Toledot תּֽוֹלְדֹ֥ת is translated as “generation” and is the sixth Torah reading in the annual reading cycle. There are three ways to spell “toledot”, “t-o-l-d-o-s”, or “t-o-l’-d-o-t-h”
Toledot parsha summary
In parsha toledot, we begin with Isaac and his descendants. Rebekah becomes pregnant and has a difficult pregnancy. She discovers the twins, Esau and Jacob, are struggling within her because they are both nations. We are given a brief description of the twins. Then our story reveals how Esau sells his birthright to Jacob.
Famine occurs in the land. HaShem instructs Isaac not to leave the land. King Abimelech takes Rebekah and HaShem reveals his displeasure to him. Abimelech confronts Isaac and sends them away. From here Isaac struggles with the Philistines over his father’s wells. Esau marries two women, Judith and Basemath. Isaac blesses Jacob and sends him away to Paddan-aram to Laban his uncle.
Toledot תּֽוֹלְדֹ֥ת is the second word and in the Hebrew text (see text below).
וְאֵ֛לֶּה תּֽוֹלְדֹ֥ת יִצְחָ֖ק בֶּן־אַבְרָהָ֑ם אַבְרָהָ֖ם הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־יִצְחָֽק
- Hebrew letters – 5,426
- Hebrew words – 1,432
- Pesukim (sentences) – 106
- Verses – 106
- Lines in a Torah Scroll- 173
- Number of Mitzvot – 0
- Positive – 0
- Negative – 0
- Double Count – 3 (25.19,30; 27.30)
- Scribal Practices – 1 (diminished qof – 27.46)
- See Hebrew text for Parsha Toledot
Halftorah: Malachi ( ) 1.1- 2.7
Brit Hahagaddah: Romans 9.1 – 13
First reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 25.19 – 26.5
Second reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 26.6 – 12
Third reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 26.13 – 22
Fourth reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 26.23 – 29
Fifth reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 26.30 – 27.27
Sixth reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 27.28 – 28.4
Seventh reading — Genesis (Bereshit) 28.5 – 9
Gen 25:19 And these are the generations of Isaac, Abraham’s son: Abraham begot Isaac.
Gen 25:20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean, of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean, to be his wife.
Gen 25:21 And Isaac entreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren; and the LORD let Himself be entreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
Gen 25:22 And the children struggled together within her; and she said: ‘If it be so, wherefore do I live?’ And she went to inquire of the LORD.
Gen 25:23 And the LORD said unto her: Two nations are in thy womb, and two peoples shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.
Gen 25:24 And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb.
Gen 25:25 And the first came forth ruddy, all over like a hairy mantle; and they called his name Esau.
Gen 25:26 And after that came forth his brother, and his hand had hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called Jacob. And Isaac was threescore years old when she bore them.
Gen 25:27 And the boys grew; and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a quiet man, dwelling in tents.
Gen 25:28 Now Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison; and Rebekah loved Jacob.
Gen 25:29 And Jacob sod pottage; and Esau came in from the field, and he was faint.
Gen 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob: ‘Let me swallow, I pray thee, some of this red, red pottage; for I am faint.’ Therefore was his name called Edom.
Gen 25:31 And Jacob said: ‘Sell me first thy birthright.’
Gen 25:32 And Esau said: ‘Behold, I am at the point to die; and what profit shall the birthright do to me?’
Gen 25:33 And Jacob said: ‘Swear to me first’; and he swore unto him; and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
Gen 25:34 And Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way. So Esau despised his birthright.
Gen 26:1 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.
Gen 26:2 And the LORD appeared unto him, and said: ‘Go not down unto Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of.
Gen 26:3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath which I swore unto Abraham thy father;
Gen 26:4 and I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these lands; and by thy seed shall all the nations of the earth bless themselves;
Gen 26:5 because that Abraham hearkened to My voice, and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws.’
Gen 26:6 And Isaac dwelt in Gerar.
Gen 26:7 And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said: ‘She is my sister’; for he feared to say: ‘My wife’; ‘lest the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah, because she is fair to look upon.’
Gen 26:8 And it came to pass, when he had been there a long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out at a window, and saw, and, behold, Isaac was sporting with Rebekah his wife.
Gen 26:9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and said: ‘Behold, of a surety she is thy wife; and how saidst thou: She is my sister?’ And Isaac said unto him: ‘Because I said: Lest I die because of her.’
Gen 26:10 And Abimelech said: ‘What is this thou hast done unto us? one of the people might easily have lain with thy wife, and thou wouldest have brought guiltiness upon us.’
Gen 26:11 And Abimelech charged all the people, saying: ‘He that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely be put to death.’
Gen 26:12 And Isaac sowed in that land, and found in the same year a hundredfold; and the LORD blessed him.
Gen 26:13 And the man waxed great, and grew more and more until he became very great.
Gen 26:14 And he had possessions of flocks, and possessions of herds, and a great household; and the Philistines envied him.
Gen 26:15 Now all the wells which his father’s servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth.
Gen 26:16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac: ‘Go from us; for thou art much mightier than we.’
Gen 26:17 And Isaac departed thence, and encamped in the valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.
Gen 26:18 And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham; and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them.
Gen 26:19 And Isaac’s servants digged in the valley, and found there a well of living water.
Gen 26:20 And the herdmen of Gerar strove with Isaac’s herdmen, saying: ‘The water is ours.’ And he called the name of the well Esek; because they contended with him.
Gen 26:21 And they digged another well, and they strove for that also. And he called the name of it Sitnah.
Gen 26:22 And he removed from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove not. And he called the name of it Rehoboth; and he said: ‘For now the LORD hath made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.’
Gen 26:23 And he went up from thence to Beer-sheba.
Gen 26:24 And the LORD appeared unto him the same night, and said: ‘I am the God of Abraham thy father. Fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for My servant Abraham’s sake.’
Gen 26:25 And he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there; and there Isaac’s servants digged a well.
Gen 26:26 Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phicol the captain of his host.
Gen 26:27 And Isaac said unto them: ‘Wherefore are ye come unto me, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from you?’
Gen 26:28 And they said: ‘We saw plainly that the LORD was with thee; and we said: Let there now be an oath betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee;
Gen 26:29 that thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not touched thee, and as we have done unto thee nothing but good, and have sent thee away in peace; thou art now the blessed of the LORD.’
Gen 26:30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink.
Gen 26:31 And they rose up betimes in the morning, and swore one to another; and Isaac sent them away, and they departed from him in peace.
Gen 26:32 And it came to pass the same day, that Isaac’s servants came, and told him concerning the well which they had digged, and said unto him: ‘We have found water.’
Gen 26:33 And he called it Shibah. Therefore the name of the city is Beer-sheba unto this day.
Gen 26:34 And when Esau was forty years old, he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite.
Gen 26:35 And they were a bitterness of spirit unto Isaac and to Rebekah.
Gen 27:1 And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his elder son, and said unto him: ‘My son’; and he said unto him: ‘Here am I.’
Gen 27:2 And he said: ‘Behold now, I am old, I know not the day of my death.
Gen 27:3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me venison;
Gen 27:4 and make me savoury food, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die.’
Gen 27:5 And Rebekah heard when Isaac spoke to Esau his son. And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, and to bring it.
Gen 27:6 And Rebekah spoke unto Jacob her son, saying: ‘Behold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy brother, saying:
Gen 27:7 Bring me venison, and make me savoury food, that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before my death.
Gen 27:8 Now therefore, my son, hearken to my voice according to that which I command thee.
Gen 27:9 Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury food for thy father, such as he loveth;
Gen 27:10 and thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, so that he may bless thee before his death.’
Gen 27:11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother: ‘Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man.
Gen 27:12 My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a mocker; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing.’
Gen 27:13 And his mother said unto him: ‘Upon me be thy curse, my son; only hearken to my voice, and go fetch me them.’
Gen 27:14 And he went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother; and his mother made savoury food, such as his father loved.
Gen 27:15 And Rebekah took the choicest garments of Esau her elder son, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son.
Gen 27:16 And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck.
Gen 27:17 And she gave the savoury food and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.
Gen 27:18 And he came unto his father, and said: ‘My father’; and he said: ‘Here am I; who art thou, my son?’
Gen 27:19 And Jacob said unto his father: ‘I am Esau thy first-born; I have done according as thou badest me. Arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me.’
Gen 27:20 And Isaac said unto his son: ‘How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son?’ And he said: ‘Because the LORD thy God sent me good speed.’
Gen 27:21 And Isaac said unto Jacob: ‘Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not.’
Gen 27:22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said: ‘The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of Esau.’
Gen 27:23 And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau’s hands; so he blessed him.
Gen 27:24 And he said: ‘Art thou my very son Esau?’ And he said: ‘I am.’
Gen 27:25 And he said: ‘Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee.’ And he brought it near to him, and he did eat; and he brought him wine, and he drank.
Gen 27:26 And his father Isaac said unto him: ‘Come near now, and kiss me, my son.’
Gen 27:27 And he came near, and kissed him. And he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said: See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the LORD hath blessed.
Gen 27:28 So God give thee of the dew of heaven, and of the fat places of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine.
Gen 27:29 Let peoples serve thee, and nations bow down to thee. Be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother’s sons bow down to thee. Cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be every one that blesseth thee.
Gen 27:30 And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting.
Gen 27:31 And he also made savoury food, and brought it unto his father; and he said unto his father: ‘Let my father arise, and eat of his son’s venison, that thy soul may bless me.’
Gen 27:32 And Isaac his father said unto him: ‘Who art thou?’ And he said: ‘I am thy son, thy first-born, Esau.’
Gen 27:33 And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said: ‘Who then is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed.’
Gen 27:34 When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with an exceeding great and bitter cry, and said unto his father: ‘Bless me, even me also, O my father.’
Gen 27:35 And he said: ‘Thy brother came with guile, and hath taken away thy blessing.’
Gen 27:36 And he said: ‘Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing.’ And he said: ‘Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me?’
Gen 27:37 And Isaac answered and said unto Esau: ‘Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine have I sustained him; and what then shall I do for thee, my son?’
Gen 27:38 And Esau said unto his father: ‘Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father.’ And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.
Gen 27:39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him: Behold, of the fat places of the earth shall be thy dwelling, and of the dew of heaven from above;
Gen 27:40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and thou shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt break loose, that thou shalt shake his yoke from off thy neck.
Gen 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him. And Esau said in his heart: ‘Let the days of mourning for my father be at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.’
Gen 27:42 And the words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah; and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him: ‘Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee.
Gen 27:43 Now therefore, my son, hearken to my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran;
Gen 27:44 and tarry with him a few days, until thy brother’s fury turn away;
Gen 27:45 until thy brother’s anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him; then I will send, and fetch thee from thence; why should I be bereaved of you both in one day?’
Gen 27:46 And Rebekah said to Isaac: ‘I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth. If Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these, of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?’
Gen 28:1 And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him: ‘Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan.
Gen 28:2 Arise, go to Paddan-aram, to the house of Bethuel thy mother’s father; and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy mother’s brother.
Gen 28:3 And God Almighty bless thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a congregation of peoples;
Gen 28:4 and give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee, and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inherit the land of thy sojournings, which God gave unto Abraham.’
Gen 28:5 And Isaac sent away Jacob; and he went to Paddan-aram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob’s and Esau’s mother.
Gen 28:6 Now Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him away to Paddan-aram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying: ‘Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan’;
Gen 28:7 and that Jacob hearkened to his father and his mother, and was gone to Paddan-aram;
Gen 28:8 and Esau saw that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father;
Gen 28:9 so Esau went unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives that he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebaioth, to be his wife.
Mal 1:1 The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.
Mal 1:2 I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say: ‘Wherein hast Thou loved us?’ Was not Esau Jacob’s brother? saith the LORD; yet I loved Jacob;
Mal 1:3 But Esau I hated, and made his mountains a desolation, and gave his heritage to the jackals of the wilderness.
Mal 1:4 Whereas Edom saith: ‘We are beaten down, but we will return and build the waste places’; thus saith the LORD of hosts: They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall be called The border of wickedness, and The people whom the LORD execrateth for ever.
Mal 1:5 And your eyes shall see, and ye shall say: ‘The LORD is great beyond the border of Israel.’
Mal 1:6 A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master; if then I be a father, where is My honour? and if I be a master, where is My fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise My name. And ye say: ‘Wherein have we despised Thy name?’
Mal 1:7 Ye offer polluted bread upon Mine altar. And ye say: ‘Wherein have we polluted thee?’ In that ye say: ‘The table of the LORD is contemptible.’
Mal 1:8 And when ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it no evil! And when ye offer the lame and sick, is it no evil! Present it now unto thy governor; will he be pleased with thee? or will he accept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts.
Mal 1:9 And now, I pray you, entreat the favour of God that He may be gracious unto us! – This hath been of your doing. – Will He accept any of your persons? saith the LORD of hosts.
Mal 1:10 Oh that there were even one among you that would shut the doors, that ye might not kindle fire on Mine altar in vain! I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
Mal 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My name is great among the nations; and in every place offerings are presented unto My name, even pure oblations; for My name is great among the nations, saith the LORD of hosts.
Mal 1:12 But ye profane it, in that ye say: ‘The table of the LORD is polluted, and the fruit thereof, even the food thereof, is contemptible.’
Mal 1:13 Ye say also: ‘Behold, what a weariness is it!’ and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye have brought that which was taken by violence, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye bring the offering; should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.
Mal 1:14 But cursed be he that dealeth craftily, whereas he hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a blemished thing; for I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and My name is feared among the nations.
Mal 2:1 And now, this commandment is for you, O ye priests.
Mal 2:2 If ye will not hearken, and if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory unto My name, saith the LORD of hosts, then will I send the curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings; yea, I curse them, because ye do not lay it to heart.
Mal 2:3 Behold, I will rebuke the seed for your hurt, and will spread dung upon your faces, even the dung of your sacrifices; and ye shall be taken away unto it.
Mal 2:4 Know then that I have sent this commandment unto you, that My covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
Mal 2:5 My covenant was with him of life and peace, and I gave them to him, and of fear, and he feared Me, and was afraid of My name.
Mal 2:6 The law of truth was in his mouth, and unrighteousness was not found in his lips; he walked with Me in peace and uprightness, and did turn many away from iniquity.
Mal 2:7 For the priest’s lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth; for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
Rom 9:1 I am speaking the truth in Christ—I am not lying; my conscience bears me witness in the Holy Spirit—
Rom 9:2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart.
Rom 9:3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh.
Rom 9:4 They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises.
Rom 9:5 To them belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.
Rom 9:6 But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel,
Rom 9:7 and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring, but “Through Isaac shall your offspring be named.”
Rom 9:8 This means that it is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as offspring.
Rom 9:9 For this is what the promise said: “About this time next year I will return, and Sarah shall have a son.”
Rom 9:10 And not only so, but also when Rebekah had conceived children by one man, our forefather Isaac,
Rom 9:11 though they were not yet born and had done nothing either good or bad—in order that God’s purpose of election might continue, not because of works but because of him who calls—
Rom 9:12 she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”
Rom 9:13 As it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”