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Deuteronomy 30 (Devarim)

Deuteronomy 30 (Devarim) Summary

Deuteronomy 30 (Devarim) SOMETHING BELONGS HERE

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Deuteronomy 30 (Devarim) Outline

Deuteronomy 30 (Devarim) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions. (2) Rabbi Johnathan Sacks proposed treaty (covenant) layout and finally (3) theme-based verses.

Click to see Deuteronomy 30 Links

Torah Portions:

  1. Fourth Reading – 30.1 – 6
  2. Fifth Reading – 30.7 – 10
  3. Sixth Reading – 30.11 – 14
  4. Seventh Reading – 30.15 – 20

Treaty (Covenant):

  1. Sanctions: Blessing and Curses – The details of the law, with special reference to how they are to be carried out by the people as a whole in the Land of Israel.
  2. Witnesses – “Heaven and Earth” ( Dt. 4:26; 30:19; 31:28: 32:1) serve as witnesses, as does “This song” (31:19)

Verses Topics:

  1. vv 1-5 – SOMETHING

Deuteronomy 30 (Devarim) Verses

Parsha Nitsavim #51
~ Standing (Witnessing) ~

FOURTH READING

→ Sanctions: Blessing and Curses:

1 And it shall come to pass, when all these things are come upon thee, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before thee, and thou shalt bethink thyself among all the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath driven thee,

Notes on Deuteronomy 30:1

Deuteronomy 30:1

*

2 and shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and hearken to His voice according to all that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul;
3 that then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the peoples, whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee.
4 If any of thine that are dispersed be in the uttermost parts of heaven, from thence will the LORD thy God gather thee, and from thence will He fetch thee.
5 And the LORD thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and He will do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers.
6 And the LORD thy God will circumcise thy heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live.

FIFTH READING

7 And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, that persecuted thee.
8 And thou shalt return and hearken to the voice of the LORD, and do all His commandments which I command thee this day.
9 And the LORD thy God will make thee over-abundant in all the work of thy hand, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy land, for good; for the LORD will again rejoice over thee for good, as He rejoiced over thy fathers;
10 if thou shalt hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep His commandments and His statutes which are written in this book of the law; if thou turn unto the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul.

SIXTH READING

11 For this commandment which I command thee this day, it is not too hard for thee, neither is it far off.
12 It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say: ‘Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, and make us to hear it, that we may do it?’
13 Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say: ‘Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, and make us to hear it, that we may do it?’
14 But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it.

SEVENTH READING

15 See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil,
16 in that I command thee this day to love the LORD thy God, to walk in His ways, and to keep His commandments and His statutes and His ordinances; then thou shalt live and multiply, and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest in to possess it.
17 But if thy heart turn away, and thou wilt not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and worship other gods, and serve them;
18 I declare unto you this day, that ye shall surely perish; ye shall not prolong your days upon the land, whither thou passest over the Jordan to go in to possess it.

→ Witnesses

19 I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that I have set before thee life and death, the blessing and the curse; therefore choose life, that thou mayest live, thou and thy seed;
20 to love the LORD thy God, to hearken to His voice, and to cleave unto Him; for that is thy life, and the length of thy days; that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD swore unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.

Deuteronomy 30 (Devarim) Verses

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דברים  נא 51

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נצבים נא 51

ל Chapter 30
[רביעי] [שני כשהן מחוברין] א וְהָיָה כִֽי־יָבֹאוּ עָלֶיךָ כָּל־הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה הַבְּרָכָה וְהַקְּלָלָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ וַֽהֲשֵֽׁבֹתָ אֶל־לְבָבֶךָ בְּכָל־הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הִֽדִּֽיחֲךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שָֽׁמָּה:

ב וְשַׁבְתָּ עַד־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וְשָֽׁמַעְתָּ בְקֹלוֹ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־אָֽנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם אַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָֽבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשֶֽׁךָ:

ג וְשָׁב יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־שְׁבֽוּתְךָ וְרִֽחֲמֶךָ וְשָׁב וְקִבֶּצְךָ מִכָּל־הָעַמִּים אֲשֶׁר הֱפִֽיצְךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שָֽׁמָּה:

ד אִם־יִֽהְיֶה נִֽדַּֽחֲךָ בִּקְצֵה הַשָּׁמָיִם מִשָּׁם יְקַבֶּצְךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וּמִשָּׁם יִקָּחֶֽךָ:

ה לֶחֶם לֹא אֲכַלְתֶּם וְיַיִן וְשֵׁכָר לֹא שְׁתִיתֶם לְמַעַן תֵּֽדְעוּ כִּי אֲנִי יְהוָֹה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶֽם:

ו וּמָל יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־לְבָֽבְךָ וְאֶת־לְבַב זַרְעֶךָ לְאַֽהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָֽבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשְׁךָ לְמַעַן חַיֶּֽיךָ:

ז וַנִּקַּח אֶת־אַרְצָם וַנִּתְּנָהּ לְנַֽחֲלָה לָרֽאוּבֵנִי וְלַגָּדִי וְלַֽחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט הַֽמְנַשִּֽׁי:

ח וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת־דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית הַזֹּאת וַֽעֲשִׂיתֶם אֹתָם לְמַעַן תַּשְׂכִּילוּ אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר תַּֽעֲשֽׂוּן:

פ פ פ

[פרשת נצבים] ט אַתֶּם נִצָּבִים הַיּוֹם כֻּלְּכֶם לִפְנֵי יְהוָֹה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם רָֽאשֵׁיכֶם שִׁבְטֵיכֶם זִקְנֵיכֶם וְשֹׁטְרֵיכֶם כֹּל אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵֽל:

י כִּי תִשְׁמַע בְּקוֹל יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לִשְׁמֹר מִצְוֹתָיו וְחֻקֹּתָיו הַכְּתוּבָה בְּסֵפֶר הַתּוֹרָה הַזֶּה כִּי תָשׁוּב אֶל־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָֽבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשֶֽׁךָ:

ס

[ששי] יא כִּי הַמִּצְוָה הַזֹּאת אֲשֶׁר אָֽנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם לֹֽא־נִפְלֵאת הִוא מִמְּךָ וְלֹֽא־רְחֹקָה הִֽוא:

יב לֹא בַשָּׁמַיִם הִוא לֵאמֹר מִי יַֽעֲלֶה־לָּנוּ הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וְיִקָּחֶהָ לָּנוּ וְיַשְׁמִעֵנוּ אֹתָהּ וְנַֽעֲשֶֽׂנָּה:

יג וְלֹֽא־מֵעֵבֶר לַיָּם הִוא לֵאמֹר מִי יַֽעֲבָר־לָנוּ אֶל־עֵבֶר הַיָּם וְיִקָּחֶהָ לָּנוּ וְיַשְׁמִעֵנוּ אֹתָהּ וְנַֽעֲשֶֽׂנָּה:

יד כִּֽי־קָרוֹב אֵלֶיךָ הַדָּבָר מְאֹד בְּפִיךָ וּבִלְבָֽבְךָ לַֽעֲשׂתֽוֹ:

ס

[שביעי ומפטיר] [רביעי כשהן מחוברין] טו רְאֵה נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַֽחַיִּים וְאֶת־הַטּוֹב וְאֶת־הַמָּוֶת וְאֶת־הָרָֽע:

טז אֲשֶׁר אָֽנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם לְאַֽהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לָלֶכֶת בִּדְרָכָיו וְלִשְׁמֹר מִצְוֹתָיו וְחֻקֹּתָיו וּמִשְׁפָּטָיו וְחָיִיתָ וְרָבִיתָ וּבֵֽרַכְךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה בָא־שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּֽהּ:

יז וְאִם־יִפְנֶה לְבָֽבְךָ וְלֹא תִשְׁמָע וְנִדַּחְתָּ וְהִֽשְׁתַּֽחֲוִיתָ לֵֽאלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וַֽעֲבַדְתָּֽם:

יח הִגַּדְתִּי לָכֶם הַיּוֹם כִּי אָבֹד תֹּֽאבֵדוּן לֹא־תַֽאֲרִיכֻן יָמִים עַל־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹבֵר אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן לָבוֹא שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּֽהּ:

יט הַֽעִדֹתִי בָכֶם הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַֽחַיִּים וְהַמָּוֶת נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַבְּרָכָה וְהַקְּלָלָה וּבָֽחַרְתָּ בַּֽחַיִּים לְמַעַן תִּֽחְיֶה אַתָּה וְזַרְעֶֽךָ:

כ לְאַֽהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לִשְׁמֹעַ בְּקֹלוֹ וּלְדָבְקָה־בוֹ כִּי הוּא חַיֶּיךָ וְאֹרֶךְ יָמֶיךָ לָשֶׁבֶת עַל־הָֽאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע יְהוָֹה לַֽאֲבֹתֶיךָ לְאַבְרָהָם לְיִצְחָק וּֽלְיַֽעֲקֹב לָתֵת לָהֶֽם:

פ פ פ

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Hebrew Studies

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Books

Covenant & Conversation Commentary – The Late Chief Rabbi Johnanath Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.

Pentateuch & Haftorahs, By. Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teaches. By many he is considered a must read. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.

The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain