, 2028, 2029, 2031, 2032, 2034, 2036, 2037

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