Parsha Nitzavim נִצָּבִים is the fifty-first parsha in the annual reading cycle. It is the seventh reading in Deuteronomy (Devarim). As per Rabbi Sacks, this parsha is the Sanctions: the blessing and the curses of the treaty.
Nitzavim נִצָּבִים is translated as “standing (witnesses)”.
In English, Nitzavim can be spelled 6 ways: (1) Nitzavim, (2) Nitsavim, (3) Nitzabim, (4) Netzavim, (5) Nisavim, or (6) Nesabim
Nitzavim נִצָּבִים is the second word and the first distinctive word in verse 9. See the Hebrew text below.
Parsha Nitzavim Readings
Torah: Deuteronomy (Devarim) 29.9 – 30.20
Halftorah: Isaiah 61.10 – 63.9
Brit Hahagaddah: Jn. 15:1-11
Parsha Nitzavim Aliyah:
First Reading — Deut. (Devarim) 29.9 – 11
Second Reading — Deut. (Devarim) 29.12 – 14
Third Reading — Deut. (Devarim) 29.15 – 28
Fourth Reading — Deut. (Devarim) 30.1 – 6
Fifth Reading — Deut. (Devarim) 30.7 – 10
Sixth Reading — Deut. (Devarim) 30.11 – 14
Seventh Reading — Deut. (Devarim) 30.15 – 20
Parsha Nitzavim Stats
- Hebrew letters – 2,123
- Hebrew words – 553
- Pesukim (sentences) – 30
- Lines in a Torah Scroll- 72
- Double Count – 0
- Scribal Practices – 1 29.27 Enlarged
- Hebrew text for Parsha Nitzavim
- Number of Mitzvot in Parsha Nitzavim
- Maimonides says: 0
- Positive – 0
- Negative – 0
- Sefer ha-Chinuch says: 0
- Positive – 0
- Negative – 0
Deuteronomy (Devarim) 29.9 – 11 (Parsha Nitzavim, Aliyah 1)
Deu 29:9 Therefore keep the words of this covenant and do them, that you may prosper in all that you do.
Deu 29:10 “You are standing today, all of you, before the LORD your God: the heads of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, all the men of Israel,
Deu 29:11 your little ones, your wives, and the sojourner who is in your camp, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water,
Deuteronomy (Devarim) 29.12 – 14 Parsha Nitzavim, Aliyah 2)
Deu 29:12 so that you may enter into the sworn covenant of the LORD your God, which the LORD your God is making with you today,
Deu 29:13 that he may establish you today as his people, and that he may be your God, as he promised you, and as he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
Deu 29:14 It is not with you alone that I am making this sworn covenant,
Deuteronomy (Devarim) 29.15 – 28 (Parsha Nitzavim, Aliyah 3)
Deu 29:15 but with whoever is standing here with us today before the LORD our God, and with whoever is not here with us today.
Deu 29:16 “You know how we lived in the land of Egypt, and how we came through the midst of the nations through which you passed.
Deu 29:17 And you have seen their detestable things, their idols of wood and stone, of silver and gold, which were among them.
Deu 29:18 Beware lest there be among you a man or woman or clan or tribe whose heart is turning away today from the LORD our God to go and serve the gods of those nations. Beware lest there be among you a root bearing poisonous and bitter fruit,
Deu 29:19 one who, when he hears the words of this sworn covenant, blesses himself in his heart, saying, ‘I shall be safe, though I walk in the stubbornness of my heart.’ This will lead to the sweeping away of moist and dry alike.
Deu 29:20 The LORD will not be willing to forgive him, but rather the anger of the LORD and his jealousy will smoke against that man, and the curses written in this book will settle upon him, and the LORD will blot out his name from under heaven.
Deu 29:21 And the LORD will single him out from all the tribes of Israel for calamity, in accordance with all the curses of the covenant written in this Book of the Law.
Deu 29:22 And the next generation, your children who rise up after you, and the foreigner who comes from a far land, will say, when they see the afflictions of that land and the sicknesses with which the LORD has made it sick—
Deu 29:23 the whole land burned out with brimstone and salt, nothing sown and nothing growing, where no plant can sprout, an overthrow like that of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger and wrath—
Deu 29:24 all the nations will say, ‘Why has the LORD done thus to this land? What caused the heat of this great anger?’
Deu 29:25 Then people will say, ‘It is because they abandoned the covenant of the LORD, the God of their fathers, which he made with them when he brought them out of the land of Egypt,
Deu 29:26 and went and served other gods and worshiped them, gods whom they had not known and whom he had not allotted to them.
Deu 29:27 Therefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against this land, bringing upon it all the curses written in this book,
Deu 29:28 and the LORD uprooted them from their land in anger and fury and great wrath, and cast them into another land, as they are this day.’
Deu 29:29 “The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but the things that are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law.
Deuteronomy (Devarim) 30.1 – 6 (Parsha Nitzavim, Aliyah 4)
Deu 30:1 “And when all these things come upon you, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before you, and you call them to mind among all the nations where the LORD your God has driven you,
Deu 30:2 and return to the LORD your God, you and your children, and obey his voice in all that I command you today, with all your heart and with all your soul,
Deu 30:3 then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes and have mercy on you, and he will gather you again from all the peoples where the LORD your God has scattered you.
Deu 30:4 If your outcasts are in the uttermost parts of heaven, from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there he will take you.
Deu 30:5 And the LORD your God will bring you into the land that your fathers possessed, that you may possess it. And he will make you more prosperous and numerous than your fathers.
Deu 30:6 And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your offspring, so that you will love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live.
Deuteronomy (Devarim) 30.7 – 10 (Parsha Nitzavim, Aliyah 5)
Deu 30:7 And the LORD your God will put all these curses on your foes and enemies who persecuted you.
Deu 30:8 And you shall again obey the voice of the LORD and keep all his commandments that I command you today.
Deu 30:9 The LORD your God will make you abundantly prosperous in all the work of your hand, in the fruit of your womb and in the fruit of your cattle and in the fruit of your ground. For the LORD will again take delight in prospering you, as he took delight in your fathers,
Deu 30:10 when you obey the voice of the LORD your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes that are written in this Book of the Law, when you turn to the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
Deuteronomy (Devarim) 30.11 – 14 (Parsha Nitzavim, Aliyah 6)
Deu 30:11 “For this commandment that I command you today is not too hard for you, neither is it far off.
Deu 30:12 It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will ascend to heaven for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’
Deu 30:13 Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will go over the sea for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’
Deu 30:14 But the word is very near you. It is in your mouth and in your heart, so that you can do it.
Deuteronomy (Devarim) 30.15 – 20 (Parsha Nitzavim, Aliyah 7)
Deu 30:15 “See, I have set before you today life and good, death and evil.
Deu 30:16 If you obey the commandments of the LORD your God that I command you today, by loving the LORD your God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules, then you shall live and multiply, and the LORD your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to take possession of it.
Deu 30:17 But if your heart turns away, and you will not hear, but are drawn away to worship other gods and serve them,
Deu 30:18 I declare to you today, that you shall surely perish. You shall not live long in the land that you are going over the Jordan to enter and possess.
Deu 30:19 I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and curse. Therefore choose life, that you and your offspring may live,
Deu 30:20 loving the LORD your God, obeying his voice and holding fast to him, for he is your life and length of days, that you may dwell in the land that the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.”
Isaiah 61.10, 11 (Parsha Nitzavim, Haftarah)
Isa 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD; my soul shall exult in my God, for he has clothed me with the garments of salvation; he has covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself like a priest with a beautiful headdress, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
Isa 61:11 For as the earth brings forth its sprouts, and as a garden causes what is sown in it to sprout up, so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to sprout up before all the nations.
Isaiah 62.1 – 12 (Parsha Nitzavim, Haftarah)
Isa 62:1 For Zion’s sake I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not be quiet, until her righteousness goes forth as brightness, and her salvation as a burning torch.
Isa 62:2 The nations shall see your righteousness, and all the kings your glory, and you shall be called by a new name that the mouth of the LORD will give.
Isa 62:3 You shall be a crown of beauty in the hand of the LORD, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God.
Isa 62:4 You shall no more be termed Forsaken, and your land shall no more be termed Desolate, but you shall be called My Delight Is in Her, and your land Married; for the LORD delights in you, and your land shall be married.
Isa 62:5 For as a young man marries a young woman, so shall your sons marry you, and as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your God rejoice over you.
Isa 62:6 On your walls, O Jerusalem, I have set watchmen; all the day and all the night they shall never be silent. You who put the LORD in remembrance, take no rest,
Isa 62:7 and give him no rest until he establishes Jerusalem and makes it a praise in the earth.
Isa 62:8 The LORD has sworn by his right hand and by his mighty arm: “I will not again give your grain to be food for your enemies, and foreigners shall not drink your wine for which you have labored;
Isa 62:9 but those who garner it shall eat it and praise the LORD, and those who gather it shall drink it in the courts of my sanctuary.”
Isa 62:10 Go through, go through the gates; prepare the way for the people; build up, build up the highway; clear it of stones; lift up a signal over the peoples.
Isa 62:11 Behold, the LORD has proclaimed to the end of the earth: Say to the daughter of Zion, “Behold, your salvation comes; behold, his reward is with him, and his recompense before him.”
Isa 62:12 And they shall be called The Holy People, The Redeemed of the LORD; and you shall be called Sought Out, A City Not Forsaken.
Isaiah 63.1-9 (Parsha Nitzavim, Haftarah)
Isa 63:1 Who is this who comes from Edom, in crimsoned garments from Bozrah, he who is splendid in his apparel, marching in the greatness of his strength? “It is I, speaking in righteousness, mighty to save.”
Isa 63:2 Why is your apparel red, and your garments like his who treads in the winepress?
Isa 63:3 “I have trodden the winepress alone, and from the peoples no one was with me; I trod them in my anger and trampled them in my wrath; their lifeblood spattered on my garments, and stained all my apparel.
Isa 63:4 For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and my year of redemption had come.
Isa 63:5 I looked, but there was no one to help; I was appalled, but there was no one to uphold; so my own arm brought me salvation, and my wrath upheld me.
Isa 63:6 I trampled down the peoples in my anger; I made them drunk in my wrath, and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth.”
Isa 63:7 I will recount the steadfast love of the LORD, the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD has granted us, and the great goodness to the house of Israel that he has granted them according to his compassion, according to the abundance of his steadfast love.
Isa 63:8 For he said, “Surely they are my people, children who will not deal falsely.” And he became their Savior.
Isa 63:9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them; in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old.
John 15:1-11 (Parsha Nitzavim, Renewed Covenant)
Joh 15:1 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser.
Joh 15:2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.
Joh 15:3 Already you are clean because of the word that I have spoken to you.
Joh 15:4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me.
Joh 15:5 I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.
Joh 15:6 If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned.
Joh 15:7 If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you.
Joh 15:8 By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples.
Joh 15:9 As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Abide in my love.
Joh 15:10 If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and abide in his love.
Joh 15:11 These things I have spoken to you, that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be full.
Brit Hahagaddah – The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®)
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Multimedia for Parsha Nitzavim:
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Covenant & Conversation Commentary – Rabbi Sacks book on Amazon. Parsha Reeh contains a total of five different articles on pages 118 – 148.
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
Hebrew in Israel – Torah Portion Nitzavim – Yoel HaLevi’s teaching series Learn Torah on Parsha Nitzavim
Hebrew in Israel – Haftarah Portion Nitzavim– Yoel HaLevi teaching series Learn Torah on the Haftarah on Parsha Nitzavim.
Torah Pearls #51 – Nitzavim – Nehemia Gordan’s teaching on Parsha Nitzavim.
Prophet Pearls – Nitzavim – Nehemia Gordan’s teaching series on the Haftarah for Parsha Nitzavim.
Nitzavim Vayelech – Covenant & Conversation – Rabbi Johnathan Sacks’ YouTube teaching