Acharei Mot – Kedoshem

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We have a double portion this week. The 29th reading Acharei Mot אַֽחֲרֵ֣י מ֔וֹת and the 30th reading Kedoshem קְדשִׁ֣ים are combined to create our third double reading during the annual reading cycle, also it is the second in Leviticus (Vayikra). This double reading occurs in the years 2021, 2023, 2025, 2026, 2028, 2029, 2031, 2032,  and 2034.

Acharei Mot/ Kedoshim parsha summary

Acharei Mot reaches back to chapter ten and picks up the narrative “from the death” of Aaron’s sons, Nadab and Abihu. God speaks to Moses to instruct Aaron concerning the Yom Kippur service. God continues His discourse, this time His instructions are addressed to Aaron, his sons and all of Israel about eating the blood of animals. Afterwards, God provides instruction the to entire nation concerning sexual relationships. This ends parsha Acharei Mot.

Kedoshim is known as the “holiness code” as it begins with, ” you are to be holy (kedohim), for I Adonai your God is holy.” God proceeds to provide fifty-one mitzvots (13 positive and 38 negative). It begins with honoring one’s parents. Then proceeds to cover several topics which ends with the instruction to not profane God’s holy Name.

Parsha Readings

Torah: Leviticus (Vayikra) 16.1 – 20.27
Halftorah: Amos  9.7-15 (Ash)
Ezekiel 20.2-20 (Sep)
Shabbat Machar HaChodeh: 1 Sam 20:18-42 (2022)
Shabbat HaGadol Mal. 3.4-24
Brit Hahagaddah: 1 Cor. 6.9-20 | Mat 5.43-48

Parsha Aliyah

First reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 16.1-24
Second reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 16.25 – 17.7
Third reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 17.8 – 18.21
Fourth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 18.22 – 19.14
Fifth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 19.15 – 32
Sixth reading — Leviticus (Vayikra)  19.33 – 20.7
Seventh reading — Leviticus (Vayikra) 20.8 – 27

Parsha Stats

  • Hebrew letters – 7,523
  • Hebrew words – 2,038
  • Pesukim (sentences) -144
  • Verses – 144
  • Lines in a Torah Scroll- 263
  • Number of Mitzvot – 79
  • Positive – 15
  • Negative – 64
  • Double Count – 10
  • Scribal Practices – 0
  • See Hebrew text
1: 16.1-242: 16.25 - 17.73: 17.8 - 18.214: 18.22 - 19.145: 19.15 - 326: 19.33 - 20.77: 20.8 - 27Halftorah: Amos 9.7-15 | Ez. 20.2-20 Special ReadingsBrit Hahagaddah: 1 Cor. 6.9-20 | Mat 5.43-48

Chapter 16

Lev 16:1  And the LORD spoke unto Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the LORD, and died; 
Lev 16:2  and the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the veil, before the ark-cover which is upon the ark; that he die not; for I appear in the cloud upon the ark-cover. 
Lev 16:3  Herewith shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin-offering, and a ram for a burnt-offering. 
Lev 16:4  He shall put on the holy linen tunic, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with the linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired; they are the holy garments; and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and put them on. 
Lev 16:5  And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two he-goats for a sin-offering, and one ram for a burnt-offering. 
Lev 16:6  And Aaron shall present the bullock of the sin-offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself, and for his house. 
Lev 16:7  And he shall take the two goats, and set them before the LORD at the door of the tent of meeting. 
Lev 16:8  And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats: one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for Azazel. 
Lev 16:9  And Aaron shall present the goat upon which the lot fell for the LORD, and offer him for a sin-offering. 
Lev 16:10  But the goat, on which the lot fell for Azazel, shall be set alive before the LORD, to make atonement over him, to send him away for Azazel into the wilderness. 
Lev 16:11  And Aaron shall present the bullock of the sin-offering, which is for himself, and shall make atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin-offering which is for himself. 
Lev 16:12  And he shall take a censer full of coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the veil. 
Lev 16:13  And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the ark-cover that is upon the testimony, that he die not. 
Lev 16:14  And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the ark-cover on the east; and before the ark- cover shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times. 
Lev 16:15  Then shall he kill the goat of the sin-offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil, and do with his blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the ark-cover, and before the ark-cover. 
Lev 16:16  And he shall make atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleannesses of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, even all their sins; and so shall he do for the tent of meeting, that dwelleth with them in the midst of their uncleannesses. 
Lev 16:17  And there shall be no man in the tent of meeting when he goeth in to make atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel. 
Lev 16:18  And he shall go out unto the altar that is before the LORD, and make atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about. 
Lev 16:19  And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleannesses of the children of Israel. 
Lev 16:20  And when he hath made an end of atoning for the holy place, and the tent of meeting, and the altar, he shall present the live goat. 
Lev 16:21  And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, even all their sins; and he shall put them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of an appointed man into the wilderness. 
Lev 16:22  And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land which is cut off; and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness. 
Lev 16:23  And Aaron shall come into the tent of meeting, and shall put off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them there. 
Lev 16:24  And he shall bathe his flesh in water in a holy place and put on his other vestments, and come forth, and offer his burnt- offering and the burnt-offering of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people. 

Chapter 16

Lev 16:25  And the fat of the sin-offering shall he make smoke upon the altar. 
Lev 16:26  And he that letteth go the goat for Azazel shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he may come into the camp. 
Lev 16:27  And the bullock of the sin-offering, and the goat of the sin-offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall be carried forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung. 
Lev 16:28  And he that burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he may come into the camp. 
Lev 16:29  And it shall be a statute for ever unto you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and shall do no manner of work, the home-born, or the stranger that sojourneth among you. 
Lev 16:30  For on this day shall atonement be made for you, to cleanse you; from all your sins shall ye be clean before the LORD. 
Lev 16:31  It is a sabbath of solemn rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; it is a statute for ever. 
Lev 16:32  And the priest, who shall be anointed and who shall be consecrated to be priest in his father’s stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen garments, even the holy garments. 
Lev 16:33  And he shall make atonement for the most holy place, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar; and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 
Lev 16:34  And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make atonement for the children of Israel because of all their sins once in the year.’ And he did as the LORD commanded Moses. 

Chapter 17

Lev 17:1  And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 
Lev 17:2  Speak unto Aaron, and unto his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them: This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, saying: 
Lev 17:3  What man soever there be of the house of Israel, that killeth an ox, or lamb, or goat, in the camp, or that killeth it without the camp, 
Lev 17:4  and hath not brought it unto the door of the tent of meeting, to present it as an offering unto the LORD before the tabernacle of the LORD, blood shall be imputed unto that man; he hath shed blood; and that man shall be cut off from among his people. 
Lev 17:5  To the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices, which they sacrifice in the open field, even that they may bring them unto the LORD, unto the door of the tent of meeting, unto the priest, and sacrifice them for sacrifices of peace-offerings unto the LORD. 
Lev 17:6  And the priest shall dash the blood against the altar of the LORD at the door of the tent of meeting, and make the fat smoke for a sweet savour unto the LORD. 
Lev 17:7  And they shall no more sacrifice their sacrifices unto the satyrs, after whom they go astray. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations. 

Chapter 17

Lev 17:8  And thou shalt say unto them: Whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among them, that offereth a burnt-offering or sacrifice, 
Lev 17:9  and bringeth it not unto the door of the tent of meeting, to sacrifice it unto the LORD, even that man shall be cut off from his people. 

Lev 17:10  And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among them, that eateth any manner of blood, I will set My face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people. 
Lev 17:11  For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life. 
Lev 17:12  Therefore I said unto the children of Israel: No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you eat blood. 
Lev 17:13  And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among them, that taketh in hunting any beast or fowl that may be eaten, he shall pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust. 
Lev 17:14  For as to the life of all flesh, the blood thereof is all one with the life thereof; therefore I said unto the children of Israel: Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh; for the life of all flesh is the blood thereof; whosoever eateth it shall be cut off. 
Lev 17:15  And every soul that eateth that which dieth of itself, or that which is torn of beasts, whether he be home-born or a stranger, he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even; then shall he be clean. 
Lev 17:16  But if he wash them not, nor bathe his flesh, then he shall bear his iniquity. 

Chapter 18

Lev 18:1  And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 
Lev 18:2  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 18:3  After the doings of the land of Egypt, wherein ye dwelt, shall ye not do; and after the doings of the land of Canaan, whither I bring you, shall ye not do; neither shall ye walk in their statutes. 
Lev 18:4  Mine ordinances shall ye do, and My statutes shall ye keep, to walk therein: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 18:5  Ye shall therefore keep My statutes, and Mine ordinances, which if a man do, he shall live by them: I am the LORD. 
Lev 18:6  None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness. I am the LORD. 
Lev 18:7  The nakedness of thy father, and the nakedness of thy mother, shalt thou not uncover: she is thy mother; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. 
Lev 18:8  The nakedness of thy father’s wife shalt thou not uncover: it is thy father’s nakedness. 
Lev 18:9  The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter of thy father, or the daughter of thy mother, whether born at home, or born abroad, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover. 
Lev 18:10  The nakedness of thy son’s daughter, or of thy daughter’s daughter, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover; for theirs is thine own nakedness. 
Lev 18:11  The nakedness of thy father’s wife’s daughter, begotten of thy father, she is thy sister, thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. 
Lev 18:12  Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father’s sister: she is thy father’s near kinswoman. 
Lev 18:13  Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother’s sister; for she is thy mother’s near kinswoman. 
Lev 18:14  Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy fathers brother, thou shalt not approach to his wife: she is thine aunt. 
Lev 18:15  Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy daughter-in-law: she is thy son’ wife; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. 
Lev 18:16  Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brother’s wife: it is thy brother’s nakedness. 
Lev 18:17  Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter; thou shalt not take her son’s daughter, or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness: they are near kinswomen; it is lewdness. 
Lev 18:18  And thou shalt not take a woman to her sister, to be a rival to her, to uncover her nakedness, beside the other in her lifetime. 
Lev 18:19  And thou shalt not approach unto a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is impure by her uncleanness. 
Lev 18:20  And thou shalt not lie carnally with thy neighbour’s wife, to defile thyself with her. 
Lev 18:21  And thou shalt not give any of thy seed to set them apart to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD. 

Chapter 18

Lev 18:22  Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind; it is abomination. 
Lev 18:23  And thou shalt not lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith; neither shall any woman stand before a beast, to lie down thereto; it is perversion. 
Lev 18:24  Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things; for in all these the nations are defiled, which I cast out from before you. 
Lev 18:25  And the land was defiled, therefore I did visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land vomited out her inhabitants. 
Lev 18:26  Ye therefore shall keep My statutes and Mine ordinances, and shall not do any of these abominations; neither the home-born, nor the stranger that sojourneth among you – 
Lev 18:27  for all these abominations have the men of the land done, that were before you, and the land is defiled – 
Lev 18:28  that the land vomit not you out also, when ye defile it, as it vomited out the nation that was before you. 
Lev 18:29  For whosoever shall do any of these abominations, even the souls that do them shall be cut off from among their people. 
Lev 18:30  Therefore shall ye keep My charge, that ye do not any of these abominable customs, which were done before you, and that ye defile not yourselves therein: I am the LORD your God. 

Chapter 19

Lev 19:1  And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 
Lev 19:2  Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them: Ye shall be holy; for I the LORD your God am holy. 
Lev 19:3  Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and ye shall keep My sabbaths: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 19:4  Turn ye not unto the idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 19:5  And when ye offer a sacrifice of peace-offerings unto the LORD, ye shall offer it that ye may be accepted. 
Lev 19:6  It shall be eaten the same day ye offer it, and on the morrow; and if aught remain until the third day, it shall be burnt with fire. 
Lev 19:7  And if it be eaten at all on the third day, it is a vile thing; it shall not be accepted. 
Lev 19:8  But every one that eateth it shall bear his iniquity, because he hath profaned the holy thing of the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from his people. 

Lev 19:9  And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corner of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleaning of thy harvest. 
Lev 19:10  And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather the fallen fruit of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and for the stranger: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 19:11  Ye shall not steal; neither shall ye deal falsely, nor lie one to another. 
Lev 19:12  And ye shall not swear by My name falsely, so that thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD. 
Lev 19:13  Thou shalt not oppress thy neighbour, nor rob him; the wages of a hired servant shall not abide with thee all night until the morning. 
Lev 19:14  Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling-block before the blind, but thou shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD. 

Chapter 19

Lev 19:15  Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment; thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor favour the person of the mighty; but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. 
Lev 19:16  Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people; neither shalt thou stand idly by the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD. 
Lev 19:17  Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thy heart; thou shalt surely rebuke thy neighbour, and not bear sin because of him. 
Lev 19:18  Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD. 

Lev 19:19  Ye shall keep My statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind; thou shalt not sow thy field with two kinds of seed; neither shall there come upon thee a garment of two kinds of stuff mingled together. 
Lev 19:20  And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, designated for a man, and not at all redeemed, nor was freedom given her; there shall be inquisition; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free. 
Lev 19:21  And he shall bring his forfeit unto the LORD, unto the door of the tent of meeting, even a ram for a guilt-offering. 
Lev 19:22  And the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt-offering before the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned; and he shall be forgiven for his sin which he hath sinned. 
Lev 19:23  And when ye shall come into the land, and shall have planted all manner of trees for food, then ye shall count the fruit thereof as forbidden; three years shall it be as forbidden unto you; it shall not be eaten. 
Lev 19:24  And in the fourth year all the fruit thereof shall be holy, for giving praise unto the LORD. 
Lev 19:25  But in the fifth year may ye eat of the fruit thereof, that it may yield unto you more richly the increase thereof: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 19:26  Ye shall not eat with the blood; neither shall ye practise divination nor soothsaying. 
Lev 19:27  Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard. 
Lev 19:28  Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor imprint any marks upon you: I am the LORD. 
Lev 19:29  Profane not thy daughter, to make her a harlot, lest the land fall into harlotry, and the land become full of lewdness. 
Lev 19:30  Ye shall keep My sabbaths, and reverence My sanctuary: I am the LORD. 
Lev 19:31  Turn ye not unto the ghosts, nor unto familiar spirits; seek them not out, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 19:32  Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man, and thou shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD. 

Chapter 19

Lev 19:33  And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not do him wrong. 
Lev 19:34  The stranger that sojourneth with you shall be unto you as the home-born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. 
Lev 19:35  Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure. 
Lev 19:36  Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 
Lev 19:37  And ye shall observe all My statutes, and all Mine ordinances, and do them: I am the LORD. 

Chapter 20

Lev 20:1  And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 
Lev 20:2  Moreover, thou shalt say to the children of Israel: Whosoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death; the people of the land shall stone him with stones. 
Lev 20:3  I also will set My face against that man, and will cut him off from among his people, because he hath given of his seed unto Molech, to defile My sanctuary, and to profane My holy name. 
Lev 20:4  And if the people of the land do at all hide their eyes from that man, when he giveth of his seed unto Molech, and put him not to death; 
Lev 20:5  then I will set My face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go astray after him, to go astray after Molech, from among their people. 
Lev 20:6  And the soul that turneth unto the ghosts, and unto the familiar spirits, to go astray after them, I will even set My face against that soul, and will cut him off from among his people. 
Lev 20:7  Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy; for I am the LORD your God. 

Chapter 20

Lev 20:8  And keep ye My statutes, and do them: I am the LORD who sanctify you. 
Lev 20:9  For whatsoever man there be that curseth his father or his mother shall surely be put to death; he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him. 

Lev 20:10  And the man that committeth adultery with another man’s wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour’s wife, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death. 
Lev 20:11  And the man that lieth with his father’s wife – he hath uncovered his father’s nakedness – both of them shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them. 
Lev 20:12  And if a man lie with his daughter-in-law, both of them shall surely be put to death; they have wrought corruption; their blood shall be upon them. 
Lev 20:13  And if a man lie with mankind, as with womankind, both of them have committed abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them. 
Lev 20:14  And if a man take with his wife also her mother, it is wickedness: they shall be burnt with fire, both he and they; that there be no wickedness among you. 
Lev 20:15  And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death; and ye shall slay the beast. 
Lev 20:16  And if a woman approach unto any beast, and lie down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman, and the beast: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them. 
Lev 20:17  And if a man shall take his sister, his father’s daughter, or his mother’s daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness: it is a shameful thing; and they shall be cut off in the sight of the children of their people: he hath uncovered his sister’s nakedness; he shall bear his iniquity. 
Lev 20:18  And if a man shall lie with a woman having her sickness, and shall uncover her nakedness – he hath made naked her fountain, and she hath uncovered the fountain of her blood – both of them shall be cut off from among their people. 
Lev 20:19  And thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother’s sister, nor of thy father’s sister; for he hath made naked his near kin; they shall bear their iniquity. 
Lev 20:20  And if a man shall lie with his uncle’s wife – he hath uncovered his uncle’s nakedness – they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless. 
Lev 20:21  And if a man shall take his brother’s wife, it is impurity: he hath uncovered his brother’s nakedness; they shall be childless. 

Lev 20:22  Ye shall therefore keep all My statutes, and all Mine ordinances, and do them, that the land, whither I bring you to dwell therein, vomit you not out. 
Lev 20:23  And ye shall not walk in the customs of the nation, which I am casting out before you; for they did all these things, and therefore I abhorred them. 
Lev 20:24  But I have said unto you: ‘Ye shall inherit their land, and I will give it unto you to possess it, a land flowing with milk and honey.’ I am the LORD your God, who have set you apart from the peoples. 
Lev 20:25  Ye shall therefore separate between the clean beast and the unclean, and between the unclean fowl and the clean; and ye shall not make your souls detestable by beast, or by fowl, or by any thing wherewith the ground teemeth, which I have set apart for you to hold unclean. 
Lev 20:26  And ye shall be holy unto Me; for I the LORD am holy, and have set you apart from the peoples, that ye should be Mine. 
Lev 20:27  A man also or a woman that divineth by a ghost or a familiar spirit, shall surely be put to death; they shall stone them with stones; their blood shall be upon them. 

Amos 9.7-15 (Ash)
Ez. 20.2-20 (Sep)

Amos 9.7-15

Amo 9:7  Are ye not as the children of the Ethiopians unto Me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt, and the Philistines from Caphtor, and Aram from Kir? 
Amo 9:8  Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the LORD. 
Amo 9:9  For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all the nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth. 
Amo 9:10  All the sinners of My people shall die by the sword, that say: ‘The evil shall not overtake nor confront us.’ 
The Restoration of Israel
Amo 9:11  In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof, and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old; 
Amo 9:12  That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and all the nations, upon whom My name is called, saith the LORD that doeth this. 
Amo 9:13  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt. 
Amo 9:14  And I will turn the captivity of My people Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. 
Amo 9:15  And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be plucked up out of their land which I have given them, saith the LORD thy God. 

Ez. 20.2-20

1Sa 20:18  And Jonathan said unto him: ‘To-morrow is the new moon; and thou wilt be missed, thy seat will be empty. 
1Sa 20:19  And in the third day thou shalt hide thyself well, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself in the day of work, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel. 
1Sa 20:20  And I will shoot three arrows to the side-ward, as though I shot at a mark. 
1Sa 20:21  And, behold, I will send the lad: Go, find the arrows. If I say unto the lad: Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee; take them, and come; for there is peace to thee and no hurt, as the LORD liveth. 
1Sa 20:22  But if I say thus unto the boy: Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way; for the LORD hath sent thee away. 
1Sa 20:23  And as touching the matter which I and thou have spoken of, behold, the LORD is between me and thee for ever.’ 
1Sa 20:24  So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to the meal to eat. 
1Sa 20:25  And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon the seat by the wall; and Jonathan stood up, and Abner sat by Saul’s side; but David’s place was empty. 
1Sa 20:26  Nevertheless Saul spoke not any thing that day; for he thought: ‘Something hath befallen him, he is unclean; surely he is not clean.’ 
1Sa 20:27  And it came to pass on the morrow after the new moon, which was the second day, that David’s place was empty; and Saul said unto Jonathan his son: ‘Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to the meal, neither yesterday, nor to-day?’ 
1Sa 20:28  And Jonathan answered Saul: ‘David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem; 
1Sa 20:29  and he said: Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me; and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he is not come unto the king’s table.’ 
1Sa 20:30  Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him: ‘Thou son of perverse rebellion, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and unto the shame of thy mother’s nakedness? 
1Sa 20:31  For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the earth, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he deserveth to die.’ 
1Sa 20:32  And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him: ‘Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?’ 
1Sa 20:33  And Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to put David to death. 
1Sa 20:34  So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no food the second day of the month; for he was grieved for David, and because his father had put him to shame. 
1Sa 20:35  And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 
1Sa 20:36  And he said unto his lad: ‘Run, find now the arrows which I shoot.’ And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 
1Sa 20:37  And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said: ‘Is not the arrow beyond thee?’ 
1Sa 20:38  And Jonathan cried after the lad: ‘Make speed, hasten, stay not.’ And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 
1Sa 20:39  But the lad knew not any thing; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 
1Sa 20:40  And Jonathan gave his weapons unto his lad, and said unto him: ‘Go, carry them to the city.’ 
1Sa 20:41  And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the South, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times; and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. 
1Sa 20:42  And Jonathan said to David: ‘Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying: The LORD shall be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed, for ever.’ (21:1) And he arose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city. 

Shabbat Machar Chodesh: 1 Sam 20.18-42 (2022)
Shabbat HaGadol: Mal 3.4-24

1 Sam 20.18-42

1Sa 20:18  And Jonathan said unto him: ‘To-morrow is the new moon; and thou wilt be missed, thy seat will be empty. 
1Sa 20:19  And in the third day thou shalt hide thyself well, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself in the day of work, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel. 
1Sa 20:20  And I will shoot three arrows to the side-ward, as though I shot at a mark. 
1Sa 20:21  And, behold, I will send the lad: Go, find the arrows. If I say unto the lad: Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee; take them, and come; for there is peace to thee and no hurt, as the LORD liveth. 
1Sa 20:22  But if I say thus unto the boy: Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way; for the LORD hath sent thee away. 
1Sa 20:23  And as touching the matter which I and thou have spoken of, behold, the LORD is between me and thee for ever.’ 
1Sa 20:24  So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to the meal to eat. 
1Sa 20:25  And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon the seat by the wall; and Jonathan stood up, and Abner sat by Saul’s side; but David’s place was empty. 
1Sa 20:26  Nevertheless Saul spoke not any thing that day; for he thought: ‘Something hath befallen him, he is unclean; surely he is not clean.’ 
1Sa 20:27  And it came to pass on the morrow after the new moon, which was the second day, that David’s place was empty; and Saul said unto Jonathan his son: ‘Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to the meal, neither yesterday, nor to-day?’ 
1Sa 20:28  And Jonathan answered Saul: ‘David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem; 
1Sa 20:29  and he said: Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me; and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he is not come unto the king’s table.’ 
1Sa 20:30  Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him: ‘Thou son of perverse rebellion, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and unto the shame of thy mother’s nakedness? 
1Sa 20:31  For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the earth, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he deserveth to die.’ 
1Sa 20:32  And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him: ‘Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?’ 
1Sa 20:33  And Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to put David to death. 
1Sa 20:34  So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no food the second day of the month; for he was grieved for David, and because his father had put him to shame. 
1Sa 20:35  And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 
1Sa 20:36  And he said unto his lad: ‘Run, find now the arrows which I shoot.’ And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 
1Sa 20:37  And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said: ‘Is not the arrow beyond thee?’ 
1Sa 20:38  And Jonathan cried after the lad: ‘Make speed, hasten, stay not.’ And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 
1Sa 20:39  But the lad knew not any thing; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 
1Sa 20:40  And Jonathan gave his weapons unto his lad, and said unto him: ‘Go, carry them to the city.’ 
1Sa 20:41  And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the South, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times; and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. 
1Sa 20:42  And Jonathan said to David: ‘Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying: The LORD shall be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed, for ever.’ (21:1) And he arose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city. 

Mal 3.4-24

Mal 3:4  Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in the days of old, and as in ancient years. 
Mal 3:5  And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers; and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not Me, saith the LORD of hosts. 

Mal 3:6  For I the LORD change not; and ye, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed. 
Mal 3:7  From the days of your fathers ye have turned aside from Mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto Me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye say: ‘Wherein shall we return?’ 
Mal 3:8  Will a man rob God? Yet ye rob Me. But ye say: ‘Wherein have we robbed Thee?’ In tithes and heave-offerings. 
Mal 3:9  Ye are cursed with the curse, yet ye rob Me, even this whole nation. 
Mal 3:10  Bring ye the whole tithe into the store-house, that there may be food in My house, and try Me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall be more than sufficiency. 
Mal 3:11  And I will rebuke the devourer for your good, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your land; neither shall your vine cast its fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts. 
Mal 3:12  And all nations shall call you happy; for ye shall be a delightsome land, saith the LORD of hosts. 
Mal 3:13  Your words have been all too strong against Me, saith the LORD. Yet ye say: ‘Wherein have we spoken against thee?’ 
Mal 3:14  Ye have said: ‘It is vain to serve God; and what profit is it that we have kept His charge, and that we have walked mournfully because of the LORD of hosts? 
Mal 3:15  And now we call the proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are built up; yea, they try God, and are delivered.’ 

Mal 3:16  Then they that feared the LORD spoke one with another; and the LORD hearkened, and heard, and a book of remembrance was written before Him, for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon His name. 
Mal 3:17  And they shall be Mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in the day that I do make, even Mine own treasure; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him. 
Mal 3:18  Then shall ye again discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him that serveth Him not. 

Chapter 4

Mal 4:1  (3:19) For, behold, the day cometh, it burneth as a furnace; and all the proud, and all that work wickedness, shall be stubble; and the day that cometh shall set them ablaze, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. 
Mal 4:2  (3:20) But unto you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings; and ye shall go forth, and gambol as calves of the stall. 
Mal 4:3  (3:21) And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I do make, saith the LORD of hosts. 
Mal 4:4  (3:22) Remember ye the law of Moses My servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, even statutes and ordinances. 
Mal 4:5  (3:23) Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the LORD. 
Mal 4:6  (3:24) And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers; lest I come and smite the land with utter destruction. 

1 Cor. 6.9-20

1Co 6:9  Or know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with men, 
1Co 6:10  nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 
1Co 6:11  And such were some of you: but ye were washed, but ye were sanctified, but ye were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and in the Spirit of our God. 

1Co 6:12  All things are lawful for me; but not all things are expedient. All things are lawful for me; but I will not be brought under the power of any. 
1Co 6:13  Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall bring to nought both it and them. But the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body: 
1Co 6:14  and God both raised the Lord, and will raise up us through his power. 
1Co 6:15  Know ye not that your bodies are members of Christ? shall I then take away the members of Christ, and make them members of a harlot? God forbid. 
1Co 6:16  Or know ye not that he that is joined to a harlot is one body? for, The twain, saith he, shall become one flesh. 
1Co 6:17  But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit. 
1Co 6:18  Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. 
1Co 6:19  Or know ye not that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which ye have from God? and ye are not your own; 
1Co 6:20  for ye were bought with a price: glorify God therefore in your body. 

Mat 5.43-48

Mat 5:43  Ye have heard that it was said, Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy: 
Mat 5:44  but I say unto you, Love your enemies, and pray for them that persecute you; 
Mat 5:45  that ye may be sons of your Father who is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sendeth rain on the just and the unjust. 
Mat 5:46  For if ye love them that love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? 
Mat 5:47  And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the Gentiles the same? 
Mat 5:48  Ye therefore shall be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect. 

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