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Deuteronomy 27 (Devarim)

Deuteronomy 27 (Devarim) Summary

Deuteronomy 27 (Devarim) begins with the command for a one-time ritual of setting up large stones, plastering them, and then write the whole Torah on them. These stones are to be place in Mount Ebal. Following this an altar is built and burnt offering and peace offering. The command to rejoice is given.

The decree of Israel being a nation is made and they are strongly encouraged to keep this covenant.

The blessings and curses are to be pronounced on the day they enter the land. Six tribes are to declare blessings on Mount Gerizim. On Mount Ebal stands the other six tribes and they declare the curses.

This chapter ends with the Levites instructed to declare curses to all Israel. The first eleven curses are recorded here.

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Deuteronomy 27 (Devarim) Outline

Deuteronomy 27 (Devarim) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions. (2) Rabbi Johnathan Sacks proposed treaty (covenant) layout and finally (3) theme-based verses.

Click to see Deuteronomy 27 Links

Torah Portions:

  1. Fourth Reading v 1
  2. FifthReading v 11

Treaty (Covenant):

  1. Deposition & Regular Reading – The law is to be inscribed on stone (stele) at Mount Ebal. The Torah written by Moses will be placed in the Ark, to be read publicaly by the king at a national assembly held every seven years.

Verses Topics:

  1. vv 1-5 – SOMETHING

Deuteronomy 27 (Devarim) Verses

Parsha Ki Tavo #50
~ When You Enter~

Fourth Reading

→ Deposition & Regular Reading

1 And Moses and the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying: ‘Keep all the commandment which I command you this day. .

Notes on Deuteronomy 27:1

Deuteronomy 27:1

*

2 And it shall be on the day when ye shall pass over the Jordan unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaster them with plaster. 3 And thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when thou art passed over; that thou mayest go in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, as the LORD, the God of thy fathers, hath promised thee.
4 And it shall be when ye are passed over the Jordan, that ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount Ebal, and thou shalt plaster them with plaster.
5 And there shalt thou build an altar unto the LORD thy God, an altar of stones; thou shalt lift up no iron tool upon them. 6 Thou shalt build the altar of the LORD thy God of unhewn stones; and thou shalt offer burnt-offerings thereon unto the LORD thy God. 7 And thou shalt sacrifice peace-offerings, and shalt eat there; and thou shalt rejoice* before the LORD thy God.
8 And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly.’

Notes on Deuteronomy 27:7

Deuteronomy 27:7

* and you shall rejoice וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם root word is שָׂמַח simha, joy – See note on Deuteronomy 12.7

9 And Moses and the priests the Levites spoke unto all Israel, saying: ‘Keep silence, and hear, O Israel; this day thou art become a people unto the LORD thy God. 10 Thou shalt therefore hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and do His commandments and His statutes, which I command thee this day.’

FIFTH READING

11 And Moses charged the people the same day, saying: 12 ‘These shall stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are passed over the Jordan: Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin;
13 and these shall stand upon mount Ebal for the curse: Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali.
14 And the Levites shall speak, and say unto all the men of Israel with a loud voice:

15 Cursed be the man that maketh a graven or molten image, an abomination unto the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and setteth it up in secret. And all the people shall answer and say: Amen.

16 Cursed be he that dishonoureth his father or his mother. And all the people shall say: Amen.

17 Cursed be he that removeth his neighbour’s landmark. And all the people shall say: Amen.

18 Cursed be he that maketh the blind to go astray in the way. And all the people shall say: Amen.

19 Cursed be he that perverteth the justice due to the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say: Amen.

20 Cursed be he that lieth with his father’s wife; because he hath uncovered his father’s skirt. And all the people shall say: Amen.

21 Cursed be he that lieth with any manner of beast. And all the people shall say: Amen.

22 Cursed be he that lieth with his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother. And all the people shall say: Amen.

23 Cursed be he that lieth with his mother-in-law. And all the people shall say: Amen.

24 Cursed be he that smiteth his neighbour in secret. And all the people shall say: Amen.

25 Cursed be he that taketh a bribe to slay an innocent person. And all the people shall say: Amen.

26 Cursed be he that confirmeth not the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say: Amen.’

Deuteronomy 27 (Devarim) Verses

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[רביעי]

א וַיְצַו מֹשֶׁה וְזִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־הָעָם לֵאמֹר שָׁמֹר אֶת־כָּל־הַמִּצְוָה אֲשֶׁר אָֽנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם הַיּֽוֹם:

ב וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר תַּֽעַבְרוּ אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לָךְ וַֽהֲקֵמֹתָ לְךָ אֲבָנִים גְּדֹלוֹת וְשַׂדְתָּ אֹתָם בַּשִּֽׂיד:

ג וְכָֽתַבְתָּ עֲלֵיהֶן אֶת־כָּל־דִּבְרֵי הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת בְּעָבְרֶךָ לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר תָּבֹא אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ ׀ נֹתֵן לְךָ אֶרֶץ זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבַשׁ כַּֽאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֵֽי־אֲבֹתֶיךָ לָֽךְ:

ד וְהָיָה בְּעָבְרְכֶם אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן תָּקִימוּ אֶת־הָֽאֲבָנִים הָאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר אָֽנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם הַיּוֹם בְּהַר עֵיבָל וְשַׂדְתָּ אוֹתָם בַּשִּֽׂיד:

ה וּבָנִיתָ שָּׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מִזְבַּח אֲבָנִים לֹֽא־תָנִיף עֲלֵיהֶם בַּרְזֶֽל:

ו אֲבָנִים שְׁלֵמוֹת תִּבְנֶה אֶת־מִזְבַּח יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וְהַֽעֲלִיתָ עָלָיו עוֹלֹת לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ:

ז וְזָֽבַחְתָּ שְׁלָמִים וְאָכַלְתָּ שָּׁם וְשָׂמַחְתָּ לִפְנֵי יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ:

ח וְכָֽתַבְתָּ עַל־הָֽאֲבָנִים אֶת־כָּל־דִּבְרֵי הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת בַּאֵר הֵיטֵֽב:

ס

ט וַיְדַבֵּר מֹשֶׁה וְהַכֹּֽהֲנִים הַֽלְוִיִּם אֶל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר הַסְכֵּת ׀ וּשְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה נִהְיֵיתָֽ לְעָם לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ:

י וְשָׁמַעְתָּ בְּקוֹל יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וְעָשִׂיתָ אֶת־מִצְוֹתָו וְאֶת־חֻקָּיו אֲשֶׁר אָֽנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּֽוֹם:

ס

[חמישי]

יא וַיְצַו מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הָעָם בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא לֵאמֹֽר:

יב אֵלֶּה יַֽעַמְדוּ לְבָרֵךְ אֶת־הָעָם עַל־הַר גְּרִזִּים בְּעָבְרְכֶם אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן שִׁמְעוֹן וְלֵוִי וִֽיהוּדָה וְיִשָּׂשׂכָר וְיוֹסֵף וּבִנְיָמִֽין:

יג וְאֵלֶּה יַֽעַמְדוּ עַל־הַקְּלָלָה בְּהַר עֵיבָל רְאוּבֵן גָּד וְאָשֵׁר וּזְבוּלֻן דָּן וְנַפְתָּלִֽי:

ס

טו אָרוּר הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יַֽעֲשֶׂה פֶסֶל וּמַסֵּכָה תּֽוֹעֲבַת יְהֹוָה מַֽעֲשֵׂה יְדֵי חָרָשׁ וְשָׂם בַּסָּתֶר וְעָנוּ כָל־הָעָם וְאָֽמְרוּ אָמֵֽן:

ס

טז אָרוּר מַקְלֶה אָבִיו וְאִמּוֹ וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

יז אָרוּר מַסִּיג גְּבוּל רֵעֵהוּ וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

יח אָרוּר מַשְׁגֶּה עִוֵּר בַּדָּרֶךְ וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

יט אָרוּר מַטֶּה מִשְׁפַּט גֵּר־יָתוֹם וְאַלְמָנָה וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

כ אָרוּר שֹׁכֵב עִם־אֵשֶׁת אָבִיו כִּי גִלָּה כְּנַף אָבִיו וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

כא אָרוּר שֹׁכֵב עִם־כָּל־בְּהֵמָה וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

כב אָרוּר שֹׁכֵב עִם־אֲחֹתוֹ בַּת־אָבִיו אוֹ בַת־אִמּוֹ וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

כג אָרוּר שֹׁכֵב עִם־חֹֽתַנְתּוֹ וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

כד אָרוּר מַכֵּה רֵעֵהוּ בַּסָּתֶר וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

כה אָרוּר לֹקֵחַ שֹׁחַד לְהַכּוֹת נֶפֶשׁ דָּם נָקִי וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

ס

כו אָרוּר אֲשֶׁר לֹֽא־יָקִים אֶת־דִּבְרֵי הַתּוֹרָֽה־הַזֹּאת לַֽעֲשׂוֹת אוֹתָם וְאָמַר כָּל־הָעָם אָמֵֽן:

פ

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Books

Covenant & Conversation Commentary – The Late Chief Rabbi Johnanath Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.

Pentateuch & Haftorahs, By. Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teaches. By many he is considered a must read. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.

The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain