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Parsha Behar

Parsha Behar

Parsha behar is the thrirty-second reading in the annual cycle.  Behar is translated as “on the mount“. I found four different spellings – “Behar”, “BeHar”, “Be-har”, or “B’har”. 

Parsha Behar Summary

Parsha Behar continues the theme of scared time. It discusses the do’s and don’ts of the sabbatical year (Shemita) and the Jubilee year (Yovel). Shemita and Yovel have very specific details about the land, debts, and indentured servants.

Bahar is the fifth Hebrew word in the text. It is highlighted in red. You can see it and additional details about this Torah portion below.

א וַיְדַבֵּ֤ר יְהוָֹה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה בְּהַ֥ר סִינַ֖י לֵאמֹֽר:

Parsha Behar Readings

Torah: Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.1-27:34
Halftorah: Jeremiah 32.6-27
Brit Hahagaddah: Luke 4.16–21

Parsha Behar Aliyah

First reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.1-13
Second reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.14 – 18
Third reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.19 – 24
Fourth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.25 – 28
Fifth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.29 – 38
Sixth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.39 – 46
Seventh reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.47 – 26.2

Parsha Behar Stats

  • Hebrew letters – 6,106
  • Hebrew words – 1,614
  • Pesukim (sentences) – 124
  • Lines in a Torah Scroll – 215
  • Double Count – 0
  • Scribal Practices – 0
  • See Hebrew text for Parshat Behar
  • Number of Mitzvot in Parsha Behar – 0 (24)
  • Maimonides says: 0
    • Positive – 0
    • Negative – 0
  • Sefer ha-Chinuch says: 24
    • Positive – 7
    • Negative – 17

Parsha Behar Scriptures

A1: 25.1-13A2: 25.14–18A3: 25.19–24A4: 25.25–28A5: 25.29-38A6: 25.39–46A7: 25.47–26.2Halftorah: Jeremiah 32.6-27 Brit Hahagaddah: Luke 4.16–21

Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.1-13 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 1)

Lev 25:19  And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat until ye have enough, and dwell therein in safety.
Lev 25:20  And if ye shall say: ‘What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we may not sow, nor gather in our increase’;
Lev 25:21  then I will command My blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth produce for the three years.
Lev 25:22  And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat of the produce, the old store; until the ninth year, until her produce come in, ye shall eat the old store.

Lev 25:19  And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat until ye have enough, and dwell therein in safety.
Lev 25:20  And if ye shall say: ‘What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we may not sow, nor gather in our increase’;
Lev 25:21  then I will command My blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth produce for the three years.
Lev 25:22  And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat of the produce, the old store; until the ninth year, until her produce come in, ye shall eat the old store.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.14–18 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 2)

Lev 25:19  And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat until ye have enough, and dwell therein in safety.
Lev 25:20  And if ye shall say: ‘What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we may not sow, nor gather in our increase’;
Lev 25:21  then I will command My blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth produce for the three years.
Lev 25:22  And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat of the produce, the old store; until the ninth year, until her produce come in, ye shall eat the old store.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.19–24 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 3)

Lev 25:19  And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat until ye have enough, and dwell therein in safety.
Lev 25:20  And if ye shall say: ‘What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we may not sow, nor gather in our increase’;
Lev 25:21  then I will command My blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth produce for the three years.
Lev 25:22  And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat of the produce, the old store; until the ninth year, until her produce come in, ye shall eat the old store.

Lev 25:23  And the land shall not be sold in perpetuity; for the land is Mine; for ye are strangers and settlers with Me.
Lev 25:24  And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.25–28 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 4)

Lev 25:29  And if a man sell a dwelling-house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; for a full year shall he have the right of redemption.
Lev 25:30  And if it be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city shall be made sure in perpetuity to him that bought it, throughout his generations; it shall not go out in the jubilee.
Lev 25:31  But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be reckoned with the fields of the country; they may be redeemed, and they shall go out in the jubilee.
Lev 25:32  But as for the cities of the Levites, the houses of the cities of their possession, the Levites shall have a perpetual right of redemption.
Lev 25:33  And if a man purchase of the Levites, then the house that was sold in the city of his possession, shall go out in the jubilee; for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.
Lev 25:34  But the fields of the open land about their cities may not be sold; for that is their perpetual possession.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.29-38 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 5)

Lev 25:29  And if a man sell a dwelling-house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; for a full year shall he have the right of redemption.
Lev 25:30  And if it be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city shall be made sure in perpetuity to him that bought it, throughout his generations; it shall not go out in the jubilee.
Lev 25:31  But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be reckoned with the fields of the country; they may be redeemed, and they shall go out in the jubilee.
Lev 25:32  But as for the cities of the Levites, the houses of the cities of their possession, the Levites shall have a perpetual right of redemption.
Lev 25:33  And if a man purchase of the Levites, then the house that was sold in the city of his possession, shall go out in the jubilee; for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.
Lev 25:34  But the fields of the open land about their cities may not be sold; for that is their perpetual possession.

Lev 25:35  And if thy brother be waxen poor, and his means fail with thee; then thou shalt uphold him: as a stranger and a settler shall he live with thee.
Lev 25:36  Take thou no interest of him or increase; but fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee.
Lev 25:37  Thou shalt not give him thy money upon interest, nor give him thy victuals for increase.
Lev 25:38  I am the LORD your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, to be your God.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.39–46 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 6)

Lev 25:39  And if thy brother be waxen poor with thee, and sell himself unto thee, thou shalt not make him to serve as a bondservant.
Lev 25:40  As a hired servant, and as a settler, he shall be with thee; he shall serve with thee unto the year of jubilee.
Lev 25:41  Then shall he go out from thee, he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return.
Lev 25:42  For they are My servants, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as bondmen.
Lev 25:43  Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God.
Lev 25:44  And as for thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, whom thou mayest have: of the nations that are round about you, of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.
Lev 25:45  Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them may ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they have begotten in your land; and they may be your possession.
Lev 25:46  And ye may make them an inheritance for your children after you, to hold for a possession: of them may ye take your bondmen for ever; but over your brethren the children of Israel ye shall not rule, one over another, with rigour.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 25.47 – 55 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 7)

Lev 25:47  And if a stranger who is a settler with thee be waxen rich, and thy brother be waxen poor beside him, and sell himself unto the stranger who is a settler with thee, or to the offshoot of a stranger’s family,
Lev 25:48  after that he is sold he may be redeemed; one of his brethren may redeem him;
Lev 25:49  or his uncle, or his uncle’s son, may redeem him, or any that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be waxen rich, he may redeem himself.
Lev 25:50  And he shall reckon with him that bought him from the year that he sold himself to him unto the year of jubilee; and the price of his sale shall be according unto the number of years; according to the time of a hired servant shall he be with him.
Lev 25:51  If there be yet many years, according unto them he shall give back the price of his redemption out of the money that he was bought for.
Lev 25:52  And if there remain but few years unto the year of jubilee, then he shall reckon with him; according unto his years shall he give back the price of his redemption.
Lev 25:53  As a servant hired year by year shall he be with him; he shall not rule with rigour over him in thy sight.
Lev 25:54  And if he be not redeemed by any of these means, then he shall go out in the year of jubilee, he, and his children with him.
Lev 25:55  For unto Me the children of Israel are servants; they are My servants whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.

Leviticus (Vayikra) 26.1, 2 (Parsha Behar, Aliyah 7)

Lev 26:1  Ye shall make you no idols, neither shall ye rear you up a graven image, or a pillar, neither shall ye place any figured stone in your land, to bow down unto it; for I am the LORD your God.
Lev 26:2  Ye shall keep My sabbaths, and reverence My sanctuary: I am the LORD.

Jeremiah 32.6-27 (Parsha Behar, Haftarah)

Jer 32:6 And Jeremiah said: ‘The word of the LORD came unto me, saying:
Jer 32:7  Behold, Hanamel, the son of Shallum thine uncle, shall come unto thee, saying: Buy thee my field that is in Anathoth; for the right of redemption is thine to buy it.’
Jer 32:8  So Hanamel mine uncle’s son came to me in the court of the guard according to the word of the LORD, and said unto me: ‘Buy my field, I pray thee, that is in Anathoth, which is in the land of Benjamin; for the right of inheritance is thine, and the redemption is thine; buy it for thyself.’ Then I knew that this was the word of the LORD.
Jer 32:9  And I bought the field that was in Anathoth of Hanamel mine uncle’s son, and weighed him the money, even seventeen shekels of silver.
Jer 32:10  And I subscribed the deed, and sealed it, and called witnesses, and weighed him the money in the balances.
Jer 32:11  So I took the deed of the purchase, both that which was sealed, containing the terms and conditions, and that which was open;
Jer 32:12  and I delivered the deed of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, in the presence of Hanamel mine uncle ‘s son, and in the presence of the witnesses that subscribed the deed of the purchase, before all the Jews that sat in the court of the guard.
Jer 32:13  And I charged Baruch before them, saying:
Jer 32:14  ‘Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Take these deeds, this deed of the purchase, both that which is sealed, and this deed which is open, and put them in an earthen vessel; that they may continue many days.
Jer 32:15  For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Houses and fields and vineyards shall yet again be bought in this land.’

Jer 32:16  Now after I had delivered the deed of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, I prayed unto the LORD, saying:
Jer 32:17  ‘Ah Lord GOD! behold, Thou hast made the heaven and the earth by Thy great power and by Thy outstretched arm; there is nothing too hard for Thee;
Jer 32:18  who showest mercy unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them; the great, the mighty God, the LORD of hosts is His name;
Jer 32:19  great in counsel, and mighty in work; whose eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men, to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings;
Jer 32:20  who didst set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, even unto this day, and in Israel and among other men; and madest Thee a name, as at this day;
Jer 32:21  and didst bring forth Thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terror;
Jer 32:22  and gavest them this land, which Thou didst swear to their fathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey;
Jer 32:23  and they came in, and possessed it; but they hearkened not to Thy voice, neither walked in Thy law; they have done nothing of all that Thou commandedst them to do; therefore Thou hast caused all this evil to befall them;
Jer 32:24  behold the mounds, they are come unto the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans that fight against it, because of the sword, and of the famine, and of the pestilence; and what Thou hast spoken is come to pass; and, behold, Thou seest it.
Jer 32:25  Yet Thou hast said unto me, O Lord GOD: Buy thee the field for money, and call witnesses; whereas the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.’
Jer 32:26  Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying:
Jer 32:27  ‘Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh; is there any thing too hard for Me?

Luke 4.16–21 (Parsha Behar, Renewed Covenant)

Luk 4:16  And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. And as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read.
Luk 4:17  And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written,
Luk 4:18  “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed,
Luk 4:19  to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”
Luk 4:20  And he rolled up the scroll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him.
Luk 4:21  And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”

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Scripture Text

Parshoit List

  • Vayikra – 24th Parsha – Le. 1.1 – 5.26
  • Tsav – 25th Parsha – Le. 6.1 – 8.36
  • Shemini – 26th Parsha – Le. 9.1 – 11.47
  • Tazria – 27th Parsha – Le. 12.1 – 13.59
  • Metzora – 28th Parsha – Le. 14.1 – 15.33
  • Acharei Mot – 29th Parsha – Le. 16.1 – 18.30
  • Kedoshim – 30th Parsha – Le. 19.1 – 20.27
  • Emor – 31st Parsha – Le. 21.1 – 24.23
  • Behar – 32nd Parsha – Le. 25.1 – 26.2
  • Bechukotai – 33rd Parsha – Le. 26.3 – 27.34
Double Portions are read in the following years: 2023, 2026, 2028, 2029, 2031, 2032, 2034, 2036, 2037

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