Deuteronomy 7 (Devarim)

Deuteronomy 7 Outline: (vv 1-5) The seven nations to be destroyed in the Promise Land (vv 6-8) YHVH’s love for Israel (vv 9-11) YHVH’s faithfulness, repays evildoers, and Keeping the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, Parshah Eikev Begins (vv 12- 16) If Israel obeys, YHVH will keep the covenant (vv 17- 24) Don’t be afraid YhVH will give Israel victory (vv 25-26) Destroy graven images & avoid the abomination.
Hebrew

Deuteronomy 7 Verses
KJV
1 When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;

2 And when the Lord thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them:

3 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.

4 For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly.

5 But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.

6 For thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy God: the Lord thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth.

7 The Lord did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye were the fewest of all people:

8 But because the Lord loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the Lord brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

9 Know therefore that the Lord thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations;

10 And repayeth them that hate him to their face, to destroy them: he will not be slack to him that hateth him, he will repay him to his face.

11 Thou shalt therefore keep the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I command thee this day, to do them.

1917 Tanakh
1 When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and shall cast out many nations before thee, the Hittite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, seven nations greater and mightier than thou; 2 and when the LORD thy God shall deliver them up before thee, and thou shalt smite them; then thou shalt utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor show mercy unto them; 3 neither shalt thou make marriages with them: thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. 4 For he will turn away thy son from following Me, that they may serve other gods; so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and He will destroy thee quickly. 5 But thus shall ye deal with them: ye shall break down their altars, and dash in pieces their pillars, and hew down their Asherim, and burn their graven images with fire. 6 For thou art a holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be His own treasure, out of all peoples that are upon the face of the earth. 7 The LORD did not set His love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people—for ye were the fewest of all peoples— 8 but because the LORD loved you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. 9 Know therefore that the LORD thy God, He is God; the faithful God, who keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations; 10 and repayeth them that hate Him to their face, to destroy them; He will not be slack to him that hateth Him, He will repay him to his face. 11 Thou shalt therefore keep the commandment, and the statutes, and the ordinances, which I command thee this day, to do them.

Deuteronomy 7 Eikev:
Parshah Eikev Begins

Deuteronomy 7: Eikev

KJV
12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, if ye 1 hearken to these judgments, and keep, and do them, that the Lord thy God shall keep unto thee the covenant and the mercy which he sware unto thy fathers:

13 And he will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee: he will also bless the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the land which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee.

14 Thou shalt be blessed above all people: there shall not be male or female barren among you, or among your cattle.

15 And the Lord will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate thee.

16 And thou shalt consume 2 all the people which the Lord thy God shall deliver thee; thine eye shall have no pity upon them: neither shalt thou serve their gods; for that will be a snare unto thee.

17 If thou shalt say in thine heart, These nations are more than I; how can I dispossess them?

18 Thou shalt not be afraid of them: but shalt well remember what the Lord thy God did unto Pharaoh, and unto all Egypt;

19 The great temptations which thine eyes saw 3, and the signs, and the wonders, and the mighty hand, and the stretched out arm, whereby the Lord thy God brought thee out: so shall the Lord thy God do unto all the people of whom thou art afraid.

20 Moreover the Lord thy God will send the hornet 4 among them, until they that are left, and hide themselves from thee, be destroyed.

21 Thou shalt not be affrighted at them: for the Lord thy God is among you, a mighty God and terrible 5.

22 And the Lord thy God will put out those nations before thee by little and little: thou mayest not consume them at once, lest the beasts of the field increase upon thee.

23 But the Lord thy God shall deliver them unto thee, and shall destroy them with a mighty destruction, until they be destroyed.

24 And he shall deliver their kings into thine hand, and thou shalt destroy their name from under heaven: there shall no man be able to stand before thee, until thou have destroyed them.

25 The graven images of their gods shall ye burn with fire: thou shalt not desire the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it unto thee, lest thou be snared therin: for it is an abomination to the Lord thy God.

26 Neither shalt thou bring an abomination into thine house, lest thou be a cursed thing like it: but thou shalt utterly detest it, and thou shalt utterly abhor it; for it is a cursed thing.
1917 Tanakh
12 And it shall come to pass, because ye hearken to these ordinances, and keep, and do them, that the LORD thy God shall keep with thee the covenant and the mercy which He swore unto thy fathers,
13 and He will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee; He will also bless the fruit of thy body and the fruit of thy land, thy corn and thy wine and thine oil, the increase of thy kine and the young of thy flock, in the land which He swore unto thy fathers to give thee. 14 Thou shalt be blessed above all peoples; there shall not be male or female barren among you, or among your cattle. 15 And the LORD will take away from thee all sickness; and He will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee, but will lay them upon all them that hate thee. 16 And thou shalt consume all the peoples that the LORD thy God shall deliver unto thee; thine eye shall not pity them; neither shalt thou serve their gods; for that will be a snare unto thee.

17 If thou shalt say in thy heart: ‘These nations are more than I; how can I dispossess them?’ 18 thou shalt not be afraid of them; thou shalt well remember what the LORD thy God did unto Pharaoh, and unto all Egypt: 19 the great trials which thine eyes saw, and the signs, and the wonders, and the mighty hand, and the outstretched arm, whereby the LORD thy God brought thee out; so shall the LORD thy God do unto all the peoples of whom thou art afraid. 20 Moreover the LORD thy God will send the hornet among them, until they that are left, and they that hide themselves, perish from before thee. 21 Thou shalt not be affrighted at them; for the LORD thy God is in the midst of thee, a God great and awful. 22 And the LORD thy God will cast out those nations before thee by little and little; thou mayest not consume them quickly, lest the beasts of the field increase upon thee. 23 But the LORD thy God shall deliver them up before thee, and shall discomfit them with a great discomfiture, until they be destroyed. 24 And He shall deliver their kings into thy hand, and thou shalt make their name to perish from under heaven; there shall no man be able to stand against thee, until thou have destroyed them. 25 The graven images of their gods shall ye burn with fire; thou shalt not covet the silver or the gold that is on them, nor take it unto thee, lest thou be snared therein; for it is an abomination to the LORD thy God. 26 And thou shalt not bring an abomination into thy house, and be accursed like unto it; thou shalt utterly detest it, and thou shalt utterly abhor it; for it is a devoted thing.

CopyrightDt 7 VersesDt. Chapters

Notes:

  1. Deuteronomy 7:12if ye Hebrew eqeb actually eikev עֵ֣קֶב Strongs H6118 appears 0nly 16x translated as “because”, “end”, or “the reward” literally “on the heels of” i.e. “as a consequence of”. Add the letter yod to the beginning of this word יַעֲקֹ֑ב and you have the name Yaacov or Jacob. Midrashically there are two ways to see this:

    (1) Eikev עֵ֣קֶב may be considered the commandments that people consider unimportant. Hence they figuratively tend to “trample with their heels” those commandments. According to Rashi, Torah assures Israel if they are careful to observe even the neglected commandments, they can be certain that G-d will reward them with His covenant and kindness.

    (2) Artscroll Chumash on Deuteronomy/Devarim (pg 55) states “Sfas Emes questions the image of trampling: on any of the commandments, for that is the action of sinners. He suggests instead that the Midrash refers to the statement (Makkos 23b) that each of the 248 commandments corresponds to a different part of the body. There are commandments that corresponds to the head and the heart, and there are those that correspond the heels, Even though the head and the heart are more important that the heels, nevertheless, it is the heels that a person stands upon; they are the foundation, and so for the corresponding commandments”

  2. Deuteronomy 7:16 (Devarim)consume Hebrew akal אָכַל Strongs H398 appears 810x prime root meaning “to eat”. Nehemia Gordon says (00.14.56 – 00.17.51) “Literally says, You shall eat all the nations and you shall not have pity upon them. Torah is written in the language of men. It’s not cannibalism but rather an idiom meaning “to consume” or “you are going to chew them up and spit them out”. This is an example of slang.”
  3. Deuteronomy 7:19 (Devarim) which thine eyes saw This generation may not have actually seen the previous events preformed but because it was discussed and handed down it was as they where there.
  4. Deuteronomy 7:20 (Devarim) hornet – Hebrew tsirah translated as “the hornet-swarm” by Artscroll. צִרְעָה Strongs H6880 appears only 3x Exodus 23:28, here, Joshua 24:12. Root word uncertain. Nor do we know what this is referencing. Nehemia Gordon says (00.13.25 – 00.14.44) “Some Hebrew experts say it may mean “fear” or “terror” i.e. as a gripping fear that will cause the enemy to run away and lose the will to fight.”
  5. Deuteronomy 7:21 (Devarim)terrible – Hebrew yare’ יָרֵא Strongs H3372 means “affright” some versions translate it as “awesome”. Artscroll (p57) translates Thou shalt not be affrighted at them to “Do not let [your spirit] be broken before them.” Continues to say, “Since G-d will be among you and He is great and awesome, any fear you might have of the Canaanites nations should be submerged in your greater fear of God (Ibn Ezra); and if so, you should consider the Canaanites to be insignificant.” This word appears again in Deuteronomy 8:15, “Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness,” which shows how the desert appeared to the Israelites. Note awesome actually indicate “awe” or “fear” in repect.