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Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim)

Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim) Summary

Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim) discusses five topics: corporate punishment (flogging), levirate marriage, a wife physically defending her husband, honest weights and measures, and Amalek.

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Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim) Outline

Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions. (2) Rabbi Johnathan Sacks proposed treaty (covenant) layout and finally (3) theme based verses.

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Torah Portions:

  1. Seventh Reading v 1 – continues from chapter 24

Treaty (Covenant):

  1. Stipulations – Specific Provision: The details of the law, with special reference to how they are to be carried out by the people as a whole in the Land of Israel.

Verses Topics:

  1. vv 1-3 – Flogging
  2. v.4 – Muzzling the ox
  3. vv.5-10 – The Childless Brother-in-Law
  4. v.11 – The Assailant
  5. vv.13-16 – Weights and Measures
  6. vv.17-19 – Remembering Amalek

Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim) Verses

Parsha Ki Tetez #49
~ When You Go Out~

SEVENTH READING – CON’T

→ Stipulations – Specific Provision:

1 If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, and the judges judge them, by justifying the righteous, and condemning the wicked, 2 then it shall be, if the wicked man deserve to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to the measure of his wickedness, by number.
3 Forty stripes he may give him, he shall not exceed; lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should be dishonoured before thine eyes.
4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.

Notes on Deuteronomy 25:1

Deuteronomy 25:1

*

5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not be married abroad unto one not of his kin; her husband’s brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of a husband’s brother unto her. 6 And it shall be, that the first-born that she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother that is dead, that his name be not blotted out of Israel.
7 And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then his brother’s wife shall go up to the gate unto the elders, and say: ‘My husband’s brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband’s brother unto me.’
8 Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him; and if he stand, and say: ‘I like not to take her’; 9 then shall his brother’s wife draw nigh unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face; and she shall answer and say: ‘So shall it be done unto the man that doth not build up his brother’s house.’
10 And his name shall be called in Israel The house of him that had his shoe loosed.

11 When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draweth near to deliver her husband out of the hand of him that smiteth him, and putteth forth her hand, and taketh him by the secrets; 12 then thou shalt cut off her hand, thine eye shall have no pity.

13 Thou shalt not have in thy bag diverse weights, a great and a small. 14 Thou shalt not have in thy house diverse measures, a great and a small.
15 A perfect and just weight shalt thou have; a perfect and just measure shalt thou have; that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. 16 For all that do such things, even all that do unrighteously, are an abomination unto the LORD thy God.

17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way as ye came forth out of Egypt; 18 how he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, all that were enfeebled in thy rear, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God.
19 Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget.

Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim) Verses

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דברים  מט 49

Deuteronomy 25 (Devarim) ברים Hebrew Verses

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כי תצא מט 48

כה Chapter 25

א כִּי־יִֽהְיֶה רִיב בֵּין אֲנָשִׁים וְנִגְּשׁוּ אֶל־הַמִּשְׁפָּט וּשְׁפָטוּם וְהִצְדִּיקוּ אֶת־הַצַּדִּיק וְהִרְשִׁיעוּ אֶת־הָֽרָשָֽׁע: ב וְהָיָה אִם־בִּן הַכּוֹת הָֽרָשָׁע וְהִפִּילוֹ הַשֹּׁפֵט וְהִכָּהוּ לְפָנָיו כְּדֵי רִשְׁעָתוֹ בְּמִסְפָּֽר: ג אַרְבָּעִים יַכֶּנּוּ לֹא יֹסִיף פֶּן־יֹסִיף לְהַכֹּתוֹ עַל־אֵלֶּה מַכָּה רַבָּה וְנִקְלָה אָחִיךָ לְעֵינֶֽיךָ: ד לֹֽא־תַחְסֹם שׁוֹר בְּדִישֽׁוֹ: ס ה כִּי־יֵֽשְׁבוּ אַחִים יַחְדָּו וּמֵת אַחַד מֵהֶם וּבֵן אֵין־לוֹ לֹא־תִֽהְיֶה אֵֽשֶׁת־הַמֵּת הַחוּצָה לְאִישׁ זָר יְבָמָהּ יָבֹא עָלֶיהָ וּלְקָחָהּ לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה וְיִבְּמָֽהּ: ו וְהָיָה הַבְּכוֹר אֲשֶׁר תֵּלֵד יָקוּם עַל־שֵׁם אָחִיו הַמֵּת וְלֹֽא־יִמָּחֶה שְׁמוֹ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל: ז וְאִם־לֹא יַחְפֹּץ הָאִישׁ לָקַחַת אֶת־יְבִמְתּוֹ וְעָֽלְתָה יְבִמְתּוֹ הַשַּׁעְרָה אֶל־הַזְּקֵנִים וְאָֽמְרָה מֵאֵן יְבָמִי לְהָקִים לְאָחִיו שֵׁם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא אָבָה יַבְּמִֽי: ח וְקָֽרְאוּ־לוֹ זִקְנֵֽי־עִירוֹ וְדִבְּרוּ אֵלָיו וְעָמַד וְאָמַר לֹא חָפַצְתִּי לְקַחְתָּֽהּ: ט וְנִגְּשָׁה יְבִמְתּוֹ אֵלָיו לְעֵינֵי הַזְּקֵנִים וְחָֽלְצָה נַֽעֲלוֹ מֵעַל רַגְלוֹ וְיָֽרְקָה בְּפָנָיו וְעָֽנְתָה וְאָמְרָה כָּכָה יֵֽעָשֶׂה לָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר לֹֽא־יִבְנֶה אֶת־בֵּית אָחִֽיו: י וְנִקְרָא שְׁמוֹ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל בֵּית חֲלוּץ הַנָּֽעַל: ס יא כִּֽי־יִנָּצוּ אֲנָשִׁים יַחְדָּו אִישׁ וְאָחִיו וְקָֽרְבָה אֵשֶׁת הָֽאֶחָד לְהַצִּיל אֶת־אִישָׁהּ מִיַּד מַכֵּהוּ וְשָֽׁלְחָה יָדָהּ וְהֶֽחֱזִיקָה בִּמְבֻשָֽׁיו: יב וְקַצֹּתָה אֶת־כַּפָּהּ לֹא תָחוֹס עֵינֶֽךָ: ס יג לֹא־יִֽהְיֶה לְךָ בְּכִֽיסְךָ אֶבֶן וָאָבֶן גְּדוֹלָה וּקְטַנָּֽה: יד לֹא־יִֽהְיֶה לְךָ בְּבֵֽיתְךָ אֵיפָה וְאֵיפָה גְּדוֹלָה וּקְטַנָּֽה: טו אֶבֶן שְׁלֵמָה וָצֶדֶק יִֽהְיֶה־לָּךְ אֵיפָה שְׁלֵמָה וָצֶדֶק יִֽהְיֶה־לָּךְ לְמַעַן יַֽאֲרִיכוּ יָמֶיךָ עַל הָֽאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לָֽךְ: טז כִּי תֽוֹעֲבַת יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ כָּל־עֹשֵׂה אֵלֶּה כֹּל עֹשֵׂה עָוֶֽל: פ [מפטיר] יז זָכוֹר אֵת אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה לְךָ עֲמָלֵק בַּדֶּרֶךְ בְּצֵֽאתְכֶם מִמִּצְרָֽיִם: יח אֲשֶׁר קָֽרְךָ בַּדֶּרֶךְ וַיְזַנֵּב בְּךָ כָּל־הַנֶּֽחֱשָׁלִים אַֽחֲרֶיךָ וְאַתָּה עָיֵף וְיָגֵעַ וְלֹא יָרֵא אֱלֹהִֽים: יט וְהָיָה בְּֽהָנִיחַֽ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ ׀ לְךָ מִכָּל־אֹיְבֶיךָ מִסָּבִיב בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר יְהוָֹה־אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לְךָ נַֽחֲלָה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ תִּמְחֶה אֶת־זֵכֶר עֲמָלֵק מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמָיִם לֹא תִּשְׁכָּֽח: פ פ פ

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Books

Covenant & Conversation Commentary – The Late Chief Rabbi Johnanath Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.

Pentateuch & Haftorahs, By. Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teaches. By many he is considered a must read. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.

The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain