Parsha Vayechi וַיְחִי is translated as “And he lived” and is the twelveth Torah reading in the annual reading cycle. There are three ways to spell “Vaychi”, “Vayechi”, or “Vayhi
Parsha Vayechi Summary
Parsha Vayechi begins with a 147 year-old Jacob dying. He asks Joseph to swear to place his body in Machpelah. He agrees. Jacob blesses Manasseh and Ephraim. Then Jacob blesses his sons. Jacob dies and Joseph buries him in Canaan. Joseph promises his brothers everything is good. Joseph’s grandsons are born. Joseph dies.
Vayechi וַיְחִי is the first word and in the Hebrew text (see text below).
וַיְחִ֤י יַֽעֲקֹב֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם שְׁבַ֥ע עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה שָׁנָ֑ה וַיְהִ֤י יְמֵי־יַֽעֲקֹב֙ שְׁנֵ֣י חַיָּ֔יו שֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֔ים וְאַרְבָּעִ֥ים וּמְאַ֖ת שָׁנָֽה
Parsha Vayechi Readings
Torah: Genesis (Bereshit) 47.28 – 50.26
Halftorah: 1 Kings 2.1-12
Brit Hahagaddah: 1 Peter 1.1-9
Parsha Vayechi Aliyah
First reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 47.28 – 48.9
Second reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 48.10-16
Third reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 48.17-22
Fourth reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 49. 1-18
Fifth reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 49.19-26
Sixth reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 49.27-50.20
Seventh reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 50.21-26
Parsha Vayechi Stats
- Hebrew letters – 4,448
- Hebrew words – 1,158
- Pesukim (sentences) – 85
- Lines in a Torah Scroll- 148
- Double Count – 0
- Scribal Practices – 0
- See Hebrew text for Parsha Vayechi
- Number of Mitzvot in Parsha Vayechi – 0
- Maimonides says: 0
- Positive – 0
- Negative – 0
- Sefer ha-Chinuch says: 0
- Positive – 0
- Negative – 0
Parsha Vayechi Scriptures
Genesis (Bereshit) 47.28 – 31 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 1)
Gen 47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; so the days of Jacob, the years of his life, were a hundred forty and seven years.
Gen 47:29 And the time drew near that Israel must die; and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him: ‘If now I have found favour in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt.
Gen 47:30 But when I sleep with my fathers, thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their burying-place.’ And he said: ‘I will do as thou hast said.’
Gen 47:31 And he said: ‘Swear unto me.’ And he swore unto him. And Israel bowed down upon the bed’s head.
Genesis (Bereshit) 48.1 – 9 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 1)
Gen 48:1 And it came to pass after these things, that one said to Joseph: ‘Behold, thy father is sick.’ And he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
Gen 48:2 And one told Jacob, and said: ‘Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee.’ And Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed.
Gen 48:3 And Jacob said unto Joseph: ‘God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me,
Gen 48:4 and said unto me: Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a company of peoples; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
Gen 48:5 And now thy two sons, who were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh, even as Reuben and Simeon, shall be mine.
Gen 48:6 And thy issue, that thou begettest after them, shall be thine; they shall be called after the name of their brethren in their inheritance.
Gen 48:7 And as for me, when I came from Paddan, Rachel died unto me in the land of Canaan in the way, when there was still some way to come unto Ephrath; and I buried her there in the way to Ephrath – the same is Beth-lehem.’
Gen 48:8 And Israel beheld Joseph’s sons, and said: ‘Who are these?’
Gen 48:9 And Joseph said unto his father: ‘They are my sons, whom God hath given me here.’ And he said: ‘Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them.’
Genesis (Bereshit) 48.10 – 16 (Parsha Vayechi , Aliyah 2)
Gen 48:10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them.
Gen 48:11 And Israel said unto Joseph: ‘I had not thought to see thy face; and, lo, God hath let me see thy seed also.’
Gen 48:12 And Joseph brought them out from between his knees; and he fell down on his face to the earth.
Gen 48:13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near unto him.
Gen 48:14 And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the first-born.
Gen 48:15 And he blessed Joseph, and said: ‘The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God who hath been my shepherd all my life long unto this day,
Gen 48:16 the angel who hath redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named in them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.’
Genesis (Bereshit) 48.17 – 22 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 3)
Gen 48:17 And when Joseph saw that his father was laying his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him, and he held up his father’s hand, to remove it from Ephraim’s head unto Manasseh’s head.
Gen 48:18 And Joseph said unto his father: ‘Not so, my father, for this is the first-born; put thy right hand upon his head.’
Gen 48:19 And his father refused, and said: ‘I know it, my son, I know it; he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great; howbeit his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.’
Gen 48:20 And he blessed them that day, saying: ‘By thee shall Israel bless, saying: God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh.’ And he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
Gen 48:21 And Israel said unto Joseph: ‘Behold, I die; but God will be with you, and bring you back unto the land of your fathers.
Gen 48:22 Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.’
Genesis (Bereshit) 49.1 – 18 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 4)
Gen 49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said: ‘Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the end of days.
Gen 49:2 Assemble yourselves, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.
Gen 49:3 Reuben, thou art my first-born, my might, and the first-fruits of my strength; the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power.
Gen 49:4 Unstable as water, have not thou the excellency; because thou wentest up to thy father’s bed; then defiledst thou it – he went up to my couch.
Gen 49:5 Simeon and Levi are brethren; weapons of violence their kinship.
Gen 49:6 Let my soul not come into their council; unto their assembly let my glory not be united; for in their anger they slew men, and in their self-will they houghed oxen.
Gen 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce, and their wrath, for it was cruel; I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
Gen 49:8 Judah, thee shall thy brethren praise; thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s sons shall bow down before thee.
Gen 49:9 Judah is a lion’s whelp; from the prey, my son, thou art gone up. He stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as a lioness; who shall rouse him up?
Gen 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, as long as men come to Shiloh; and unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be.
Gen 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washeth his garments in wine, and his vesture in the blood of grapes;
Gen 49:12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.
Gen 49:13 Zebulun shall dwell at the shore of the sea, and he shall be a shore for ships, and his flank shall be upon Zidon.
Gen 49:14 Issachar is a large-boned ass, couching down between the sheep-folds.
Gen 49:15 For he saw a resting-place that it was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and he bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant under task-work
Gen 49:16 Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel.
Gen 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent in the way, a horned snake in the path, that biteth the horse’s heels, so that his rider falleth backward.
Gen 49:18 I wait for Thy salvation, O Lord.
Genesis (Bereshit) 49.19-26 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 5)
Gen 49:19 Gad, a troop shall troop upon him; but he shall troop upon their heel.
Gen 49:20 As for Asher, his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.
Gen 49:21 Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words.
Gen 49:22 Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine by a fountain; its branches run over the wall.
Gen 49:23 The archers have dealt bitterly with him, and shot at him, and hated him;
Gen 49:24 But his bow abode firm, and the arms of his hands were made supple, by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, from thence, from the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel,
Gen 49:25 Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee, and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee, with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that coucheth beneath, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb.
Gen 49:26 The blessings of thy father are mighty beyond the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills; they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of the prince among his brethren.
Genesis (Bereshit) 49.27-33 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 6)
Gen 49:27 Benjamin is a wolf that raveneth; in the morning he devoureth the prey, and at even he divideth the spoil.’
Gen 49:28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is it that their father spoke unto them and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them.
Gen 49:29 And he charged them, and said unto them: ‘I am to be gathered unto my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,
Gen 49:30 in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a burying-place.
Gen 49:31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah.
Gen 49:32 The field and the cave that is therein, which was purchased from the children of Heth.’
Gen 49:33 And when Jacob made an end of charging his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and expired, and was gathered unto his people.
Genesis (Bereshit) 50.1-20 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 6)
Gen 50:1 And Joseph fell upon his father’s face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.
Gen 50:2 And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. And the physicians embalmed Israel.
Gen 50:3 And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of embalming. And the Egyptians wept for him threescore and ten days.
Gen 50:4 And when the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph spoke unto the house of Pharaoh, saying: ‘If now I have found favour in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears of Pharaoh, saying:
Gen 50:5 My father made me swear, saying: Lo, I die; in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come back.’
Gen 50:6 And Pharaoh said: ‘Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear.’
Gen 50:7 And Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt,
Gen 50:8 and all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father’s house; only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen.
Gen 50:9 And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen; and it was a very great company.
Gen 50:10 And they came to the threshing-floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and there they wailed with a very great and sore wailing; and he made a mourning for his father seven days.
Gen 50:11 And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said: ‘This is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians.’ Wherefore the name of it was called Abel-mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan.
Gen 50:12 And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them.
Gen 50:13 For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field, for a possession of a burying-place, of Ephron the Hittite, in front of Mamre.
Gen 50:14 And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.
Gen 50:15 And when Joseph’s brethren saw that their father was dead, they said: ‘It may be that Joseph will hate us, and will fully requite us all the evil which we did unto him.’
Gen 50:16 And they sent a message unto Joseph, saying: ‘Thy father did command before he died, saying:
Gen 50:17 So shall ye say unto Joseph: Forgive, I pray thee now, the transgression of thy brethren, and their sin, for that they did unto thee evil. And now, we pray thee, forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of thy father.’ And Joseph wept when they spoke unto him.
Gen 50:18 And his brethren also went and fell down before his face; and they said: ‘Behold, we are thy bondmen.’
Gen 50:19 And Joseph said unto them: ‘Fear not; for am I in the place of God?
Gen 50:20 And as for you, ye meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive.
Genesis (Bereshit) 50.21 – 26 (Parsha Vayechi, Aliyah 7)
Gen 50:21 Now therefore fear ye not; I will sustain you, and your little ones.’ And he comforted them, and spoke kindly unto them.
Gen 50:22 And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father’s house; and Joseph lived a hundred and ten years.
Gen 50:23 And Joseph saw Ephraim’s children of the third generation; the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were born upon Joseph’s knees.
Gen 50:24 And Joseph said unto his brethren: ‘I die; but God will surely remember you, and bring you up out of this land unto the land which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.’
Gen 50:25 And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying: ‘God will surely remember you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.’
Gen 50:26 So Joseph died, being a hundred and ten years old. And they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.
1 Kings 2.1 – 12 (Parsha Vayechi, Haftarah)
1Ki 2:1 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying:
1Ki 2:2 ‘I go the way of all the earth; be thou strong therefore, and show thyself a man;
1Ki 2:3 and keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, and His commandments, and His ordinances, and His testimonies, according to that which is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself;
1Ki 2:4 that the LORD may establish His word which He spoke concerning me, saying: If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee, said He, a man on the throne of Israel.
1Ki 2:5 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did unto me, even what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet.
1Ki 2:6 Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace.
1Ki 2:7 But show kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table; for so they drew nigh unto me when I fled from Absalom thy brother.
1Ki 2:8 And, behold, there is with thee Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite, of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at the Jordan, and I swore to him by the LORD, saying: I will not put thee to death with the sword.
1Ki 2:9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless, for thou art a wise man; and thou wilt know what thou oughtest to do unto him, and thou shalt bring his hoar head down to the grave with blood.’
1Ki 2:10 And David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
1Ki 2:11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.
1Ki 2:12 And Solomon sat upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established firmly.
1 Peter 1.1-9 (Parsha Vayechi, Renewed Covenant)
1Pe 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
1Pe 1:2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.
1Pe 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
1Pe 1:4 to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you,
1Pe 1:5 who by God’s power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
1Pe 1:6 In this you rejoice, though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been grieved by various trials,
1Pe 1:7 so that the tested genuineness of your faith—more precious than gold that perishes though it is tested by fire—may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
1Pe 1:8 Though you have not seen him, you love him. Though you do not now see him, you believe in him and rejoice with joy that is inexpressible and filled with glory,
1Pe 1:9 obtaining the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls.
- Covenant & Conversation Commentary – Rabbi Sacks book on Amazon. Parsha Vayechi contains a total of four different articles on pages 331 – 353.
- The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
WSB Show Podcast
- Genesis (Bereshit) Introduction
- Genesis 47 (Bereshit) | Bible Hub Interlinear Genesis 47
- Genesis 48 (Bereshit) | Bible Hub Interlinear Genesis 48
- Genesis 49 (Bereshit) | Bible Hub Interlinear Genesis 49
- Genesis 50 (Bereshit) | Bible Hub Interlinear Genesis 50
- Sefer Bereshit
- Bereshit – 1st Parsha – Gen. 1.1 – 6.8
- Noach – 2nd Parsha – Gen. 6.9 – 11.32
- Lech Lecha – 3rd Parsha – Gen. 12.1 – 17.27
- Vayera – 4th Parsha – Gen. 13.1 – 22.24
- Chayei Sarah – 5th Parsha – Gen. 23.1 – 25.18
- Toledot – 6th Parsha – Gen. 25.29 – 28.9
- Vavetze – 7th Parsha – Gen. 28.20 -32.2(3)
- Vayishlach – 8th Parsha – Gen. 32.3(4) -36.43
- Vayeshev – 9th Parsha – Gen. 37.1 -40.23
- Miketz – 10th Parsha -Gen. 41.1 -44.17
- Vayigash – 11th Parsha – Gen. 44.18 – 47.27
- Vayechi – 12th Parsha – Gen. 47.28 – 50.26
- Hebrew in Israel – Torah Portion Vayechi – Yoel HaLevi’s teaching series Learn Torah on Parsha Vayechi
- Hebrew in Israel – Haftarah Portion Vayechi – Yoel HaLevi teaching series Learn Torah on the Haftarah on Parsha Vayechi
- Torah Pearls #12 – Vayechi– Nehemia Gordan’s teaching on Parsha Vayechi
- Prophet Pearls #12 – Vayechi– Nehemia Gordan’s teaching series on the Haftarah for Parsha Vayechi
- Covenant and Conversion – Rabbi Sacks Video teaching in 5771/2010 on Vayechi.