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Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim)

Deuteronomy 3

Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim) Summary

Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim) begins with Moses retelling the defeat of  Og the king of Bashan, Sihon king of Heshbon and two unnamed kings of the Amorites.

[Chapter Division – This chapter begins with the sixth and seventh reading of parsha Devarim. Verse 23 is the first reading of parsha Vaetchanan. This reading continues into chapter four. If you are reading this from the treaty point of view we are still in the Historical Prologue.]

After the defeat of the kings Moses recalls giving land to Reubenites, the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh. However, there is a mandate laid upon them to fight with the other tribes in the land.

Moshe encourages Joshua not to fear the people in the land as YHWH his given to into his hand.

Once more Moshe asks YHWH to allow him to cross the land into the land. He states “YHWH was angry at him because of you” This is not recorded in the account in Numbers.

YHWH refuses Moshe’s request but allows him to view the Land in all directions. The chapter ends with the valley across from Beth-peor.

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Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim) Outline

Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions. (2) Rabbi Johnathan Sacks proposed treaty (covenant) layout and finally (3) theme based verses.

Click to see Deuteronomy 3 Links

Torah Portions:

  1. Sixth Reading vv. 1 – 14 – Parsha Devarim
  2. Seventh Reading vv. 15 -22– Parsha Devarim
  3. First Reading vv 23 -29– Parsha Vaetchanan – continues in Chapter 4

Treaty (Covenant):

  1. Historical Prologue – Moses recalls recent events leading to where they are currently residing. (Second division of the six parts of a treaty. It began in 1:4 and continues until 4:49)

Verses Topics:

  1. vv 1-7 – Travels through Bashan, defeat of Og and Sihon king of Heshbon
  2. vv 8-10 – Israel defeats two kings of the Amorites
  3. v. 11 – Og king of Bashan iron bed size
  4. v. 12 – Land given to Reubenites and to the Gadites
  5. vv 13-15 – Land given to half-tribe of Manasseh
  6. vv 16-17 – Borders for Reubenites and unto the Gadites
  7. vv 18-20 – Moshe’s commands to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half-tribe of Manasseh
  8. vv 21-22 – Moshe’s encouragement to Joshua
  9. vv 23-26 – Moshe beseeches YHWH to allow him into the land
  10. vv 27-29 – YHWH’s answer and the encampment in the valley across from Beth-poer.

Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim) Verses

Parsha Devarim #44
~ Words ~

Sixth READING

→ Historical Prologue Con’t

1 Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan; and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, unto battle at Edrei. 2 And the LORD said unto me: ‘Fear him not; for I have delivered him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do unto him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon.’

Notes on Deuteronomy 3:1

Deuteronomy 3:1
Numbers 21:33-35 The original story.

3 So the LORD our God delivered into our hand Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people; and we smote him until none was left to him remaining. 4 And we took all his cities at that time; there was not a city which we took not from them; threescore cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 5 All these were fortified cities, with high walls, gates, and bars; beside the unwalled towns a great many.

6 And we utterly destroyed them, as we did unto Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying every city, the men, and the women, and the little ones. 7 But all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, we took for a prey unto ourselves.

8 And we took the land at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites that were beyond the Jordan, from the valley of Arnon unto mount Hermon – 9 which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion, and the Amorites call it Senir – 10 all the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, unto Salcah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. –

11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the Rephaim; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbah of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man. –

12 And this land we took in possession at that time; from Aroer, which is by the valley of Arnon, and half the hill-country of Gilead, and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to the Gadites;

13 and the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half-tribe of Manasseh; all the region of Argob – all that Bashan is called the land of Rephaim. 14 Jair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argob, unto the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and called them, even Bashan, after his own name, Havvoth-jair, unto this day. – 15 And I gave Gilead unto Machir.

SEVENTH READING

16 And unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites I gave from Gilead even unto the valley of Arnon, the middle of the valley for a border; even unto the river Jabbok, which is the border of the children of Ammon; 17 the Arabah also, the Jordan being the border thereof, from Chinnereth even unto the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, under the slopes of Pisgah eastward.

18 And I commanded you at that time, saying: ‘The LORD your God hath given you this land to possess it; ye shall pass over armed before your brethren the children of Israel, all the men of valour. 19 But your wives, and your little ones, and your cattle – I know that ye have much cattle – shall abide in your cities which I have given you; 20 until the LORD give rest unto your brethren, as unto you, and they also possess the land which the LORD your God giveth them beyond the Jordan; then shall ye return every man unto his possession, which I have given you.

Notes on Deuteronomy 3:18

Deuteronomy 3:18-20
Numbers 32:20-33 the original conditions for the land.

21 And I commanded Joshua at that time, saying: ‘Thine eyes have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto these two kings; so shall the LORD do unto all the kingdoms whither thou goest over. 22 Ye shall not fear them; for the LORD your God, He it is that fighteth for you.’

Parsha Vaetchanan #45
~ And I pleaded ~

FIRST READING

23 And I besought the LORD at that time, saying: 24 ‘O Lord GOD, Thou hast begun to show Thy servant Thy greatness, and Thy strong hand; for what god is there in heaven or on earth, that can do according to Thy works, and according to Thy mighty acts? 25 Let me go over, I pray Thee, and see the good land that is beyond the Jordan, that goodly hill-country, and Lebanon.’

Notes on Deuteronomy 3:21-23

Deuteronomy 3:21-22
Numbers 27:15

Deuteronomy 3:23
Parshah Va-etchanan – According to Rabbi Menachem Schneerson this parshah parallels the second book of Torah – Exodus for the next generation. “In a parallel manner, Parshah Va-etchanan describes the spiritual uniqueness of the new generation, restates the covenant with G-d on their level (10 Commandments), and transforms the imperative to make the worls G-d’s home into the basic, central statement of Judaism: the Shema.”

26 But the LORD was wroth with me for your sakes, and hearkened not unto me; and the LORD said unto me: ‘Let it suffice thee; speak no more unto Me of this matter. 27 Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold with thine eyes; for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. 28 But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him; for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see.’

29 So we abode in the valley over against Beth-peor.

Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim) Verses

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דברים  מד 44

Deuteronomy 3 (Devarim) ברים Hebrew Verses

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דברים  מד 44

ג  Chapter 3

א וַנֵּפֶן וַנַּעַל דֶּרֶךְ הַבָּשָׁן וַיֵּצֵא עוֹג מֶֽלֶךְ־הַבָּשָׁן לִקְרָאתֵנוּ הוּא וְכָל־עַמּוֹ לַמִּלְחָמָה אֶדְרֶֽעִי:

ב וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֵלַי אַל־תִּירָא אֹתוֹ כִּי בְיָֽדְךָ נָתַתִּי אֹתוֹ וְאֶת־כָּל־עַמּוֹ וְאֶת־אַרְצוֹ וְעָשִׂיתָ לּוֹ כַּֽאֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָ לְסִיחֹן מֶלֶךְ הָֽאֱמֹרִי אֲשֶׁר יוֹשֵׁב בְּחֶשְׁבּֽוֹן:

ג וַיִּתֵּן יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ בְּיָדֵנוּ גַּם אֶת־עוֹג מֶֽלֶךְ־הַבָּשָׁן וְאֶת־כָּל־עַמּוֹ וַנַּכֵּהוּ עַד־בִּלְתִּי הִשְׁאִֽיר־לוֹ שָׂרִֽיד:

ד וַנִּלְכֹּד אֶת־כָּל־עָרָיו בָּעֵת הַהִוא לֹא הָֽיְתָה קִרְיָה אֲשֶׁר לֹֽא־לָקַחְנוּ מֵֽאִתָּם שִׁשִּׁים עִיר כָּל־חֶבֶל אַרְגֹּב מַמְלֶכֶת עוֹג בַּבָּשָֽׁן:

ה כָּל־אֵלֶּה עָרִים בְּצֻרֹת חוֹמָה גְבֹהָה דְּלָתַיִם וּבְרִיחַ לְבַד מֵֽעָרֵי הַפְּרָזִי הַרְבֵּה מְאֹֽד:

ו וַנַּֽחֲרֵם אוֹתָם כַּֽאֲשֶׁר עָשִׂינוּ לְסִיחֹן מֶלֶךְ חֶשְׁבּוֹן הַֽחֲרֵם כָּל־עִיר מְתִם הַנָּשִׁים וְהַטָּֽף:

ז וְכָל־הַבְּהֵמָה וּשְׁלַל הֶֽעָרִים בַּזּוֹנוּ לָֽנוּ:

ח וַנִּקַּח בָּעֵת הַהִוא אֶת־הָאָרֶץ מִיַּד שְׁנֵי מַלְכֵי הָֽאֱמֹרִי אֲשֶׁר בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן מִנַּחַל אַרְנֹן עַד־הַר חֶרְמֽוֹן:

ט צִֽידֹנִים יִקְרְאוּ לְחֶרְמוֹן שִׂרְיֹן וְהָאֱמֹרִי יִקְרְאוּ־לוֹ שְׂנִֽיר:

י כֹּל ׀ עָרֵי הַמִּישֹׁר וְכָל־הַגִּלְעָד וְכָל־הַבָּשָׁן עַד־סַֽלְכָה וְאֶדְרֶעִי עָרֵי מַמְלֶכֶת עוֹג בַּבָּשָֽׁן:

יא כִּי רַק־עוֹג מֶלֶךְ הַבָּשָׁן נִשְׁאַר מִיֶּתֶר הָֽרְפָאִים הִנֵּה עַרְשׂוֹ עֶרֶשׂ בַּרְזֶל הֲלֹה הִוא בְּרַבַּת בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן תֵּשַׁע אַמּוֹת אָרְכָּהּ וְאַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת רָחְבָּהּ בְּאַמַּת־אִֽישׁ:

יב וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת יָרַשְׁנוּ בָּעֵת הַהִוא מֵֽעֲרֹעֵר אֲשֶׁר־עַל־נַחַל אַרְנֹן וַֽחֲצִי הַר־הַגִּלְעָד וְעָרָיו נָתַתִּי לָרֽאוּבֵנִי וְלַגָּדִֽי:

יג וְיֶתֶר הַגִּלְעָד וְכָל־הַבָּשָׁן מַמְלֶכֶת עוֹג נָתַתִּי לַֽחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט הַֽמְנַשֶּׁה כֹּל חֶבֶל הָֽאַרְגֹּב לְכָל־הַבָּשָׁן הַהוּא יִקָּרֵא אֶרֶץ רְפָאִֽים:

יד יָאִיר בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁה לָקַח אֶת־כָּל־חֶבֶל אַרְגֹּב עַד־גְּבוּל הַגְּשׁוּרִי וְהַמַּֽעֲכָתִי וַיִּקְרָא אֹתָם עַל־שְׁמוֹ אֶת־הַבָּשָׁן חַוֹּת יָאִיר עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּֽה:

[שביעי] טו וּלְמָכִיר נָתַתִּי אֶת־הַגִּלְעָֽד: טז וְלָרֽאוּבֵנִי וְלַגָּדִי נָתַתִּי מִן־הַגִּלְעָד וְעַד־נַחַל אַרְנֹן תּוֹךְ הַנַּחַל וּגְבֻל וְעַד יַבֹּק הַנַּחַל גְּבוּל בְּנֵי עַמּֽוֹן:

יז וְהָֽעֲרָבָה וְהַיַּרְדֵּן וּגְבֻל מִכִּנֶּרֶת וְעַד יָם הָֽעֲרָבָה יָם הַמֶּלַח תַּחַת אַשְׁדֹּת הַפִּסְגָּה מִזְרָֽחָה:

יח וָֽאֲצַו אֶתְכֶם בָּעֵת הַהִוא לֵאמֹר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם נָתַן לָכֶם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת לְרִשְׁתָּהּ חֲלוּצִים תַּֽעַבְרוּ לִפְנֵי אֲחֵיכֶם בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל כָּל־בְּנֵי־חָֽיִל:

יט רַק נְשֵׁיכֶם וְטַפְּכֶם וּמִקְנֵכֶם יָדַעְתִּי כִּֽי־מִקְנֶה רַב לָכֶם יֵֽשְׁבוּ בְּעָרֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לָכֶֽם:

[מפטיר] כ עַד אֲשֶׁר־יָנִיחַֽ יְהוָֹה ׀ לַֽאֲחֵיכֶם כָּכֶם וְיָֽרְשׁוּ גַם־הֵם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם נֹתֵן לָהֶם בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן וְשַׁבְתֶּם אִישׁ לִֽירֻשָּׁתוֹ אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לָכֶֽם:

כא וְאֶת־יְהוֹשׁוּעַ צִוֵּיתִי בָּעֵת הַהִוא לֵאמֹר עֵינֶיךָ הָֽרֹאֹת אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהוָֹה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם לִשְׁנֵי הַמְּלָכִים הָאֵלֶּה כֵּן־יַֽעֲשֶׂה יְהוָֹה לְכָל־הַמַּמְלָכוֹת אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹבֵר שָֽׁמָּה:

כב לֹא תִּֽירָאוּם כִּי יְהוָֹה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם הוּא הַנִּלְחָם לָכֶֽם: ס ס ס

ואתחנן מה 45

כג וָֽאֶתְחַנַּן אֶל־יְהוָֹה בָּעֵת הַהִוא לֵאמֹֽר:

כד אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה אַתָּה הַֽחִלּוֹתָ לְהַרְאוֹת אֶֽת־עַבְדְּךָ אֶת־גָּדְלְךָ וְאֶת־יָֽדְךָ הַֽחֲזָקָה אֲשֶׁר מִי־אֵל בַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יַֽעֲשֶׂה כְמַֽעֲשֶׂיךָ וְכִגְבֽוּרֹתֶֽךָ:

כה אֶעְבְּרָה־נָּא וְאֶרְאֶה אֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַטּוֹבָה אֲשֶׁר בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן הָהָר הַטּוֹב הַזֶּה וְהַלְּבָנֹֽן:

כו וַיִּתְעַבֵּר יְהוָֹה בִּי לְמַעַנְכֶם וְלֹא שָׁמַע אֵלָי וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֵלַי רַב־לָךְ אַל־תּוֹסֶף דַּבֵּר אֵלַי עוֹד בַּדָּבָר הַזֶּֽה:

כז עֲלֵה ׀ רֹאשׁ הַפִּסְגָּה וְשָׂא עֵינֶיךָ יָמָּה וְצָפֹנָה וְתֵימָנָה וּמִזְרָחָה וּרְאֵה בְעֵינֶיךָ כִּי־לֹא תַֽעֲבֹר אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן הַזֶּֽה:

כח וְצַו אֶת־יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְחַזְּקֵהוּ וְאַמְּצֵהוּ כִּי־הוּא יַֽעֲבֹר לִפְנֵי הָעָם הַזֶּה וְהוּא יַנְחִיל אוֹתָם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר תִּרְאֶֽה: כט וַנֵּשֶׁב בַּגָּיְא מוּל בֵּית פְּעֽוֹר: פ

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Covenant & Conversation Commentary – The Late Chief Rabbi Johnathan Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.

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Pentateuch & Haftorahs, By. Dr. JH Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings amd teaches. By many he is considered a must read. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.

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