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Leviticus 24 (Vayikra)

Leviticus 24

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) teaches about the oil for the lamp and the bread for the table in the tabernacle. We then have a story about a blasphemer, immediately following this story we are given the measure for measure laws. Moses and the people take the blasphemer outside of the camp and stone him.

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 24 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Seventh Reading – vv. 1-16 – Parsha Emor

Literary Layout:

  1. Oil for the Tabernacle Lamps – vv. 1-4
  2. Bread for the Tabernacle Table – vv. 5-9
  3. The Case of the Blasphemer – vv. 10-16
  4. The Talion Laws – vv.17-22
  5. The Compliance Report – v. 23

Leviticus 24 Structure:

Coming Soon!

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Emor #31
~ Say ~

SEVENTH READING

→ Oil for the Tabernacle Lamps

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 ‘Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure olive oil beaten for the light, to cause a lamp to burn continually.
3 Without the veil of the testimony, in the tent of meeting, shall Aaron order it from evening to morning before the LORD continually; it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations.
4 He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the LORD continually.

→ Bread for the Tabernacle Table

5 And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one cake.
6 And thou shalt set them in two rows, six in a row, upon the pure table before the LORD.
7 And thou shalt put pure frankincense with each row, that it may be to the bread for a memorial-part, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
8 Every sabbath day he shall set it in order before the LORD continually; it is from the children of Israel, an everlasting covenant.
9 And it shall be for Aaron and his sons; and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy unto him of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, a perpetual due.’

→ The Case of the Blasphemer

10 And the son of an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel; and the son of the Israelitish woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp.
11 And the son of the Israelitish woman blasphemed the Name, and cursed; and they brought him unto Moses. And his mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.
12 And they put him in ward, that it might be declared unto them at the mouth of the LORD.
13 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
14 ‘Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him.
15 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying: Whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin.
16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him; as well the stranger, as the home-born, when he blasphemeth the Name, shall be put to death.

→ The Talion Laws

17 And he that smiteth any man mortally shall surely be put to death.
18 And he that smiteth a beast mortally shall make it good: life for life.
19 And if a man maim his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him:
20 breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; as he hath maimed a man, so shall it be rendered unto him.
21 And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; and he that killeth a man shall be put to death.
22 Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for the home-born; for I am the LORD your God.’

→ The Compliance Report

23 And Moses spoke to the children of Israel, and they brought forth him that had cursed out of the camp, and stoned him with stones. And the children of Israel did as the LORD commanded Moses

Leviticus 24 (Vayikra) English Verses

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Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 24 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Emor – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 24 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 25 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 25

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain