Shemini שְּׁמִינִי is the twenty-sixth portion in the annual reading and the third in Leviticus (Vayikra) וַיִּקְרָא . Shemini is translated as “eighth”; it’s the third word in the text.
Parsha Shemini שְּׁמִינִי parsha summary
For about a half of year, Israel as a whole, were constructing the tabernacle (mishkan). In parsha Shemini, we pickup after the seven days of installing the priesthood; it is now the eight day. Therefore, it is time for Aaron and his sons to inaugurate the first service. We see the first offerings given. Then tragedy hits, Nadav and Avihu is struck down for offering an inappropriate gift. The next events deals with this issue and finishing and complete the “sin” offering. The remainder section is dealing with the laws of animals that may be consumed by the children of Israel.
Torah: Leviticus 9.1-11.47
Halftorah: II Samuel 6.1-19
Brit Hahagaddah: Hebrews 7.1-19
First reading — Vayikra (Leviticus) 9.1–16
Second reading — Vayikra (Leviticus) 9.17-23
Third reading — Vayikra (Leviticus) 9.24-10.11
Fourth reading — Vayikra (Leviticus) 10.12-15
Fifth reading — Vayikra (Leviticus) 10.16-20
Sixth reading — Vayikra (Leviticus) 11.1-32
Seventh reading — Vayikra (Leviticus) 11.33-47
- Hebrew letters – 4,670
- Hebrew words – 1,238
- Pesukim (sentences) – 91
- Verses – 91
- Lines in a Torah Scroll- 157
- Number of Mitzvot – 17
- Positive – 6
- Negative – 11
- Double Count – 2
- Scribal Practices -2
- See Hebrew text
The Lord Accepts Aaron’s Offering
Lev 9:1 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel;
Lev 9:2 and he said unto Aaron: ‘Take thee a bull-calf for a sin-offering, and a ram for a burnt-offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
Lev 9:3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying: Take ye a he-goat for a sin-offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt-offering;
Lev 9:4 and an ox and a ram for peace-offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meal-offering mingled with oil; for to-day the LORD appeareth unto you.’
Lev 9:5 And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tent of meeting; and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD.
Lev 9:6 And Moses said: ‘This is the thing which the LORD commanded that ye should do; that the glory of the LORD may appear unto you.’
Lev 9:7 And Moses said unto Aaron: ‘Draw near unto the altar, and offer thy sin-offering, and thy burnt-offering, and make atonement for thyself, and for the people; and present the offering of the people, and make atonement for them; as the LORD commanded.’
Lev 9:8 So Aaron drew near unto the altar, and slew the calf of the sin-offering, which was for himself.
Lev 9:9 And the sons of Aaron presented the blood unto him; and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the base of the altar.
Lev 9:10 But the fat, and the kidneys, and the lobe of the liver of the sin-offering, he made smoke upon the altar; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Lev 9:11 And the flesh and the skin were burnt with fire without the camp.
Lev 9:12 And he slew the burnt-offering; and Aaron’s sons delivered unto him the blood, and he dashed it against the altar round about.
Lev 9:13 And they delivered the burnt-offering unto him, piece by piece, and the head; and he made them smoke upon the altar.
Lev 9:14 And he washed the inwards and the legs, and made them smoke upon the burnt-offering on the altar.
Lev 9:15 And the people’s offering was presented; and he took the goat of the sin-offering which was for the people, and slew it, and offered it for sin, as the first.
Lev 9:16 And the burnt-offering was presented; and he offered it according to the ordinance.
Lev 9:17 And the meal-offering was presented; and he filled his hand therefrom, and made it smoke upon the altar, besides the burnt- offering of the morning.
Lev 9:18 He slew also the ox and the ram, the sacrifice of peace-offerings, which was for the people; and Aaron’s sons delivered unto him the blood, and he dashed it against the altar round about,
Lev 9:19 and the fat of the ox, and of the ram, the fat tail, and that which covereth the inwards, and the kidneys, and the lobe of the liver.
Lev 9:20 And they put the fat upon the breasts, and he made the fat smoke upon the altar.
Lev 9:21 And the breasts and the right thigh Aaron waved for a wave-offering before the LORD; as Moses commanded.
Lev 9:22 And Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people, and blessed them; and he came down from offering the sin-offering, and the burnt-offering, and the peace-offerings.
Lev 9:23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting, and came out, and blessed the people; and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people.
Lev 9:24 And there came forth fire from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt-offering and the fat; and when all the people saw it, they shouted, and fell on their faces.
The Death of Nadab and Abihu
Lev 10:1 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire therein, and laid incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them.
Lev 10:2 And there came forth fire from before the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
Lev 10:3 Then Moses said unto Aaron: ‘This is it that the LORD spoke, saying: Through them that are nigh unto Me I will be sanctified, and before all the people I will be glorified.’ And Aaron held his peace.
Lev 10:4 And Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said unto them: ‘Draw near, carry your brethren from before the sanctuary out of the camp.’
Lev 10:5 So they drew near, and carried them in their tunics out of the camp, as Moses had said.
Lev 10:6 And Moses said unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons: ‘Let not the hair of your heads go loose, neither tend your clothes, that ye die not, and that He be not wroth with all the congregation; but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD hath kindled.
Lev 10:7 And ye shall not go out from the door of the tent of meeting, lest ye die; for the anointing oil of the LORD is upon you.’ And they did according to the word of Moses.
Lev 10:8 And the LORD spoke unto Aaron, saying:
Lev 10:9 ‘Drink no wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tent of meeting, that ye die not; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.
Lev 10:10 And that ye may put difference between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;
Lev 10:11 and that ye may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD hath spoken unto them by the hand of Moses.’
Lev 10:12 And Moses spoke unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons that were left: ‘Take the meal-offering that remaineth of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and eat it without leaven beside the altar; for it is most holy.
Lev 10:13 And ye shall eat it in a holy place, because it is thy due, and thy sons’ due, of the offerings of the LORD made by fire; for so I am commanded.
Lev 10:14 And the breast of waving and the thigh of heaving shall ye eat in a clean place; thou, and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee; for they are given as thy due, and thy sons’ due, out of the sacrifices of the peace-offerings of the children of Israel.
Lev 10:15 The thigh of heaving and the breast of waving shall they bring with the offerings of the fat made by fire, to wave it for a wave- offering before the LORD; and it shall be thine, and thy sons’ with thee, as a due for ever; as the LORD hath commanded.’
Lev 10:16 And Moses diligently inquired for the goat of the sin-offering, and, behold, it was burnt; and he was angry with Eleazar and with Ithamar, the sons of Aaron that were left, saying:
Lev 10:17 ‘Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin-offering in the place of the sanctuary, seeing it is most holy, and He hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD?
Lev 10:18 Behold, the blood of it was not brought into the sanctuary within; ye should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary, as I commanded.’
Lev 10:19 And Aaron spoke unto Moses: ‘Behold, this day have they offered their sin-offering and their burnt-offering before the LORD, and there have befallen me such things as these; and if I had eaten the sin-offering to-day, would it have been well-pleasing in the sight of the LORD?
Lev 10:20 And when Moses heard that, it was well-pleasing in his sight.
Clean and Unclean Animals
Lev 11:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them:
Lev 11:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying: These are the living things which ye may eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.
Lev 11:3 Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is wholly cloven-footed, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that may ye eat.
Lev 11:4 Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that only chew the cud, or of them that only part the hoof: the camel, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.
Lev 11:5 And the rock-badger, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.
Lev 11:6 And the hare, because she cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, she is unclean unto you.
Lev 11:7 And the swine, because he parteth the hoof, and is cloven-footed, but cheweth not the cud, he is unclean unto you.
Lev 11:8 Of their flesh ye shall not eat, and their carcasses ye shall not touch; they are unclean unto you.
Lev 11:9 These may ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them may ye eat.
Lev 11:10 And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that swarm in the waters, and of all the living creatures that are in the waters, they are a detestable thing unto you,
Lev 11:11 and they shall be a detestable thing unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, and their carcasses ye shall have in detestation.
Lev 11:12 Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that is a detestable thing unto you.
Lev 11:13 And these ye shall have in detestation among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are a detestable thing: the great vulture, and the bearded vulture, and the ospray;
Lev 11:14 and the kite, and the falcon after its kinds;
Lev 11:15 every raven after its kinds;
Lev 11:16 and the ostrich, and the night-hawk, and the sea-mew, and the hawk after its kinds;
Lev 11:17 and the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl;
Lev 11:18 and the horned owl, and the pelican, and the carrion-vulture;
Lev 11:19 and the stork, and the heron after its kinds, and the hoopoe, and the bat.
Lev 11:20 All winged swarming things that go upon all fours are a detestable thing unto you.
Lev 11:21 Yet these may ye eat of all winged swarming things that go upon all fours, which have jointed legs above their feet, wherewith to leap upon the earth;
Lev 11:22 even these of them ye may eat: the locust after its kinds, and the bald locust after its kinds, and the cricket after its kinds, and the grasshopper after its kinds.
Lev 11:23 But all winged swarming things, which have four feet, are a detestable thing unto you.
Lev 11:24 And by these ye shall become unclean; whosoever toucheth the carcass of them shall be unclean until even.
Lev 11:25 And whosoever beareth aught of the carcass of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
Lev 11:26 Every beast which parteth the hoof, but is not cloven footed, nor cheweth the cud, is unclean unto you; every one that toucheth them shall be unclean.
Lev 11:27 And whatsoever goeth upon its paws, among all beasts that go on all fours, they are unclean unto you; whoso toucheth their carcass shall be unclean until the even.
Lev 11:28 And he that beareth the carcass of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even; they are unclean unto you.
Lev 11:29 And these are they which are unclean unto you among the swarming things that swarm upon the earth: the weasel, and the mouse, and the great lizard after its kinds,
Lev 11:30 and the gecko, and the land-crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand-lizard, and the chameleon.
Lev 11:31 These are they which are unclean to you among all that swarm; whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.
Lev 11:32 And upon whatsoever any of them, when they are dead, doth fall, it shall be unclean; whether it be any vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, whatsoever vessel it be, wherewith any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the even; then shall it be clean.
Lev 11:33 And every earthen vessel whereinto any of them falleth, whatsoever is in it shall be unclean, and it ye shall break.
Lev 11:34 All food therein which may be eaten, that on which water cometh, shall be unclean; and all drink in every such vessel that may be drunk shall be unclean.
Lev 11:35 And every thing whereupon any part of their carcass falleth shall be unclean; whether oven, or range for pots, it shall be broken in pieces; they are unclean, and shall be unclean unto you.
Lev 11:36 Nevertheless a fountain or a cistern wherein is a gathering of water shall be clean; but he who toucheth their carcass shall be unclean.
Lev 11:37 And if aught of their carcass fall upon any sowing seed which is to be sown, it is clean.
Lev 11:38 But if water be put upon the seed, and aught of their carcass fall thereon, it is unclean unto you.
Lev 11:39 And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die, he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.
Lev 11:40 And he that eateth of the carcass of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even; he also that beareth the carcass of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
Lev 11:41 And every swarming thing that swarmeth upon the earth is a detestable thing; it shall not be eaten.
Lev 11:42 Whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all fours, or whatsoever hath many feet, even all swarming things that swarm upon the earth, them ye shall not eat; for they are a detestable thing.
Lev 11:43 Ye shall not make yourselves detestable with any swarming thing that swarmeth, neither shall ye make yourselves unclean with them, that ye should be defiled thereby.
Lev 11:44 For I am the LORD your God; sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy; for I am holy; neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of swarming thing that moveth upon the earth.
Lev 11:45 For I am the LORD that brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
Lev 11:46 This is the law of the beast, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that swarmeth upon the earth;
Lev 11:47 to make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the living thing that may be eaten and the living thing that may not be eaten.