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Leviticus 22 (Vayikra)

Leviticus 22

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) Summary

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) is a continuation of chapter 21. There are two major topics in this chapter. The first is the priestly prohibitions regarding sacred food. The second is prohibitions on all Israel, including the priests, regarding the animals for offerings. This chapter ends with an exhortation.

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) Outline

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) The traditional verse division, (2) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions, and (3) the Literary Layout per Jacob Milgrom. Click the caret below to navigate using the Torah Portions and Literary Layout.

Click to see Leviticus 22 Outline

Torah Portions:

  1. Second Reading Con’t – vv. 1-16 – Parsha Emor
  2. Third Reading – vv. 17-3 – Parsha Emor

Literary Layout:

  1. Introduction – vv. 1-3
  2. Concerning Sacred Food – vv. 4-16
  3. Concerning Blemished Sacrificial Animals – vv. 17-25
  4. Additional Criteria for Sacrificial Animals – vv. 26-30
  5. Exhortation – vv. 31-33

Leviticus 22 Structure:

Listed below are two important structures of chapter 22. See explanations below.

Leviticus 22 Structure:

This is an outline to Leviticus 22.

Leviticus 22 Structure

Leviticus 21 & 22 Structure:

Leviticus 21 and 22 are interconnected. In Hebrew they are a single unit of thought. Together they form a chiasm as shown in the outline below.

  • A. Relation of a priest to his family for sacrifice (21:1-15)
    • B. Blemishes of priests who sacrifice (21:16-23)
      • X. How a priest should avoid desecration of sacrifices (22:1-16)
    • B’. Blemishes of animals for sacrifice (22:17-25)
  • A’. Relation of an animal and its family for sacrifice (22:26-28)

Leviticus 21 & 22 Structure

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) English Verses

Parsha Emor #31
~ Say ~

SECOND READING Continued

→ Introduction

1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
2 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, which they hallow unto Me, and that they profane not My holy name: I am the LORD.
3 Say unto them: Whosoever he be of all your seed throughout your generations, that approacheth unto the holy things, which the children of Israel hallow unto the LORD, having his uncleanness upon him, that soul shall be cut off from before Me: I am the LORD.

→ Concerning Sacred Food

4 What man soever of the seed of Aaron is a leper, or hath an issue, he shall not eat of the holy things, until he be clean. And whoso toucheth any one that is unclean by the dead; or from whomsoever the flow of seed goeth out;
5 or whosoever toucheth any swarming thing, whereby he may be made unclean, or a man of whom he may take uncleanness, whatsoever uncleanness he hath;
6 the soul that toucheth any such shall be unclean until the even, and shall not eat of the holy things, unless he bathe his flesh in water.
7 And when the sun is down, he shall be clean; and afterward he may eat of the holy things, because it is his bread.
8 That which dieth of itself, or is torn of beasts, he shall not eat to defile himself therewith: I am the LORD.
9 They shall therefore keep My charge, lest they bear sin for it, and die therein, if they profane it: I am the LORD who sanctify them.
10 There shall no common man eat of the holy thing; a tenant of a priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.
11 But if a priest buy any soul, the purchase of his money, he may eat of it; and such as are born in his house, they may eat of his bread.
12 And if a priest’s daughter be married unto a common man, she shall not eat of that which is set apart from the holy things.
13 But if a priest’s daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned unto her father’s house, as in her youth, she may eat of her father’s bread; but there shall no common man eat thereof.
14 And if a man eat of the holy thing through error, then he shall put the fifth part thereof unto it, and shall give unto the priest the holy thing.
15 And they shall not profane the holy things of the children of Israel, which they set apart unto the LORD;
16 and so cause them to bear the iniquity that bringeth guilt, when they eat their holy things; for I am the LORD who sanctify them.

THIRD READING

→ Concerning Blemished Sacrificial Animals

17 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
18 Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them: Whosoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that bringeth his offering, whether it be any of their vows, or any of their free-will-offerings, which are brought unto the LORD for a burnt-offering;
19 that ye may be accepted, ye shall offer a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.
20 But whatsoever hath a blemish, that shall ye not bring; for it shall not be acceptable for you.
21 And whosoever bringeth a sacrifice of peace-offerings unto the LORD in fulfilment of a vow clearly uttered, or for a freewill- offering, of the herd or of the flock, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein.
22 Blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scabbed, or scurvy, ye shall not offer these unto the LORD, nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar unto the LORD.
23 Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing too long or too short, that mayest thou offer for a freewill-offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted.
24 That which hath its stones bruised, or crushed, or torn, or cut, ye shall not offer unto the LORD; neither shall ye do thus in your land.
25 Neither from the hand of a foreigner shall ye offer the bread of your God of any of these, because their corruption is in them, there is a blemish in them; they shall not be accepted for you.

→ Additional Criteria for Sacrificial Animals

26 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
27 When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, then it shall be seven days under the dam; but from the eighth day and thenceforth it may be accepted for an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
28 And whether it be cow or ewe, ye shall not kill it and its young both in one day.
29 And when ye sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving unto the LORD, ye shall sacrifice it that ye may be accepted.
30 On the same day it shall be eaten; ye shall leave none of it until the morning: I am the LORD.
31 And ye shall keep My commandments, and do them: I am the LORD.
32 And ye shall not profane My holy name; but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel: I am the LORD who hallow you,

→ Exhortation

33 that brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD.

Leviticus 22 (Vayikra) English Verses

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Leviticus ChaptersLeviticus 22 ResourcesCopyright

WSB Links

  1. Parsha Emor – The Parsha page containing Stats, Readings, and additional links.
  2. Sefer Vayikra- Chapter 22 – The Hebrew text for this chapter.
  3.  Leviticus/Vayikra Chapter 2 Interlinear – Coming Soon

Online Resources

  1. Bible Hub Interlinear Chapter 22

Offline Resources

Chumash

  1. The Schocken Bible: Volume 1, The Five Books of Moses | Schocken Books | Everett Fox – My Hebrew teacher, Yoel HaLevi, has stated this is the best English translation he has heard. It is a first in a three-volume series translated by rabbis for Jewish English readers.
  2. The Steinsaltz Humash | Koren Publishers | Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz – The Late Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz was renowned for his Koren Talmud. He has been called the modern Rashi.
  3. The Pentateuch & Haftorahs | The Soncino Press | Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teachings. Many consider this a must have for any personal library. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.
  4. The Living Torah | Maznaim Publishing | Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan – Rabbi Kaplan is well known for working with texts from Kabbalah. In the Translator’s Introduction he writes, “It (this book) is meant to be a book that can be given to a boy on the day of his Bar Mitzvah, and yet remain the subject of lifelong study.”

Commentaries

  1. Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics: Continental Commentaries| Fortress Press | Professor Joseph Milgrom – He is the leading authority on the book of Leviticus. This is the scaled down version of his three-volume work in the Archor Bible Series.
  2. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus | Jewish Publication Society | Dr. Baruch A. Levine – This is a semi-scholarly work that is required reading for anyone wanting to study the book of Leviticus.
  3. Covenant & Conversation Commentary | Schocken Books | Rabbi Jonathan Sacks – The Late Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.
  4. The Parsha with Rabbi Juravel: Sefer Vayikra | MC Publications | Rabbi M. Feinzeig – Rabbi Juravel is well-known for his teachings for children. This series were created from his famous children’s teachings. In my opinion, everyone new to Jewish studies should start their studies here.

Hebrew Resources

  1. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon | Hendrickson Pub. | Francis Brown – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.
The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain