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Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim)

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) Summary

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) discusses the festivals of Passover and Unleavened Bread (Pesach and Chag HaMatzot), The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot), Feast of Booths or Tabernacles (Sukkot), the placement of judges in each city and forbidden worship.

Passover & Unleavened Bread (Pesach & Chag HaMatzot) were originally separate festivals. Later they were merged and considered as one.

The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) is a counting of weeks for seven weeks. It is a period of rest, joy and celebration for the entire household. Every household brings a free-will offering of their harvest. Celebrated wherever YHWH chooses.

Feast of Booths or Tabernacles (Sukkot) is the end of the agricultural season. Again every household is to bring a freewill offering according to how YHWH has blessed the. Again it is stated, Celebrated wherever YHWH chooses.

The judges and officials are set in place for each city. They are given their duties and responsibilities. The promise of inheriting the land and long life is given.

Again, the worship of other gods are forbidden.

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Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) Outline

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) can be navigated in three possible ways. (1) Jewish tradition of daily reading called Torah Portions. (2) Rabbi Johnathan Sacks proposed treaty (covenant) layout and finally (3) theme based verses.

Click to see Deuteronomy 16 Links

Torah Portions:

  1. Seventh Reading vv. 1-17 – Parsha Re’eh
  2. First Reading vv.18-22 – Parsha Shoftim Begins

Treaty (Covenant):

  1. Stipulations – Specific Provision – The entire chapter

Verses Topics:

  1. vv 1-8 – Passover & Unleavened Bread (Pesach & Chag HaMatzot)
  2. vv.9-12 – Feast of Weeks – (Shavuot)
  3. vv. 13-17 – Feast of Booths – (Sukkot)
  4. vv.18-22 – Justice

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) Verses

Parsha Re’eh #47
~ See ~

SEVENTH READING – CON’T

→ Stipulations – Specific Provision

1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God; for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Notes on Deuteronomy 16:1

Deuteronomy 16:1

Coming Soon


2 And thou shalt sacrifice the passover-offering unto the LORD thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the LORD shall choose to cause His name to dwell there. 3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for in haste didst thou come forth out of the land of Egypt; that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life. 4 And there shall be no leaven seen with thee in all they borders seven days; neither shall any of the flesh, which thou sacrificest the first day at even, remain all night until the morning. 5 Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover-offering within any of thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee; 6 but at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to cause His name to dwell in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover- offering at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt. 7 And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents. 8 Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread; and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD thy God; thou shalt do no work therein.

9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee; from the time the sickle is first put to the standing corn shalt thou begin to number seven weeks. 10 And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God after the measure of the freewill-offering of thy hand, which thou shalt give, according as the LORD thy God blesseth thee. 11 And thou shalt rejoice* before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy maid- servant, and the Levite that is within they gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are in the midst of thee, in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there. 12 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt; and thou shalt observe and do these statutes.

Notes on Deuteronomy 16:11

Deuteronomy 16:11, 14, 15

* and you shall rejoice וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם root word is שָׂמַח simha, joy – See note on Deuteronomy 12.7

13 Thou shalt keep the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in from thy threshing-floor and from thy winepress. 14 And thou shalt rejoice* in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, and the Levite, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates. 15 Seven days shalt thou keep a feast unto the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD shall choose; because the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the work of thy hands, and thou shalt be altogether joyful*. 16 Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which He shall choose; on the feast of unleavened bread, and on the feast of weeks, and on the feast of tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the LORD empty; 17 every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which He hath given thee.

Notes on Deuteronomy 16:11

Deuteronomy 16:11, 14, 15

* and you shall rejoice וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם root word is שָׂמַח simha, joy – See note on Deuteronomy 12.7

Parsha Shoftim #48
~ Judges ~

FIRST READING – CON’T

18 Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, tribe by tribe; and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment. 19 Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons; neither shalt thou take a gift; for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous. 20 Justice, justice shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

21 Thou shalt not plant thee an Asherah of any kind of tree beside the altar of the LORD thy God, which thou shalt make thee. 22 Neither shalt thou set thee up a pillar, which the LORD thy God hateth.

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) Verses

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דברים  מז 47

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) ברים Hebrew Verses

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) Hebrew Reading

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רְאֵה מז 47

טו Chapter 16

א שָׁמוֹר אֶת־חֹדֶשׁ הָֽאָבִיב וְעָשִׂיתָ פֶּסַח לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ כִּי בְּחֹדֶשׁ הָֽאָבִיב הוֹצִיאֲךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מִמִּצְרַיִם לָֽיְלָה: ב וְזָבַחְתָּ פֶּסַח לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ צֹאן וּבָקָר בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר יְהֹוָה לְשַׁכֵּן שְׁמוֹ שָֽׁם: ג לֹֽא־תֹאכַל עָלָיו חָמֵץ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תֹּֽאכַל־עָלָיו מַצּוֹת לֶחֶם עֹנִי כִּי בְחִפָּזוֹן יָצָאתָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם לְמַעַן תִּזְכֹּר אֶת־יוֹם צֵֽאתְךָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם כֹּל יְמֵי חַיֶּֽיךָ: ד וְלֹא־יֵֽרָאֶה לְךָ שְׂאֹר בְּכָל־גְּבֻֽלְךָ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים וְלֹֽא־יָלִין מִן־הַבָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר תִּזְבַּח בָּעֶרֶב בַּיּוֹם הָֽרִאשׁוֹן לַבֹּֽקֶר: ה לֹא תוּכַל לִזְבֹּחַ אֶת־הַפָּסַח בְּאַחַד שְׁעָרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לָֽךְ: ו כִּי אִֽם־אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לְשַׁכֵּן שְׁמוֹ שָׁם תִּזְבַּח אֶת־הַפֶּסַח בָּעָרֶב כְּבוֹא הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ מוֹעֵד צֵֽאתְךָ מִמִּצְרָֽיִם: ז וּבִשַּׁלְתָּ וְאָכַלְתָּ בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בּוֹ וּפָנִיתָ בַבֹּקֶר וְהָֽלַכְתָּ לְאֹֽהָלֶֽיךָ: ח שֵׁשֶׁת יָמִים תֹּאכַל מַצּוֹת וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי עֲצֶרֶת לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לֹא תַֽעֲשֶׂה מְלָאכָֽה: ס ט שִׁבְעָה שָֽׁבֻעֹת תִּסְפָּר־לָךְ מֵֽהָחֵל חֶרְמֵשׁ בַּקָּמָה תָּחֵל לִסְפֹּר שִׁבְעָה שָֽׁבֻעֽוֹת: י וְעָשִׂיתָ חַג שָֽׁבֻעוֹת לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מִסַּת נִדְבַת יָֽדְךָ אֲשֶׁר תִּתֵּן כַּֽאֲשֶׁר יְבָֽרֶכְךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ: יא וְשָֽׂמַחְתָּ לִפְנֵי ׀ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אַתָּה וּבִנְךָ וּבִתֶּךָ וְעַבְדְּךָ וַֽאֲמָתֶךָ וְהַלֵּוִי אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׁעָרֶיךָ וְהַגֵּר וְהַיָּתוֹם וְהָֽאַלְמָנָה אֲשֶׁר בְּקִרְבֶּךָ בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לְשַׁכֵּן שְׁמוֹ שָֽׁם: יב וְזָכַרְתָּ כִּי־עֶבֶד הָיִיתָ בְּמִצְרָיִם וְשָֽׁמַרְתָּ וְעָשִׂיתָ אֶת־הַֽחֻקִּים הָאֵֽלֶּה: פ [מפטיר] יג חַג הַסֻּכֹּת תַּֽעֲשֶׂה לְךָ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים בְּאָסְפְּךָ מִֽגָּרְנְךָ וּמִיִּקְבֶֽךָ: יד וְשָֽׂמַחְתָּ בְּחַגֶּךָ אַתָּה וּבִנְךָ וּבִתֶּךָ וְעַבְדְּךָ וַֽאֲמָתֶךָ וְהַלֵּוִי וְהַגֵּר וְהַיָּתוֹם וְהָֽאַלְמָנָה אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ: טו שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תָּחֹג לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַר יְהוָֹה כִּי יְבָֽרֶכְךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־תְּבוּאָֽתְךָ וּבְכֹל מַֽעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיךָ וְהָיִיתָ אַךְ שָׂמֵֽחַ: טז שָׁלוֹשׁ פְּעָמִים ׀ בַּשָּׁנָה יֵֽרָאֶה כָל־זְכֽוּרְךָ אֶת־פְּנֵי ׀ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחָר בְּחַג הַמַּצּוֹת וּבְחַג הַשָּֽׁבֻעוֹת וּבְחַג הַסֻּכּוֹת וְלֹא יֵֽרָאֶה אֶת־פְּנֵי יְהוָֹה רֵיקָֽם: יז אִישׁ כְּמַתְּנַת יָדוֹ כְּבִרְכַּת יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר נָֽתַן־לָֽךְ: ס ס ס

שופטים מח 48

[פרשת שופטים] יח שֹֽׁפְטִים וְשֹֽׁטְרִים תִּֽתֶּן־לְךָ בְּכָל־שְׁעָרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לְךָ לִשְׁבָטֶיךָ וְשָֽׁפְטוּ אֶת־הָעָם מִשְׁפַּט־צֶֽדֶק: יט לֹֽא־תַטֶּה מִשְׁפָּט לֹא תַכִּיר פָּנִים וְלֹֽא־תִקַּח שֹׁחַד כִּי הַשֹּׁחַד יְעַוֵּר עֵינֵי חֲכָמִים וִֽיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִֽם: כ צֶדֶק צֶדֶק תִּרְדֹּף לְמַעַן תִּֽחְיֶה וְיָֽרַשְׁתָּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לָֽךְ: ס כא לֹֽא־תִטַּע לְךָ אֲשֵׁרָה כָּל־עֵץ אֵצֶל מִזְבַּח יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר תַּֽעֲשֶׂה־לָּֽךְ: כב וְלֹֽא־תָקִים לְךָ מַצֵּבָה אֲשֶׁר שָׂנֵא יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ: ס

 

דברים  מז 47

Deuteronomy 16 (Devarim) ברים Hebrew Verses


16.1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God; for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

א שָׁמוֹר אֶת־חֹדֶשׁ הָֽאָבִיב וְעָשִׂיתָ פֶּסַח לַֽיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ כִּי בְּחֹדֶשׁ הָֽאָבִיב הוֹצִיאֲךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מִמִּצְרַיִם לָֽיְלָה

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Deuteronomy (Devarim) Chapters


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Deuteronomy 16 Parsha Notes

Parsha Reeh

Deuteronomy 16 Hebrew Studies

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Downloads (Handouts/Worksheets)

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Books

Covenant & Conversation Commentary – The Late Chief Rabbi Johnanath Sacks’ last published commentary on the Torah.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – One of the most used Hebrew and English Lexicons among serious Bible students.

Pentateuch & Haftorahs, By. Dr. J.H. Hertz – The Late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire was renowned for his writings and teaches. By many he is considered a must read. In the Preface Dr. Hertz calls this “a People’s Commentary”.

The Holy Scriptures
According to the Masoretic Text
The Jewish Publication Society translation
[1917] – Public Domain